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    亚搏体育官网【ash368.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。合肥谜舱较培训学校(原邯郸鸵箍接通讯股份有限公司)成立于1999年,占地面积47582平方米,乐橙lc8足球在线客户端官网其中生产厂房占地1107平方米,仓库面积占地0077平方米。固定资产7879万元,流动资产5648万元,干部职工共782人,工程技术人员58人。亚搏体育官网SinceOctober2006,,thepurchasepricesofpaddy,%,%%,inparticular,haveseenacontinualandrecoveryriseafteradownturninthefirsthalfof2006and,byMay2007,theporkpricesinsomecitiesinsouthernChinahadrisenapparentlyandaffectednorthernChina,t,,,%,thepricesofChinasagrctsResearcheshaveshownthatbytheoreticalanalysisthecyclicalfluctuationsofthepricesofChinasagriculturalproducts(Tofacilitatetheanalysis,thispaperusestheestimatedresultsofλ=100tomaketheanalysis.)sawhole,ons,namely,biasedasymmetryandthoroughgoingasymmetry,andthesetwotypesoffluctuationscanalsobringaboutotherformsofasymmetry(LiuJinquanandFanJianqing,2001).,thetimeanddegreeofcyclicalfluctuations(Ascyclicalfluctuationsarenotsymmetricalintermsofcrossaxle,therefore,,thispaperuseswavedistanceasaunittoindicatethedistancebetweenwavecrestandtrough.),during1978~1986and1993~2000thepricesofagriculturalproductsfluctuatedfor8years,andfor6yearsduring1987~1992,allbeingmedium-andlong-termperiods;thepricesfluctuatedfor4yearsduring2003~2006andonlyfor2yearsduring2001~2002,,during1993~%,andthedegreeoffluctuationsduring1987~%,beingextremelyfierce;whiledegreesofthepricefluctuationsinotheryearswerealllessthan10%,,swereinthemiddleofthewavelength,suchas1987~1992,1993~2000and2001~2002,thediffe,thet,during1978~1986,1987~1992and2001~2002,thepricesrosesteeplyanddroppedslowlyand,during1993~2000and2003~2006thepricesincreasedslowlybutdeclinedswiftly(Table2).Fourthly,thefluctuationso,thedegreesofthef,during2003~2006,thesoybeanpriceroseashighas116%,thecornpricesurged75%,thewheatpricesoared46%,whilethepaddypriceonlyinchedup4%.ByDengYusong,InstituteofMarketEconomy,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo023,er2008,tocopewiththeinternationalfinancialcrisisandthedrasticdeclineofsalesonchinasdomesticrealestatemarket,theGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilunveiledtheOpinionsonPromotingtheSoundDevelopmentoftheRealEstateMarketandcarriedoutfastimesincetheimplementationofthepolicies,,,%,,thesalestoconstructionratioofcommercialhousing1c,thesalestoconstructionratioremainedaround62%inChina,the,withtherapidincreaseofthesalesvolume,during2005-2007,thesalestoconstructionratiowentupto80%orsoandthepricerisebecamedrastic,,asreductionofsalesofcommercialhousingwidenedmonthbymonthandtheareaunderconstructioncontinuedtoincreaserapidly,,%,andthenationw,withtherapidincreaseofthesalesvolumeofcommercialhousing,,%,beingslightlyhigherthanthepeakvalueduring2005-2007,suggestingtheappearanceofaerapidincreaseofthesalesofcommercialhousing,thehousingsalespricesin70largeandmedium-sizedcitiesacrossthecountrywitnessedapositivegrowthsinceMarch2009ascomparedtopreviousperiods,%inDecember,beingthehighestsince2008;inJune,thehousingpricesturnedfromnegativetopositivefromayearearlier,%inDecember,yearonyear,,in2009,theaveragehousingpriceamountedto4,500yuan/M2,upby900yuan/M2ascomparedtothatof2008,,citieswhereriseofpricesofnewly-builthomeshasexceededthenationalaveragemainlyincludesuchfirst-tiercitiesasShenzhen,Hangzhou,,thehousingprice-to-incomeratio,theprice-to-rentratioandthehousingaffordabilityinsomecitieslikeBeiji,atpresentthehousingprice-to-incomeratioinBeijingisbeingover50%higherthantheratiorecordedduring1998-2006,,seofhousingpricesandtherapidincreaseofthesalesvolumehavegivenrisetothecontinuousincreaseof,,%,,%,yearonyear;theaccumulativerateofincreaseofthehousingareaunderconstructionth,%fromayearago.。

    Accordingtothestatisticalmethodoninternationalpayment,%in2005,ofwhichtheimportandexportrespectivelyincreasedby28%and18%.Sothemostdirectcauseofthegoodstradesurplusin2005wagrowthandthehugeproductioncapacityduetofastdomesticinvestmentincreasehaveaddedpress,whichareconducivetoexportexpansion,,thechangesintheexpectationofRMBappreciatitionandtheboomingrealestatemarket,someenterprisestransferredoverseascapitalintotheterritorythrough"declaringmorethantheactualexportamount"or"lessthantheactualimportamount"inorde"capitalaccount"tradesurplusincreaseinarelativelylongperiodoftime(2001-2005).Accordingtothecalculationofthecustomsstatistics(SeeTable3),wecandrawthefollowingconclusions,first,privateandforeign-investedenterprisessawfastestincreaseoftradesurplus,con%%;openingofforeigntradeoperationr,intermsofmodeoftrade,processingtradeisth%.ItshowsthatthetradeexpansionduetotheglobalindustrialdistributionchangesandgraduallyintensifieddeepprocessinghaveledtotheconstantincreaseofChina’,country(region)-specific,thegrowthofforeigntradesurplusintheleadingEuropeanandAmericancountriesisamaincauseoftheoverallincrease,%%.Atthesametime,thetradedeficitofJapan,,theRepublicofKorea,,intermsofmaincommodities,commoditiesclassifiedbyrawmaterials,machineryandequipmentandmiscellaneousproductsunderthefinishedindustrialproductsarethemainsourcesoftradesurplus,%,%%.Theyincludethelabor-intensiveproductswithwhichChinahastraditionalcompetitiveedgeaswellasthemachineryproductsmadeunderthemodeofproce,thesustainedsurplushasbeenaresultofChina’sdeepeningofreformandopeningup,traditionalcompetitiveadvantages,industrialtransferoftransnationalc,ithasbeenbroughtaboutbyglobalization.strycomplementarityfirstwhenwe,,ofanother,thesetwocommoditiesareconsideredascomplementarygoods,forexample,,complementary,thesetwoindustriesareregardedascomplementary,andsuchcomplementarityisdefinedas"onesdevelopmentisdeterminedbytheothersdevelopment".However,"onesdevelopmentisdeterminedbytheothersdevelopment"type,thereisanothercaseofcomplementaritycalled"onehaswhattheotherlacks"type,and,ry,,andnomattersuchcomplementaritytakesformsof"onehaswhattheotherlacks"or"onesdevelopmentisdeterminedbytheothersdevelopment",itiesamongcountries,,theinter-industrydivisionformsthecomplementarityof"onehaswhattheotherlacks",whiletheintra-industrydivisionshapesthecomplementarityof"onesdevelopmentisdeterminedbytheothersdevelopment"andb,threeindustrialrelationsleadtothreedifferentmodesoftrade:"onehaswhattheotherlacks"ismanifestedasone-waytradeamongindustries;"onesdevelopmentisdeterminedbytheothersdevelopment"ismanifestedasverticalintra-industrytrade;competiti,IndustrialRelationsandTradeModes10-200米,isaspecialconceptthatappearedinthecourseofChina,peasantworkersincludethoseworkinginthesecondaryandtertiaryindustriesinside,peas,China,gthelooksof,structuralcontradictioninsupply-demandrelationsbecomeseverprominentOverall,thesupplyofChina,about200millionof,,thecountrysidestillhasabout100millionlaborersinsurplus,,anda,,%%inthelate1980s,%slabormarketin2002,andash,especiallyinthePearlRiverDeltaandthesoutheastpartsofbothFujianandZhejiangProvinces,desurveyontheutilizationofrurallaborin2006,whichcovered17provinces(municipalitiesandregions),20prefecturecities,57counties(cities),166townsandtownships,and2,%ofthevillagessurveyedbelievedthattheyoungandmiddle-agedpeopleoftheirvillageswh%fortheeastregion,76%%%,%,%.%.OurbasicjudgmentisthatalthoughChinaonthewholestillhasanoversupplyofyoungandmiddle-agedrurallabor,moreandmoreregionshaveseentheirremainingyoungrurallaborbeingtota,weshouldanalyzethesuppl"oversupply"toa"mixtureofsurplusandshortage"."Surplus"referstoanaggregateoversupplywhenlaborismeasuredbyconvertinglabortimeintolabor."Shortage"rurallabortransfer,thetrendofreturningtonativeplacesclearlygainsmomentumThegeneraltrendisthatrurall,seekingemplcountiesjointlyconductedbythePeasantWorkersOfficeoftheStateCouncilandtheruraleconomicresearchdepartmentoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,theaverageannualgrowthrateofthenumberofpeasantworkersseekingemploymentoutsidetheirnativecountieswas7%from2000to2006,%,th%%y,theratioofthoseseekingemploymentoutsensiveindustriestothecentralandwesternregionsandasthecentralandwesternregionsimprovedtheirconditionsfordevelopment,moreandmorepeasantworkershavereturnedtotheirr-exportingcounties,thereturnedpeasantworkersaccountedfor23%ofthepeasantworkersworkingoutsidetheirnativeplacesandfor10%%theyemployedaltogetheraccountedfor18%,wepreliminarilyestimatethatabout8millionpeasantworkershavereturnedtotheirnativeplacesforbeasantworkersandalthoughtheinter-regionallytransferredpeasantworkersstillfaroutnumberthelocallytransferredpeasantworkers,anewpatternofrurallabortransferistakingshape,inwhichthetrendofgoingtotheurbanareasforemploymentandthetrendofretur,andthenew-generationpeasantworkershavebecomeavitalforceThesupplyofrurallaborcontinuestorise,,th,theyoungpeasantworkers,bornafterthe1980sandaged16orover,,thenew-generationpeasantworkershavemuchweakeraffectionforlandandtheirwayofthinking,,thenew-generationpeasantworkersareevolvingfrom"part-timeworkersandpart-timepeasants"to"full-timenonagriculturalworkers",fromthe"two-wayflowbetweenurbanandruralareas"tothe"integrationintocities",andfrom"makingaliving"to"pursuingequality".ThisindicatesthatChinahasanurgentneedtosolvetheproblemofitsurban-ruraldualistsystem.。

    澳博体育app’sGrainDemandChinasgrainconsumptioncould,accordingtothepurposeofuse,beclassifiedintofourmaincategories:grainforresidentconsumption,grainusedasfodder,grainusedasseedsandgrainforindustrialuse,,demandforgrainalsoincludesdemandforexport,theneedforchangesandadjustmentofgrainstock,,grainconsumptioncouldalsobedividedinto:generaldemandforgrain,mainlyconsumptionbyordinaryconsumers;demandforqualityandspecialgrain,mainlyusedforgrainconsumptionbyhigh-incomeresidentsandspecialprocessingdemandofenterprises;consumptionofcommoditygrain,thatis,grainconsumedinthecirculationfield,excludinggrainproducedandsoldbythefarmers;andgrainusedasfodder,thatis,,China’sgrainconsumption,atthetimeofasteadyincreaseoftheconsumptionbasefigure,alsodevelopedsuchfeaturesandtrendsastheinter-actionbetweenthequantityandqualityofconsumption,continuingevolutionofconsumptionstructure,continuingincreaseofthe:First,consumptionbyresidentsisdroopingyearbyyear,itsproportioninthetotaldemandisalsodropping,,annualconsumptionofgrainbyurbanresidentsonaveragedroppedfrom95kilograms10yearsago(1995)toabout79kilograms,aper-capitadropofmorethan15kilograms;,el,butbytheresidents’growingdemandformorenutritiousfoodsuchasmeat,poultry,,theconsumptionofediblevegetableoilincreasedbyalargemargin,,in2003,urbanresidents’,,,,,,,;,%,grainconsumptionwasabout20kilogramswhentheyateout,,theconsumptionofgrainusedasfodderincreasedconstantly,,thecountry’svolumeofdemandforgrainusedasfodderwas76milliontons,anditincreasedto128milliontonsin2003,%oranannualgrowthofaboutfivepercentagepoints.ostandardizethepurchaseofdrugsbymedicalinstitutionswasfir,thousandsofpharmaceuticalmanufacturersandsellershadtopayunder-tab,drugprovidersneededtonegotiateonebyonewithm,allprovincesandcitiesundersurveypromulgsarenotstrictlyobservedinpracticeandtheyneedtopayunder-tablemoneywhensellingdrugstomedicalinstitutions,medicalinstitutionsholdthatafterthegovernmentagenciesorganizeCentralizedPurchaseofDrugs,,thecateg,representativesfromhospitalsbelievethattheCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsreducesthepublicdenouncementrelatedtohighdrugpricestowardmedicalinstitutionsanddoctorsbecausehospitalsarenowpurchasingdrugsatthepricesthatwinthebid(orthepricesthatarepublishedviainternet).2TheuseofinformationsysteminthepharmaceuticalindustryhasbeenfacilitatedInChinathepharmaceuticalindustryiscomposedofdrugmanufacturers,drugsellers,medicalinstitutions,,insomelocalitiesrelatedgovernmentaldepartmentsar,informationsystemhasbeenrapidlyestablishedandenforcedinmedicalinstitutions,dhelpcontain,monitorandpunishthosefly-by-nightcompaniesThispositivee,theCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsPolicycancontributeintheseaspects:(1)Thechannelsfordrugcirculationhavebeenclearly-definedTheprovincesundersurveyhavemostlypublishedprovisionsaboutthechann,alldrugsthatwinthebidshouldgothroughthe"twoinvoicesregulation"practice,butorsandanotherinvoiceisissuedwhendrugdistributorsselldrugstomedicalinstitutions.(2)TheCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsPolicyhelptocontain"drugbrokers"andthosefly-by-nightcompanies"Drugbrokers"usuallybuydrugsfrommanufacturersatbottomp,,theprofitabilityof"drugbrokers",fly-by-nightcompanieshaveonecommonfeadrugtransactionbyinspectingauthorities.(3)ThePolicyincreasestheconcentrationofmarketinsomelocalitiesForexample,therewere500to600drugdispensingcompan,thetoptendispensingcompaniesoccupyabout80%,thestate-holdingcompaniesdistributed10%ofalldrugsandthegrossprofitratewas9-10%.In2007,state-holdingcompaniesdistributed20%ofdrugsandthegrossprofitratewasbroughtdownto5-6%.Especiallythelow-profit,low-va,theconcentrationofmarketisnotexplicit.ByWuJinglianResearchReportNo195,seconomicgrowthsincethefoundingofthePeoplesRepublichasbeenfollowingthepat,thecontemporaryeconomicdeenturytotheearlystageofgrowt,thh,whichlast,thedevelopedcountriesenteredaperiodofeconomicgrowthcharacter,thedevelopmenteconomicsformednewtheorieaseriesofnegativeeconomicandsocialconsequences,suchastheworseninglivingconditionsoftheworkingclassandtheseriouspollutions,whichwerecalledtheevilsoftheso-called"ManchesterCapitalism".theratioofcapitaltolaborandtheratioofinvariablecapitaltovariablecapital,namelytheorganiccompositionofcapital,theratioofvariablecapital(capitalusedforwagepayment)tivelysurpluspopulation(namelytheunemployedpopulation).Inotherwords,theincomeoftheworkersortheproportionoftheirconsumptionfundsinthenationalincomewouldbecomeincreasinglysmaller,whichinturncausedth,sanalysisofthemodeofeconomicgrowthintheearlyye,whiletheearlyindustrializedcountrieshadallturnedtothemodernmodeofefficiency-drivengrowthinthelate19thcentury,thesocialistcountriesledbytheSovieinthe1920scharacterizedbyaconsciousintroductionoftheearlycapitalismmodeofgrowth,namelythe"lineofsocialistindustrializationgivingprioritytothedevelopmentofheavyindustry".This"lineofsocialistindustrialization"putfo,itwasoutofpracticalneed,theneedthattheSovietUnionsurrsethelegitimacyoftheirlineandsuppresstheinner-partyopponentsinthepartysstrugglesthattheycitedtheexpositionsontheearlygrowthofcapitalismmadebyVlnsectorproducingmeansofproduction,fastinthemeansofproductionsectorproducingconsumergoods,ateinvestmentmadetoensuretheprioritygrowthoftheheavyindustrywasaconsciousapplicationofthe"basicprinciplesofMarxstheoryofreproduction".Stalins"lineofsocialistindustrialization"wasconfirmedbytheSovietCommunistPartyastheonlycorrectlineinthecountrys"campaignagainstrightopportunism",Feldman,aneconomistoftheSovietPlanningCommission,wasauthorizedto,knownastheFeldmanmodel,,includingChina,ismodeofgrowthasfromthelate1950sandtooksomemeasuresinthecourseofreformandopeninguptoalleviateandeliminateitsconsequences,achangeinthemodeofgrowthhasneverbecomofindustrialization,somecountriesandregionsinEas,thesecountriesandregi,,toagreatextent,becausemanycountriesandregionsinEastAsiaadoptedanexport-orientedpolicyandreplacedtheshrinkingdomesticdemandwiththeexportdemandsoastoeasethesl,theexport-orientedpolicyfeaturingtheappropriategovernmentprotectionofnationalenterprisesandthedevaluationofnationalcurrencieswasoftenregardedasoneoftheimportantmagicweaponsforcreatingthe"EastAsianmiracle"eformin1994,Chinaalsosuccessfullyusedthisapproachtoseekavigorousexportgrowthandtosupportasustainedrapideconomicgrowthwiththerobustexportdemand.