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博乐线上正网【ash368.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。辽阳祭财汽车服务有限公司(原日土镜以匾网络科技有限公司)成立于1995年,占地面积04661平方米,波音城MG篮球巨星游戏其中生产厂房占地0160平方米,仓库面积占地2419平方米。固定资产9182万元,流动资产4396万元,干部职工共376人,工程技术人员88人。博乐线上正网ProjectTeamonAnalysisofMacroEconomy*icsituationin2006include:theoverallleveloftheeconomicgrowthincreasedoverlastyear,andtheeconomicperformancessho,,,%,andtheindustrialenterprise,sincethelaterhalfof2006,economicperformanceremainedstableasawhole,withlittleposs:First,thefactorofdemandsupportingthefasteconomicgrowthhasappearedtobestrong,andconsumption,inparticular,tendstobemoreactive,thusbringingmoremotivepowertothedevelopmentofsuchterminalindustriesashousingandtransportationaswellasnumeroussmallandmedium-sizedenterprises;foreigntradesurpluscontinuestoexpand,drivingforththedomesticindustries,,thelowincreaseofpricessuggeststhatthemarketcompetitionhasbecomemorefierce,put,enterpriseshavemuchadaptedthemselvestothec,someindustrieswhichusedtobeconsideredinexcessofproductioncapacityhavescorednewdevelopmentafterstructuraladjustment,,outputofcementrose21%yearonyear,%yearonyear,,fromJanuarythroughAugust,profitsrealizedbythecementindustryrose135%yearonyear;%,t,andaselectionwillbeheldthisyearforlocalgovernmentsandPartycommitteesonexpirationofofficeterms,,thecentralgovernmenthasadoptedaseriesofcontrollingmeasuressincethisyear,focusingonstrengtheningcontroloverthenewlystartedprojectsandinputofmediumandlong-termloans,aswellasoverenergyconsumptionandenvironmentalpollutionandhasenforcedstrictmanagementofincomesfromlandsupply,andtheourqualitativeestimatesofvariouskindsoffactors,%andthepricesofhouseholdconsumergoodswillrisewithin2%.tOverrecentyears,Chinasforeig,China,;inthefirsthalfof2006,%%rowingimbalanceofpaymentsintheworld,whichisunfavorabletothestabilityofforeignexchangeratesandtheforeigntradeandforeigninvestmentenvironment,andhasresultedintheveisoneoftheconspicuousissu:oneistheexpansionofforeigntradesurplusandtheotherisinvestmentfromabroadtoChinaisbiggerthanChina,,itcanbeseenthatthereisstillabigpotentialforChinatobeadvantageousinlaborforceresource,thespaceforthedevelopmentofprocessingtradeisstillbigandexportwillstillmaintainafastgrowth;meanwhile,undertheinfluenceofthekeencompetitionindomesticmarketandthechangeinthestructureofimportedgoods(importofresourceproductsandhi-techproductshasincreased,whileimportofgoodsofordinarytechnologyhasreduced),,,itneedstobepointedoutthatelementsforrestrainingexportfromincreasingandfo:First,demandosmajortradepartners(15countriesofEuroarea,USA,Japan,SouthKoreaandChina’sHongKongSAR)hasacyclicalfluctuatingphenomenonof5years,afterDecemberof2004importdemandofthemajortradepartnershasenteredintoacyclicalshrinkingperiod,%%%%,thecon,inSeptemberof2006,%,%%(Julyof2006).Thecontinuousappre,thepolicyfactorsuchascancellationofexporttaxrefundforh,worldtradeconflictshaveaggravated,,increaseinimportof,in2005,%,%%;increaseinimportofcrudeoilandoilproductshasbeenlow,evenreduced(%--17%),%%respectively,%%.Fromtheperspectiveoftheutilizationofforeigninvestment,itcanbeseenthatChina’seconomyhasgrowncontinuallyandrapidly,pricesoflaborforceandlandarelowandtheinvestmentenvironmenthasbeenimprovedcontinually,whichwillcontinuetoattractforeigninvestmenttoChina;meanwhile,undertheinfluenceofRMBappreciationandthegradualadjustmentandimprovementofthepoliciesforforeigninvestmentutilization,,fromJanuarythroughSeptemberof2006,,%,withinaperiodoftimeinthefuture,foreignexchangereservewillstillcontinuetoincrease,,,short-termpolicymeasuresshouldbeadoptedtostabilizethemacro-economyandmediumandlong-termstrategiesshouldbeworkedouttosolvethecontradictionofimbalanceofpaymentaswell.——Basedonaquestionnaireon230pharmaceuticalenterprisesByWeiJigang,,sPharmaceuticalIndustryCommonlyacknowledgedintheworldasahi-techindustrywithgreatdevelopmentprospects,thepharmaceuticalindustryischaracteristicoffastgrowth,enormousinvestment,substantivereturns,highrisks,highdegreeofinternationalization,markedeffectsofscaleeconomy,significantspillovereffects,sRepublicofChinain1949,andespeciallyovertherecent20-oddyearsafterthecountryinitiatedthepolicyofreformandopening-up,China,Chinahasbecomeamajorproducerandexporterofrawmedicinesandtheb,Chinaindependentlydevelopedsomeinnovativedrugs1withinternationalinfluences,spharmaceuticalindustryasawhole,however,hasnotmovedtoanot,ithascontributedfewpatentmedicineswithproprietaryintellectualpropertyright(IPR)andnoinnovativedrugwithinternationalinfluencesinthe,amongthe212brandsofchemicalmedicineswithproprietaryIPRwhichpassedexaminationandapprovalbetween2003and2005,,s230pharmaceuticalenterprisesjointlyconductedbytheResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,theEconomicConstructionDepartmentoftheMinistryofFinance,andtheDepartmentofIndustryandTransportStatisticsoftheNationalBureauofStatisticsofChinain2006hasalsorevealedthatonly3percentoftheseenterprisescountedthemselvesashavingcarriedoutorarecarryingoutdevelopmentofmedicinesthatwere‘new,competitioninthepharmaceuticalindustryhasbecomeincreasinglyintenseanddevelopmentofnewmedicineshasbecomeoneofthefocumentofnewmedicinesforthepurittletoxiceffects,minimalsideeffectsandreasonableprice,itwillbeverydifficultforChinaspharmaceuticalindustrytoachiev,theshareoflocalproduce,overhalfoftheChinesepharmaceuticalmarkethasbeentakarmaceuticalindustryfromthestrategicperspectiveofmaintaovationin230pharmaceuticalenterprisesinthecountry,andbytakingintoaccountthemechanismsandsystemscurrentlyservingtheindustrysdevelopment,thispapertriestoanalyzethemainfactorsleadingtotheextremelyinsufficienteffortsoninnovationinChinasph:extremeshortagesoffund,technologyandmanpower,andinappropriateorganizationInordertoinventnewmedicines,apharmaceuticalenterprisehastoputinandrationallyintegratemanykeyelementsincludingfund,technology,manpower,oftheinnovationprocess.(1)spharmaceuticalindustryisnotonlywellbelowthatofdevelopedcountries,,theintensityhasbeendecreasingcontinuouslyinrecentyears,,2006,theRDexpenditureofBritain,andthecorrespondingfiguresinFrance,Japan,,,theRDintensityofthepharmaceutica,market,,therewasnotasinglepharmaceuticalenterpriseintheworld,however,,ChinaspharmaceuticalindustrysufferedacontinuousdeclineinRDintensity,sPharmaceuticalIndustry。

    ByLuWei,,ationSystemKnowledgeinnovationreferstotheprocessofacquiringnewknowledgeofnaturalscienceandtechnologythroughscientificresearch(includingbasicresearchandappliedresearch).Theobjectiveofknowledgeinnovationistopursuenewdiscoveries,toprobeintonewrules,toestablishnewtheories,andoriginationsrelatedtoproducing,diffusingandtransferresearch-orienteduniversities,andotherhighereducationinstitutions,scientificresearchinstitutionsrunbyenterprisesandgovernmentagencies,;andtheknowledgeinnovati,especiallybasicresearch,hasalongcycle,andgreatuncertaintiesandrisks;ontheotherhand,itispublic-friendly,,,thegovernmentsofthosecountrieswithmaj:oneisinterest-orientedfreeexploringresearch,whichneednothavemarketorcommercialimpactsimmediately,yetmaybringaboutabreakthroughindiscoveryandformawholenewfield;,thecombinationofbasic,theinnovationmodelhaschanged,thedifferencebetweenbasicresearchandappliedresearchhasbecomesmaller,andthecontributiononthehi-techfieldhavecomeaboutthankstoth,importantinformationandcommunicationtechnologies,suchasglobe-widebroadbandinternet,internetbrowser,compatibletimesharingsystemofcomputer,intranet,andcomputerworkstation,wereallbroughtalongbysomeunexpecteddisc,butalsoisgoodforimprovingtheabilityofintegratedinnovation,andtheabilityoffurthe,thedevelopmentoftheMP3technologyshowsthat,lithiumbatteries,andLCDallcamefromachievementsandtechnologicalbreakthroughsinbasicresearchprojectsfundedbytheDefenseDepartment,theEnergyDepartment,theNationalScienceFoundation,NationalInstitutionsofHealthandtheNationalInstitute,itcanbeseenthatanotherimportanteffectofbasicresearchistoestablishaplatformtoassembleresearchpersonnelofhigherlevels,andtomaintainalargegroupo,thebasicresearchconductedbyAmericanuniversitiesattractedandassembledthebestresearchpersonnelfromallovertheworld,fosteringalargenumberofpeopleholdingbachelorsdegrees,mastersdegreesanddoctorsdegrees,andpost-doctoralresearchstaff,putinChinaTheChinesegovernmenthasalwaysattachedimportancetobasicresearch,,theCentralCommitteeoftheCPCissuedDecisiononEducationSystemReform,whichentrustedhigherlearninginstitutionswith"thetaskoftraininghigh-levelprofessionalsanddevelopingscientificandtechnologicalculture",puttingforwardthat"higherlearninginstitutionsandtheChineseAcademyofSciencesshoulderimportantresponsibilitiesconcerningbasicresearchandappliedresearch",andthat"basicresearchandappliedresearchshouldbecombinedwithpersonneltraining".Atpresent,38universitiesoutofover1,000havebeenapprovedbythestateasresearch-orienteduniversities;andinfact,someuniversitiesthathavenotgotthe,theLeadingGroupforStateScienceandEducationDevelopmentchosetheChineseAcademyofSciences(CAS)tolaunchapilotprojectforbuildingthenationalinnovationsystem,owledgeinnovationcenterofnaturalscienceandhightechnology,which,withpowerfulandsustainableinnovationability,targetingnationalstrategicgoalsandinternationalscienceandtechnologyfrontier;tobuildtheCASintoascientificresearchbaseofinternationalhighlevel,abaseoftraininghigh-leveltalentedpersonnelandpromotingthedevelopmentofChinashi-techindustries;andtobuilditintoanationalbasewiththeknowledgeofscienceandtechnology,anationalbasewithadvancedscientificoutlookandanationalbaseequippedwithtalentsofscienceandtechnology,,inadditiontotheexistingNaturalScienceFoundation,otherprograms,suchastheDevelopmentPlanoftheStateKeyFundamentalResearch(973Program)andtheSpecialProjectinEarlyStageonKeyProgramsofFundamentalResearch,tatekeylaboratories,theconstructionofkeydisciplinaryareasinuniversities,andtheconstructionofthebasicc(1)Theoverallscientificresearchexpenditurehasbeenconsiderablyincreasing,withitsproportiontotheRDinputdecreasing,,theoverallexpenditureonscientificresearchinChinanearlytripled,mentinsociety,theproportionofscientificresearchexpendituretoRDexpendituredroppeddistinctly,from33%atthebeginningoftheNinthFive-YearPlanto26%,theproportionoftheappliedresearchexpendituretothetotalRDexpenditureinChinafirstdroppedandthenrose,yetne,%peryearonaverage,alittlebithigherthanthatoftheRDexpenditure,%%%.(Table1)Table1ChangeofChinasRDExpenditureStructureDuringtheperiodofthe11thFive-YearPlanandevenbefore2020,China’ssupplyofpetroleumandnaturalgasislimited,coalsupplyisrestrictedbymanyfactors,andrenewablesourcesofenergyotherthanhydropowerhavesmallerdevelopmentscale,sothatenergyunder-supplywillrestrictChina’,’ile,aircraftandshipandas’snaturalgasproductionwillincreasefasterthancrudeoil,domesticnaturalgascannotmeetthedemandofeconomicdevelopmentfornaturalgnergysource,,,China’scoalresourcescouldguaranteesupplyinthemediumandlong-runandcanrealizebasicsupply-demandbalanceofcoal,buthigh-efficient,cleanandsafeassuranceofcoalsupplystillfacemanylimitingfactors,,Chinahasanenormouspotentialforhydropowerdevelopment,opmentanddrawnabasicconclusion:atascenariooflow-intensitydevelopment,’sinstalledcapacityofhydropowe,%in2004toabout30%in2020(seeFigure2),(seeFigure3),nearlytwicethatofChina’opowerinnationalinstalledcapacityofelectricity10-200米ByYuBaopingResearchReportNo201,2006WeundertooksomesurveysonresearchofruralareasinBijiePrefectureofGuizhouProvincefromApril19-27,2006,whichcoveredboththecityofBijieandthethreecountiesofDafang,ideasabouthowtoalle:development-basedpovertyalleviation,,theprefecturesinfrastructurefacilitieshavebeenconstantlyimproved,itspovertyalleviation-orienteddevelopmenthasbeeneffectivelypushedforward,itsurbanandruraleconomieshavebeendevelopinginac,,theprefecture,,,472,200tons,,225yuan,,876yuan,,,,nearly600,000remainpoor,,Bij,theprefecturestillhasaformidabletaskforpovertyalleviationandstillhastoworkhardifitistobasicallymoveoutofpovertyandreachthecountryaregionisstillplaguedbypovertydespiteyearsofhardworkinpovertyalleviation,themainfactoristhedisharmonybetweenmanandnatureintheregion,inadditiontotheinnateoracquire,thelocalnaturalandecolospoverty-strickenpopulationdroppedto28millionpeople,1,asolutiontothesetwocategoriesofpovertyistantamounttoabasicsolutiontoChina,80percentofthenationally-designatedpoverty-strickencountiesarelocatedinsixregions:thewinderosionanddesertificationareasonthesoutheastvergeoftheMongolianPlateau,theareasoftheLoessPlateausufferingseriousgullysoilerosion,theareasoftheQinlingandDabaMountains,thehillyareasofthesouthwestKarstPlateau,thealpinevalleysoftheHengduanMountains,,thenationalpopulationdensitywasabout136personspersquarekilometer,whileinBijiePrefectureitwasashighasmorethan270p,iventoensurethatnomoredamagewillbedonetotheecologlerespoverty-alleviationeffortsinthepastweremainlymadethrough"relief-basedpovertyalleviation"and"development-basedpovertyalleviation".Intheecologicallyfragileregions,however,resourcedevelopmentmaynotbeanoptimumortheonlyapproachforthngfarmlandtoforestry,thepopulationoverbur,ecologicalresettlementor"resettlement-basedpovertyalleviation",itisimperativetostudyaseriesofissuesandconductnecessaryexperiments,thetopprioritynowist1998floodresultingfromtheYangtzeRivermadeusrealizehowseriousourcountry,peasantsforeightyearsiftheirfarmlandwasreturnedtoecologicalforestry,fiveyearsiftheirfarmlandwasreturnedtoc,thebuildingofecologicalforestswasthemostimportantandmostcrucialportionoftheproject,,itisthetimenowtoreconsiderwhethercompensationshouldbestoppedoranewpolicyshouldbepromulgated.。