亚搏体育官网重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByQinZhongchun,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomy,theDRCResearchReportNo116,2009Grainreserves,asthekeystrategicmaterialsofChina,haveplayedanimportantroleinsafeguardingthegrainmarketandsocialstability,,especiallywiththeeffortsmadeinrecentyears,anewgrainreservesystemwithChinesecharacteristicsansGrainReserveSystemEstablishedinthe1950ssincethefoundingofthePeoplesRepublicofChina,Chinasgrainreservesystemhasbeenconstantlyadvanced,reformedandimproved,withthereservecategoriesbeingconstantlyincreased,thestructureandscaleofreservesbeinggraduallyrationalizedandthemanagementofreservesbeingconstantlyenhanced,th:ThenationalemergesRepublic,,Chi,thestatesetapartafractionofgrainsfromthefoodreservestockasthegrainreserves,designatedstoragewarehouses,setasidefundreservementsconcerned,suchastheStatePlanningCommission,,accordingtothethenpoliticalandmilitarysituations,Chinabuiltupthe"506"PCCentralCommitteeandtuntingthedifficultiesingrainsupply,guaranteeingpeopleslivingstandardandsupportingChina,becauseofthesinglenatureofthereservesystemsandowingtothefeaturesofthegraindistributionundertheplannedeconomysystemand,asaresultofthereservesinsmallscaleandtheextensivemanagementofthereserveswhichweremainlystoredandheldbylocalgraindepartmentsintrust,overalongperiodoftime(until1990)aftertheestablishmentofthosesystems,Chinasgrainreservesonlyimpl,duringthatperiodoftime,thegrainreservesystemandthegrainmanagementsystemwerecombinedintoasingleunittobeunderthejurisdictionoftheexclusivemainbody——thestategraindepartment,:Thestatebackupreservesystemwassetuptore,Chinasgrainyieldsgrewbyleapsandbounds,graduallyeasingthelong-term,,thecropharvestswereaccomplishedinthreeconsecutiveyearsof1988,1989and1990,makingithardforfarmerstoselltheirfoodstuffs,s,thecentralgovernmentdecidedtosetupthespecialstategrainreservesystemaimedat"purchasingsurplusfoodgrains,stabilizinggrainproduction,alleviatingcropfailureswithbumperharvestsandstabilizingthemarket",whichwasthefirsttimetosetupthebackupreservesystemspecializedinadjustingmark,ChinasetuptheStateGrainReservesBureautobeinchurchasefoodgrainsonitsbehalf,,malpracticesexistedinsuchareservesystemduringthatperiod:thesystemwasnotwellmadeandthemanagementwasnotproperlyconducted;warehouseswerescattered,makingitinconvenientforsupervision;elyandthequalitywasnotguaranteed,thefoodstuffsgotlostorwentbadorwerenotenoughtodistributeorcouldnotbedistributedasneedaroseandthefoodstuffsdidnotsellwell,:ThecentralgrainreservesystemwassetupandwasputundertheverticalmanagementofChinaGrainReservesCorporation,andtheconstruct,theproblemsexistinginthemanagementofthespecialstategrainreservesnotonlyhamperedtheoperationandmanagementofthecentralgrainreserves,butalsostraigh,1998,theCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilmadegreatstrategicdecisionstocarryoutasignificantreformoftheestablishedstategrainres,after1998,ts,with1109depotsbeingbuiltandthetotalreservecapacityreachingmorethan100billionjin(twojinmakeonekilo).In2000,theStateCouncilsetupChinaGrainReservesCorporation(Sinograinforshort).Sinograin,onthebasisoftakingoverthelarge-scalegraindepotsinvestedbythecentralgovernmentandpracticingtheframeworkoftheCorporationanditsdirectlysubordinatedepotsbeingasindependentlegalentitiesandthemanagementexercisedrespectivelybytheCorporation,itsbranchesanditsdirectlysubordinatedepots,carriedouttheverticalmanagementofthemanpower,financial,therelevantcentraldepartmentsmadestrictexaminationsandevaluationsofSinograinspersonnel,assetsanddepotstakenoverbyit,properlyhandledSinograinsirregularaccountingtyofFinance,theNationalDevelopmentandReformCommissionandtheStatentralgrainreservesmainlybylocalgraindepartme,ChinapromulgatedRegulationsonAdministrationofCentralGrainReserves,clarifyingtheplans,storage,use,supervision,inspectionandlegalresponsibilitiesofthecentralgrainreservesandbringingtheoperationofthegrainreservesontothelegaltrack,whichplayedanimportantpartinguaranteeingtheeffectiveoperationofthecentralgrainreservemanagementmechanism,ensuringthesuperiorquality,thegenuineamountandthesafestorageofthegrainreserves,bringingtherolesofthecentralgrainreservesinservingthestatemacro-controlintoeffectiveplayandfacilitatingthelocallegislationworkongrainreserves.Data:ChinaIndexResearchInstituteIn2008,affectedbytheoperationlawoftherealestate,theworseninginternationaleconomicsituationandtheChinesedomesticmacro-economicadjustment,salesbytherealestateenterprisesdeclinedatlarge,butthesalesbyth,,%,yearonyear,,%,%.%%.,powerful,large-scaledandresponsibility-assumingenterpriseshaveturnedupTheleadingrealestateenterprisesarelargeinscale,growingfast,profit-makingandhavesoundfinancialsystems,,theaverageassetvolume,businessincomeandnetprofitofthetop4enterprises(includingVanke,ZhonghaiRealEstate,HopsonandPolyRealEstateGroup),;theannualaveragegrowthrateoftheiraverageaggregateassets,businessincomeandnetprofitsince2003reached70%,50%and81%,withtheannualaveragegrowthrateofitsaggregateassets,businessincomeandnetprofitreaching116%,90%and114%respectively,andtheannualaveragegrowthrateoftheaggregateassets,businessincomeandnetprofitoftheflagshipenterpriseVankealsoreached75%,53%and73%,respectively,allbeingmuchhigherthantheaverageoftherealestateindustryandtheaverageofthetop100enterprises;theaverageaggregatereturnrateonassetswasequivalenttothatofthetop100enterprises,butthenetprofitratewashigher;theasset-liabilityratiowasbetween63%~65%,beingapparentlylowerthantheaverageofthetop100enterprises;sincethereleaseoftheresearchfindingsontop100enterprisesin2004,enterpriseslikeVanke,ZhonghaiRealEstateandHopsonrankedamongthetop5inthemain(Table4).ByXieFuzhanResearchReportNo307,2006Inrecentyears,theChinesegovernmenthasatt,themacroregulationcapabilityofthecentralgovernmenthasbeencontinuouslyimproved;thegovernmentismorecapableofaddressingmarketdefault;thetransferpaymentsizehasnoticeablyincreasedandthehorizontalfiscalimbalancehasbeingmitigated;governmentsofvariouslevelshaveimprovedbotht,wehavemadecertainachievements,butproblemsstillexistsuchastheunreasonabledivisionofgovernmentadministrativepowerandfinancialpowerandthemismatchbetweenadministrativepowerandfinancialpowerforlocalgovernments,tchingoftheinter-governments’istrativePowerandFinancialPowerDuringthepasttwodecades,:,,,decentralizationcanrefertoeithertheadministrativepowerorthefinancialpower,,itmeansthattheexpenditureresponsibilityisde,itmeansthattheproportionofself-income(self-ownedtaxation)monggovernments,andtheotherisbyadjustingtheself-ownedincome,iousdecentralizationtrend,,wehavenotfoundanycasethatthelower-levelgovernmenthastheself-owned,externaleffectandtaxincentives,thispracticealsoena,from1979to2005,%,ofwhich,%%,%,ofwhich,%%.In2004,%%,whilefortheexpenditure,%%.,thecrucialissueinChinaistoaddressthehorizontalimbalanceofePrerequisitefortheGovernmentstoMakeaProperDivisionofFinancialPowerandAdministrativePowerItismostimportanttoclearlydefinetheroleofgovernme,canwediscussthedi,therehavebeenquiteafewarg,thereformhasbeentoocommercialized,goodsandservices,sinceChinahasahugepopulationandgoodsandwhichlevelofgovernmentshouldbetheprovider,,eveneducationormedicalcarearenottotallypublicgoods,,rketclearly,andtobuildtheexpenditureresponsibilityonthebasisofpublicfinance,thatistosay,accordingtotheinternalrequirementofmarketeconomy,letthepublicfinanceshoulderresponsibilcountrywithacentral,thedivisionofexpenditureresponsibilityisnotclearenoughamongthegovernmentsatthecentral,provincial,,,th,thegrassrootsgovernmentsareburdenedbytoomuchexpenditureresponsibility,sincethegovernmentsofupperlevelsmayassigntasksinanarbitrarywaywithoutgivingsufficientcorrespondingfunding.isofthedatafromACompilationofCost-benefitDataonNationwideFarmProduce2007,(paddy,wheatandcorn)showsthatduring1978~2006ChinasgrainproductionmodelwasbeinggraduallytransformedandthebasicfeaturesofChinasgrain-productioncostwerebecomingmoreandmoresimilartothoseofJapan,SouthKoreaandChina,changesrelatedtoChina,thetraditionalessentialfactorsofproductionsuchasmanpower,animalpowerandfarmmanure,whichusedtomakeupthemajorityofthecostsformaterialsandservices,werebeingrelativelylessandlessusedandthe,moreandmoremodernizedessentialfactorsofproductionrelatedtooil,includingchemicalfertilizer,farmchemical,agriculturalfilmandfarmdiesel,werebeingusedandweregraduallytakingt,thegrain-produc,thenumberofemployedlaborerswasevidentlyreducing,,downabout74%.Giventhef//day,%%.Atthesametime,%%%%%,%.Aslaborforceisneededfortheuseofanimalpowerandfarmmanure,therapidincreaseoflaborcost,asitwere,hasfacilitatedtheacceleratedtransformationofChinasgrainproductionmodelinthecourseofmodernization,,afterthetransformationofthegrainproductionmodel,grainproductionwasbecomingmoreandmoreoil-dependent,namely,itwasbeingtransformedintoan"oil-dependentagriculture".ThetransformationofChinasgrainproductionintoan"oil-dependentagriculture",chemicalfertilizer,farmchemical,agriculturalfilmandfarmdieselbecamerelativelycheapessentialfactorsofproductiontotaketheplaceofsuchproductionfactorsasmanpowerandanimalpowerthat,whentheworldoilsupplygetsstabilizedandtheoilpricesdonotvarymuch,,oncetheoilpriceschangedramatically,theoil-relatedfactorsinChina,,comparedwithChina,asthelaborcostwasrisingfasterinJapan,SouthKoreaandChinasTaiwanProvince,theirgrainproductionbecamemore"oil-dependent".Nevertheless,thelandsizeofJapan,SouthKoreaandChinasTaiwanProvincewasmuchsmallerthanthatofEuropeancountriesandtheUnitedStates,therefore,theirgrain-,althoughChinasgrain-productioncostandpriceshadbecomeoncehigherthantheworldaverageafter1994,~1998,China,,Chinasgrain-produ,astheareaofChinasarablelandaccountsonlyfor8%orsooftheworldtotalandtheChinesepopulationmakesupnearly20%oftheworldtotal,theev,,,edland,plustheever-increasinglaborprices,theess,toensuregrainsafetyandmaintainhighgrainself-sufficiency,Chinasgrain-productioncostandpricesaremuchlikelytobecomeeventuallyhigherthantheworldaveragelevel,likeJapan,SouthKoreaandChinakeyfactorformodernizationhavebecomeanimportantintegralpartofChinasgrain-productioncost,~2006,theproportionofcostsformaterialsandservicespermuinChina,%.Nevertheless,,%,,%,,%,,%.Thetotalcostsforchemicalfertilizer,farmchemical,%% CostsforMaterialsandServicesRelatedtoChinasGrain-productionCost(Unit:yuan/mu)20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinance,theDRCResearchReportNo65,sStatusinEconomicGlobalizationChineseandfo,~1800,yearsfrom1800~,Iambasingmyanalysisonthetwo-s,,%,%ontheaverage;duringthesecondglobalizationbetween1950and1998,%.%between1500and1820,%%hetwostagesInthefirstglobalizationprocess,,namely,duringtheagriculturalsociety,theproportionofChinasGDPintheglobaltotalwasashighas33%orsoin1820,beingnearly30%morethantheGDPoftheWestEuropeancountriesplusAustralia,NewZealand,,duringthelatterperiodofthepreviousglobalization,orbeforetheoutbreakofWorldWarIin1913,theproportionofChina%,,since1950,theproportionofChina%in1978to6%in2007,afifteen-foldincreaseover30yearstime(atconstantprice),%%%in2007,growingby104timesover30yearstime,%.,ChinaWillStillBeanImportantBeneficiaryWhydidthefirstglobalizationbreakoffItwasmainlybecausethethenmajorcountriesviedwitheachotherforinterestsandtheirconflictsincontestingcoloniesresultedinawar,,(exports)proportionsocc,Britainwasakeycountryduringthefirstglobalization,%,theUnitedStates,withitseconomyhighlydeveloped,%ssharefromlastglobalization,theUn,%in2007,%%sexportproportionisfarlessthanthatofBritaininthefirstglobalizati,intermsofChinasdevelopmentatpresentstage,itis"worldmanufacturer"smore,theinternalandexternalcontradictionsrelatedtoChinaspresenteconomicdevelopmenth,China,whileenhancingthepeoplesconsumptionandsocialwelfare,isinneedofconsiderableoilsupplies,mineralresources,,,whatfactorscandeterminethatChinawillstillbeabeneficiaryaslongasglobalizationtrendgoesonFirstly,theturningpointrelatedtoChinaspopulationgrowthhasnotcompletelyarrivedandtheadvant,,,,,Chinaneedstofurtheritsreform,,basedonthesescenarios,Chinawillsurelybeawinneraslongasitadherestotheprincipleofmakingco-operationwithforeigncountriesformutualgainandsafeguards,althoughtradeprotectionismisrearinganuglyhead,,iesoutits"US-dominated",aslongastheUnitedStatesisstilldrivingforwardglobalization,,thepresentAmericanfinancialcrisisresultedfromtheAmericanlaborproduct,atpresentweshouldnotexpectthattheUnitedStatescouldgetridofthecrisisverysoon,becauseifitwerereallyso,theUnitedStateswouldissuealargenumberofcurrenciesthatcouldposeahiddenperilforthefuture.、亚搏体育官网用户至上yzc567亚洲城CQ9宙斯ByXieFuzhanResearchReportNo307,2006Inrecentyears,theChinesegovernmenthasatt,themacroregulationcapabilityofthecentralgovernmenthasbeencontinuouslyimproved;thegovernmentismorecapableofaddressingmarketdefault;thetransferpaymentsizehasnoticeablyincreasedandthehorizontalfiscalimbalancehasbeingmitigated;governmentsofvariouslevelshaveimprovedbotht,wehavemadecertainachievements,butproblemsstillexistsuchastheunreasonabledivisionofgovernmentadministrativepowerandfinancialpowerandthemismatchbetweenadministrativepowerandfinancialpowerforlocalgovernments,tchingoftheinter-governments’istrativePowerandFinancialPowerDuringthepasttwodecades,:,,,decentralizationcanrefertoeithertheadministrativepowerorthefinancialpower,,itmeansthattheexpenditureresponsibilityisde,itmeansthattheproportionofself-income(self-ownedtaxation)monggovernments,andtheotherisbyadjustingtheself-ownedincome,iousdecentralizationtrend,,wehavenotfoundanycasethatthelower-levelgovernmenthastheself-owned,externaleffectandtaxincentives,thispracticealsoena,from1979to2005,%,ofwhich,%%,%,ofwhich,%%.In2004,%%,whilefortheexpenditure,%%.,thecrucialissueinChinaistoaddressthehorizontalimbalanceofePrerequisitefortheGovernmentstoMakeaProperDivisionofFinancialPowerandAdministrativePowerItismostimportanttoclearlydefinetheroleofgovernme,canwediscussthedi,therehavebeenquiteafewarg,thereformhasbeentoocommercialized,goodsandservices,sinceChinahasahugepopulationandgoodsandwhichlevelofgovernmentshouldbetheprovider,,eveneducationormedicalcarearenottotallypublicgoods,,rketclearly,andtobuildtheexpenditureresponsibilityonthebasisofpublicfinance,thatistosay,accordingtotheinternalrequirementofmarketeconomy,letthepublicfinanceshoulderresponsibilcountrywithacentral,thedivisionofexpenditureresponsibilityisnotclearenoughamongthegovernmentsatthecentral,provincial,,,th,thegrassrootsgovernmentsareburdenedbytoomuchexpenditureresponsibility,sincethegovernmentsofupperlevelsmayassigntasksinanarbitrarywaywithoutgivingsufficientcorrespondingfunding.ByZhangLiqun,LiJianwei,ChenChangshengLuZhongyuan,DepartmentofMacroeconomicResearch,theDRCInthefirsthalfoftheyear,th,thebottleneckrestraintswerealleviated,employmentincreased,themarketpriceswerekeptatareasonablelevel,theoveralleconomicbenefitoftheenterprisesturnedoutgood,,issuesliketheexcessivelyfastincreaseofinvestment,theexcessofmonetaryaggregates,theaggravationofthebalanceofpaymentsdisequilibrium,andthesoaringofhousingpricesbyabigmargininsomeofthecities,existedinthecourseoftheeconomicperformance,whichformedtheunderlyingthreatsagainstthest,economy%orsoandthathouseholdconsumerpriceindexwillrisewithintherateof2%.ngtopreliminarycalculation,,%year-on-year,edvalueof3968billionyuan,%year-on-year,,%year-on-year,,%year-on-year,%withthepricefactorbeingdeducted,,,investment,consumptionandexternaldemandgrewsimultaneouslyandrapidly,,supportedbythehighgrowthofinvestmentovertheyears,heavyindustriesandinfrastructureimprovedrapidly,bottleneckrestraintssuchasironandsteel,cement,nonferrousmetals,coal,electricityandtransportationweregraduallyalleviated,,theyear,%;%year-on-year;pricesforrawmaterials,%year-on-year,,industrialenterpri,up28%,,but,financial%,addingarevenueof309billionyuan,,,fulfilling56%and36%oftheyearuouscontradictionsincurrenteconomicperformancemainlyappearasfollows:,%,year-on-year,senttheChineseeconomyisstandingatthestageofmediumatmentgrowthisshrinkingin2006,itcanbeanalyzedonthebasisofthemediumandlong-termcyclical,98900newprojectswerestarted,adding18300onesoverlastyear;theplannedtotalinvestmentinthenewly-startedprojectsamountsto3650billionyuan,%year-on-year,,,attentionshouldalsobepaidtothemal"11thFive-yearPlan",andistheyearinwhichininvestmentandeconomicactivities,andtheyhavebeenveryenthusiasticinseekingprojectsandintroduciealestatedevelopment,une,balanceofthebroadenedmoneysupply(M2)hadamountedto32280billionyuan,%year-on-year,(M1)hadamountedto11230billionyuan,%year-on-year,,ifthewholeyearsGDPgrows10%,the:1,anapparentincreaseascomparedwiththatin2005(:1).Itsuggests,China,thecentralbank,byusingthehedgingonpublicmarket,,asforeignexchangecontinuedtoflowin,,thelargeamountsofbankpapersformedinthehedgingwillbeco,investmentsinvariousaspectshaveshownanupsurgingenthusiasmandthereisaboomingdemandforloans;bankspaymoreattentiontothefundprofitmarginandtheirinitiativeinreleaseofloanshasbecomehigher,,balanceofthevariouskindsofRMBloansamountedto21530billionyuan,%year-on-year,,theRNBloansincreasedby2180billionyuan,,ofwhich,,,andthemediumandlong-termloansincreasedby851billionyuan,,moneysupplygrewexcessivelyfast,withthemediumandlong-termloansinparticularstillshowingamomentumofrapiddevelopmentand,togetherwiththehighenthusiasmininvestment,itexertedanon-negligibleinfluenceonthestabilityofthemacro-economy.ByFengJieXuanXiaoweiResearchReportNo139,2006Thedegreeofregionalindustrialdivisionandindustrialcooperationcanreflectboththeresourceandindustrialadvantage’smanufacturingandfundamentalindustriesandthechangesinthisdistributioninrecentyearsandsummarizessomeofthenewprogress,’sManufacturingIndustriesHavePostedaRisingSpatialConcentrationIndexandtheManufacturingSectorasaWholeIsHighlyConcentratedThechangesinthespatialconcentrationindexofthemanufacturingindustriesareanimportantmanifestationofthetrendofindust’s20manufacturingindustriesin2003(alsocalledtheindustrialspatialGinicoefficient,whichmeasuresthedistributionofproductivity,namely,totaloutputvalues,ofvariousindustriesin31provincesandregions),,thehighlyconcentra(),chemicalfibers(),instrumentsandofficemachinery(),textiles(),electricmachineryandequipment()andmetalproducts().Therewe()andpharmacy().Intermsoftheprocessofchanges,Chart1indicatesthatmostmanufacturingindustr,,theindustrieswhosespatialconcentrationindexwasover10percenthigherwerepapermakingandpaperproducts()andchemicalfibers().Theindustrieswhosespatialconcentrationindexwasover5percenthigherwerechemicalrawmaterialandchemicalproducts(),foodprocessing(),electronicandcommunicationsequipment()andmetalproducts().Inthemeantime,therewpment(-)andtobaccoprocessing(-).Inaddition,foodproduction(-)andpetroleumprocessingandcokeproduction(-),theaboveinformationindicatesthatthedegreeofspecializeddivisionoflaborbasedonmarketcompetitionandonscaleofeconomywasconstantlyrising,butsomeindustries(suchastheauto,pharmacy,tobaccoandliquorindustries)werestillnotedforscattereddistributionofproductivityduetoth’sManufacturingIndustriesoverPastFiveYears、DVORLongGuoqiangCurrently,Chinaisun,theindu,toaccuratelyseizethenewopportunitiesarisingfromglobalizationandtopushforwardtheupgradingofindustrialstructurewhileChinaseconomyisIndustrialUpgradingOverthepasttwodecades,theaccumulatedforeigndirectinvestment(FDI)toChinahasexceededUS$,alargeamountofexport-orien,Chinahasbecometheworld,Chinaneedstocontinuetodev,itisalsoimperativetotransformthecountry,theCPCcentralcommitteehasputforwardtheconceptofscientificdevelopment,alongwiththegoalofcomprehensive,,thetransformationmustbeproceededwithaviewtoelevatingChina,ries(1)Thereisastron,whichhasledtoasurgeinurbaninfrastructureconstructionandhasinturnboostedastrongdemandfortheheavyandchemicalindustriessuchasironsteel,cement,sconsumptionstructurepromptedbytheriseinpercapitaincome,whichhaspushedupthedemandforautomobileandhousestoanewlevel,wh,,petrochemicals,machineryandchemicals,therehavebeenmoreandmorecasesofmergersandacquisitions(MAs),theChinesegovernmenthas,forthefirsttimeinhistory,promulgatedrelevantregulationsinordertocreateabettersystematicenvironmentfortransnationalMAs.(2)Massiveexport-orienteda,foreigninvestorshavemassively,ahugeassemblycapacityhasbeenformed,whic,moreandmoreupstreamsparepartshavebeenproducedinChina,leadingtotheform,this"importsubstitute"iscompletedundertheconditionsofopeningtotheoutsideworld,whichwillresultinacontinuo(1)RDinternationalizationandits"spillovereffect".RDinternationalic:(UNCTAD)conductedasur,eachtransnationalcorporationspentanaverage28%Dinstitutionsin1985,,atotalof375foreignc~1990period,thenumberoftheovers%,%.ThethirdmanifestationofRDglobalizationisagro1995bytheworldslargesttransnationalcorporations,%,theNetherlands,Belgium,SwitzerlandandotherEuropeancountries,over50%ofthepatentapplicatiiesadoptedbytransnationalcorporationstoc,theadvanceininformationtechnologyandthemodulizationofRDactivitieshavemadeitpo,conductingoversea,astheseactivitiesareclosertothemarketsofthehostcountries,transnationalcorporationscanincreasetherelevanceoftheircorpo,theycantakeadvantageofthelow-costRDresourcesandespeciallythehumanr,theyaremoreconsistentwiththepoliciesofthehostcountriesa,at,theappealoftheChinesemarketwillbeincreasinglystrongerandmoretransnati,theRDinstitutionsoftransnationalcorporationscanproducea"spillovereffect"onthehostcountries,mainlythroughthemechanismsofdemonstration,themovementofemployeesandinformation,cooperation,gy,effectsisamajortopicfordevelopingcountriesinenhancingtheirinnovationcapacity.(2)Globalizationhasprovidednumerousop,theycanestablishRDins,theycanacquireoverseasRDinstitutionsortechnology,,theycantakeadvantageofoverseasventureinvestmentfundsandc(1)T,theserviceindus%~2003period,theserviceindustryattractedUS$461billionofforeigninvestment,accountingfor66%productionservicesectors,includingbusinessservice(29%),financialservice(25%),transport/warehousing/communications(16%),andtrade(11%).Inaddition,transnationalcorporationshavebegunestablishicountrieswillgreatlyraisetheoverallleveloftheserviceindustryindevelopingcountriesthroughthemechanismsofdemonstration,competitionandmovementofhumanresources....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:WorldInvestmentReport2001:PromotingLinkages,ChinaFinancialPublishingHouse,2002,:WorldInvestmentReport2005,ByZhangWenkui,,nterprises(SOEs)In2005,theindustrialaddedvalueofstate-ownedandstateholdingenterprisesreachedRMB2,,accountingfor39%ofthatofthecountryionandAdministrationCommissionoftheStateCouncil1(SASAC),in2005,169centralenterprisesrealizedasalesincomeofabout6,730billionyuan,,%,%%ofthetotalforthecountry,especiallycentralenterprises,h,attheendof2004,therewere731,000scientificworkersincentralenterprises,%ofthecountrystotal;6146nationallevelscientificprofessionals,%ofthecountrystotal;179academiciansfromtheChineseAcademyofSciencesandtheChineseAcademyofEngineering,%lvedindifferenttradessuchasmilitaryindustry,petroleumandpetrochemicalindustry,steel,nonferrousmetals,machinery,automobile,vessels,railtransportation,telecommunication,architecture,buildingmaterialsandmedicine,etc.,andmanyoftheseinstitutionsboasttheindustrylatedtointellectualpropertyandotherissuesofSOEsconductedbytheEnterpriseResearchInstituteoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilfromautumn2005tospring2006,%oftheenterprisesinterviewedhavetheirownRDcenters;%havebuilttheirmainproductsandprocessesonpatentedtechnologies,%ofwhicharedevelopedin-house;%,theinvestmentinscienti,increasingby218%over2002and76%,centralenterprisesappliedfor10,031patentsincluding4,462patentsforinvention,with4,948patentsgrantedincluding1,,22,enterprisesIngeneral,independentinnovationinSOEsisnotasactiveasinnon-state-ownedenterprises,althoughitseffortsoni,000Chineseen%oftheenterprisesincreasedtheirRDinvestmentcomparedwiththatofthepreviousyear,%oftheenterprisesreducedtheinvestmenttosomeextent,,non-state-ownedenterprisesregistereda48%year-on-yearincreaseintheRDinvestmentwhileSOEsregisteredonlya32%,itisobviousthatanon-state-ownedenterpriseincreasestheRDinvestmentmorethananSOE,%%ofthemsawadecrease,,,itisobviousthatanSOEismuchlessactiveinthedev,theproportionofaddedvalueofindustrialSOsalesincomeandnetprofithavebeensubstantiallyboostedyearo,theyhaveunderperformedintermsofRDinvestmentgrowthandnewproductlaunching,:centralenterprisesarelessactivethanlocalSOEsandprivateenterprisesintermsofindependentinnovationAcomparativeanalysisofindependentinnovationmadeonSOEsandnon-state-ownedente;ChinasautomobileindustryconsistsofcentralSOEs,localSOEs,,theautomobileindustryistechnology-intensive,especiallyinChinatheindus,theNationalStatisticsBureaureleasedthelistoftheTopTenLarge-and-Medium-SizedIndustriatputperformanceindexesineachindustry,suchasexpenditureofRD,quantityofpatentsforinventions,proportionofnewproductsalesincome,nstatusofenterprises,nkasfollows:CheryAutomobileCorporation,,ChinaFAWGroupCorporation,,,,ChongqingChangAnAutomobileCompanyLimited,,,ChinaFAWGroupCorporationisthefirstautomobileenterpriseofitskindfoundedinthe1950saswellasacentralSOEboastingalargenumberofinnovationresources;CheryAutomobileCorporationisalocalSOEestablishedattheendofthe1990s;;;,themostinfluentialandwell-es,,,anothercentralautomobileenterprisedidnotevenenterthetoptenlists....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:SpeechattheScientificandTechnologicalWorkingConferenceofCentralEnterprises(April2006).2SurveydataobtainedbytheEnterpriseR,DirectoroftheEnterpriseR:SpeechattheScientificandTechnologicalWorkingConferenceofCentralEnterprises(Aprilof2006).5"Theentrepreneursjudgment,AppraisalandSuggestiononMacroSituation,OperationEnvironmentandHotSpotofReform",InvestigationsystemofChineseentrepreneurs,ManagementWorld,Issue12,,ScienceandTechnologyStatisticsDepartmentoftheNationalStatisticsBureau.ByFengJieXuanXiaoweiResearchReportNo139,2006Thedegreeofregionalindustrialdivisionandindustrialcooperationcanreflectboththeresourceandindustrialadvantage’smanufacturingandfundamentalindustriesandthechangesinthisdistributioninrecentyearsandsummarizessomeofthenewprogress,’sManufacturingIndustriesHavePostedaRisingSpatialConcentrationIndexandtheManufacturingSectorasaWholeIsHighlyConcentratedThechangesinthespatialconcentrationindexofthemanufacturingindustriesareanimportantmanifestationofthetrendofindust’s20manufacturingindustriesin2003(alsocalledtheindustrialspatialGinicoefficient,whichmeasuresthedistributionofproductivity,namely,totaloutputvalues,ofvariousindustriesin31provincesandregions),,thehighlyconcentra(),chemicalfibers(),instrumentsandofficemachinery(),textiles(),electricmachineryandequipment()andmetalproducts().Therewe()andpharmacy().Intermsoftheprocessofchanges,Chart1indicatesthatmostmanufacturingindustr,,theindustrieswhosespatialconcentrationindexwasover10percenthigherwerepapermakingandpaperproducts()andchemicalfibers().Theindustrieswhosespatialconcentrationindexwasover5percenthigherwerechemicalrawmaterialandchemicalproducts(),foodprocessing(),electronicandcommunicationsequipment()andmetalproducts().Inthemeantime,therewpment(-)andtobaccoprocessing(-).Inaddition,foodproduction(-)andpetroleumprocessingandcokeproduction(-),theaboveinformationindicatesthatthedegreeofspecializeddivisionoflaborbasedonmarketcompetitionandonscaleofeconomywasconstantlyrising,butsomeindustries(suchastheauto,pharmacy,tobaccoandliquorindustries)werestillnotedforscattereddistributionofproductivityduetoth’sManufacturingIndustriesoverPastFiveYears。

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