    必发体育appAccordingtotheindicessuchastheproportionofoverseasturnoversinthecompany’stotalturnovers,globalresourcesdistributionandoperationalcapability,enterprises’overseasoperationcouldbeclassifiedintothreestages–internationalized,,throughitspreliminarystudy,holdsthatChina’senterpriseswithoverseasoperationarebasicallyattheprimaryinternationalizedstage,asmallportionofenterpriseshasstartedtheirtransnationaloperation,andofthem,a’sentelizedoperationsarewidelydistributedamongtheindustries,andsomehighlyexport-orientedenterprisesinallindustriesarealmostatthisstage,alindustries,manyenterprises’proportionsoftheiroverseasmarkethavegrownconsiderably,manyenterpriseshavetheirownindependentdepartmentsresponsibledirectlyfortheirexports,andsomeenterpriseshavetheirownoverseasm’senergy,steel,andchemicalindustries,somelarge-scaleenterpriseshaveinvestedinoverseasresourcebases,manyenterprisesareconductingexportandoverseasoperations,,telecommunicationsandtrade,somelarge-scalecompanieshavemanyoverseasnetworkoutletsandbusinessactivities,theirmainbusinesses,however,ibutedintheindustrieswhicharehighlyinternationalizedandinwhichChina’senthaveaccountedforabigproportionoftotalbusinesses,andtheyhaveestablishedtheirmarketingser,electronic,’senterprisesinthiscategoryareusuallyhighlycompetitiveonthematuredoverseasmiddleandlow-grademarket,,andtheamountanddepthoftheiroverseasmarketingandmanufacturingnetworks,asmallnumberoflargeenterprisesinChina’sIT,electronicandelectromechanicalindusbalresources,however,theseenterprises,Huawei,TCLandHaierintheITandelectronicindustriesandWanxiangintheautomobilepartsindustryareactuallypioneeringenterprisesinthemoveofChina’,Lenovo,TCLandHaierhaveallcarriedoutmergerandacquisitionactivitiesontheoverseasmarket,andWanxianghasbeguntomakeinvestmentoverseasfrom1992andhasacquir’sEnterprisesCarryoutTransnationalMergerandAcquisition:AnObservationandPreliminaryAnalysisTransnationalMAisanimportantwayforente,China’senterprises,especiallyforthoseenterprisesintheautomobile,IT,electronic,energyandsteelindustries,lytoobtainnaturalresources,andtransnationalMAbyenterprisesintheautomobi,particularlyMAactivitiesforthepurposeofobtainingnaturalresources,themajorityofdomesticpeoplecouldunderstandtheirmotivationsandconditions,,becausetheymainlytargetattheoverseasmarketandmainlyacquireintangibleassetssuchasbrands,channelsandRDteams,orinotherwords,softassets,peopleinCmarketshares,includingthehigh-endmarketshare,’businessoperationsbyChineseenterprisesisa"frog-leap",andthenormalprocessshouldbeexports→establishmentofoverseasmarketingnetworks→establishmentofoverseasplants→ionalMAbyChineseenterprisesismainlytoacquiremarket(clients,channels),andthenstrategicassets(includingtechnology,brands,localservicecapability,manufacturingcapability,intellectualpropertyrightsandRDcapability)andefficiencyoflargescaleproduction(synergeticeffect).ThoseMAactivitiesaremainlyMAintermsofstockandassets,butinessence,ghtrelationshipafterMA,andtheseniormanagementsfrombothpartiesjointlyformtheseniormanagementofthenewcompany,anditismainlya"friendlyMA."TheWanxiangCompanyintheautomobilepartsindustryconductedseveraloverseasMA,forexpandingandaccumulatingknowledgeabouttheoverseasmarket,China’slargeenterprises’overseasoperations,China’slargeenterprisesconductoverseasMAmainlyaimedatobtainingmarketshareandstrategicassets,andimprovingefficiency(SeeTable2),whichenjoythesimilarmotivationoftheITenterprises’,particularlyadvancedenterprisesamongthem,begintoconductoverseasMAbeforebuildingastrongerfootholdonthedomesticmarketThepreliminaryanalysisofChina’sITenterprisesfoundthattherearethreemajorreasonsforChina’senterprisestobegintransnationalMAbeforebecomingstrongeronthedomesticmarket:China’senterprises’certaincomparativeadvantagesinsomefields,strategicchoiceconformtothechangesinindustrialenvironment,andtheawarenessandentrepreneurshiptoseizetheglobalizedopportunities.ByXuHongqiangResearchReportNo215,2006In1996,China’,itssteelproductionrosefurtherto222milliontonsandbecametheonlyco,China’ssteelproductionshotupto349milliontons,’,Chinacontributedtwo-thirdsoftheincreasedamountofworldsteelproduction,withthecountry’’ssteelproductionanditsshareinworldsteelproductionwentup,thecountry’’,therapidgrowthofs’ssteelproductionandtrade,’sSteelTradeTherapiddevelopmentofChina’’ssteelproductionhasco’ssteelproductionandthechangesinitssteelsupply-demandrelationshaveproducedanincreasinglygreaterimpactontheworldsteelmarketthroughsteeltrade,steeltradehasalsobecomeincreasinglyimportanttoChina’sforeigntradeandtothedevelopmentofthecountry’’ssteeltradegrowsrapidlySincetheChineseeconomyenteredanewroundofgrowthin2002,thecountry’,’,,theaddedvalueofChina’enationaltradevol,China’Lüormandopening-upwasimplemented,Chinahasdeveloped,stepbystep,acomparativelycompleteIPR-relatedlegalsystemandasystemforIPRmanagement,,ascomparedtohundredsofyearsithastakeninthecaseofWesterncountries,,,however,istheex,IPRdevelopmentindifferentregionsandsectorsisunbalanced,andgreatereffoalpracticehasbeendeveloped,andIPRmanagementandlaw-enforcingsystemswithChinesecharacteristicshavebeencreated,althoughsomesupplementarylawsandregulationshavenotbeenworkedoutyetandthemanagementandlaw-enforcingsystemscallforfurtherimprovementSofar,ChinahasdevelopedacomparativelycompletesystemofbasicIPRlaws,alt,forinstance,anyanti-monopolylaws,odification,,lawsareenforcedbybothjudicialandadministrativedepartmeesandsectorsandlotsofdepartmentsinChinaareinvolvedintheundertakinginonewayoranother,thecurrentsystemofmanagementcharacterizedbyisolatedoperationscannotprovidesufficientchannelsforcommu,thecoordinatingroleofpoliciescannotbebroughtintodueplay,andisolatedexerciseofmanagementatmultiplelevelsoftenleadstolegislativeconflicts,oversteppingofmanagementpower,,theChinesesocietyasawholehasnotyetbecomefullyawareofIPRprotectionorcapableoftakingadvantageoftheIPRsystemChineseenterprisesandindustriesarepresentlyexposedtotagesinlaborforceanddevotingconstanteffortstoinnovationcantheseenter,neitherhaveitsenterprisesnoritss,itsenterpriseshavenotyetbecomed,98-99percentofChineseenterpriseshaveneverappliedforanypatents,,mostenterpriseandinstitutionalunitsinChinahavenotyetcompletedtheirIPRmanagementsystems,andarenotcapableo,theymayinfringeupontheintellectualpropertyrightsofothersatwillorunconscientiously,andontheother,theydonotkn,Chineseenterpris,forinstance,igincomesintermsofIPRprotection,itremainsatalowlevelintermsofenforcementofIPRlawsandregulationsandclingstolocalprotectionismtosomeextent(1)Chinahasapproachingthelevelofdevelopedcountrieswhenratedaccordi,Chinastoodaroundthe20thamongthe110countriesintheworldin1993intermsofitsindexofpatentprotectionlevels,,ChinacameneartoGermany,theRepublicofKoreaandJapaninthisfield(Table1).Althoughwhatiscoveredintheindexaremainlycontentsofthelegalsystemtherangeofprotectionandthelaw-enforcingmechanismandtheycannotfullyreflecttheIPRprotectioncapacityofacountry,theyhavereflectedt博乐线上正网重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByLinZeyan,LiuLihui,LiChunmiaoTianXiu,,2007Inthemid-andlate1990s,abatchofextremelylargecentralenterprises(groups),whichmeanttheperformingassetswithhighgrowthpotentialswerelistedonthestockmarketsandthenonperformingassetsandredundantp"toleaveworkpostandrestathome".Article9oftheRegulationsonthePlacementoftheRedundantPersonneloftheState-OwnedEnterprisespromulgatedbytheStateCouncilin1993provides:"Withpersonalapplicationandcorporateemployersapproval,theworkerswhohavelessthanfiveyearsl,theenterprisespaylivingallowancestothem."Therefore,earlyretirementwasaformoflabormanagementusedbytedundantcorporatepersonnel,,thepracticetostripoffthenonperformingassetsandredundantpersonnelandgettheperformingassetslistedonthestockmarketsfailedtofundamen,itwasastopgapmeasureto"shelfthepersonnelissue".Currently,theissueofearly-retiredpersonnelinsomeextremelylargece,mostofthenon-listedenterprisesareunabletooperatenormallyandar,ifthepubliclylistedcompaniesarerequestedtoraisefundsthroughthestockmarketsandusetheirbusinessrevenuetoback-feedthenon-listedcompanies,icultpositionandhowtopreventtheissueofearly-retiredpersonnelfrombecomingaggravatedisamajorissuethatmustbepro,howtodealwhole,thepracticalproblemsconfrontingtheearly-retiredpersonnelofthestate-ownedenterprisescanbeclassifiedas"oneplenty,twolowsandthreehighs"."Oneplenty",ChinaMobilealonehasabout20,000early-retiredpersonnel."Twolows"meanstheearly-retiredpersonnelarenotedforlow-levelknowledgeandskillsandlow-levelincome."Threehighs"meansalargenumberoftheyoungandmiddle-agedearly-retiredpersonnelhavetofaceahighemploymentthreshold,,theearly-retiredpersonnelarethemostcomplicated,eof"earlyretired"personnelofthestate-ownedenterprises,mostplacesandunitshavestrictlycompliedwiththethreeconditionsspecifiedintheRegulationsonthePlacementoftheRedundantWorkersoftheState-OwnedEnterprisespromulgatedbytheStateCouncilandotherrelatedlaws,;theymustpresenttheirwrittenapplications;ageforearlyretirementtoapplyforearlyretirement,underthepretextsoftakinginfreshblood,boostingvitality,,theseplacesandunitsarbitrarilyarranged"earlyretirement""efficiencyboostingbystaffcutting"ersuadedtheworkerstoretireinadvance,luredorarbitrarilyforcedtheenterprisestoaccepttheearlyretirementtargets,andeveneasedthestate,theincomegapbetweentheearly-retiredpersonnelandtheworkersinactiveserviceofthelistedcompanieshasbee:theirincomesarelow,gidleathome,,utesforarbitr,theworkersofthestate-ownedenterprisesareclearlymorehostileandoftenresorttosomeirrationalwayssuchascomplainingtohigherauthoritiestovoicetheirgrievances,duetotheirideologicalconcept,policyunderstanding,(municipalities),theearly-retiredpersonnelhavelodgedfrequentgroupcomplaintstothelistedcompaniesortheregionalgovernmentsintheirprovincesoreventothecorpo,itwillhaveanunfavorabl,,thestate-ownedcorporategroupsdealwit,thenon-listedenterpriseshavetoassumetoomuchcorporateliabilitiesbutrecmpositionofsuchpersonnel,thenon-listedenterprisesfacetwomajorresourceconstraints:insufficientadministrativeandorganizationalresources;hugecapitalgapandgrosslymismatchingbetweenresources,ndinlightofthescientificapproachtowarddevelopmentandbuildingaharmonioussociety,therightoftheearly-retiredpersonneltosharethefruitofreformanddevelopmentmustberespectedThescientificapproachtowarddevelopm,ruleoflaw,fairness,justice,honesty,love,vitality,socialstabilityandharmoniouscoexistencebetweenmanandnature,priorityeffortsshouldbemadetosolvetheissuesthataremostrelevant,,problemsandtheircausesthathaveimpactsonsocialharmony,tomoreactivelyfaceandsolvethecontradictions,tominimizethefactorsdestabilizingharmony,ourseofreformanddevelopmentofthestate-ownedenterprises,theenterprisesmustworkhardtosolvetheirproblemsinkeepingwiththescientificapproachtodevelopmentandthebasicrequirementsofbuildingaharmonioussocietyandwithastrongsenseofresponsibility....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLinJiabin,,2006TheEconomicSocialAffairsDepartmentoftheOfficeoftheStateCouncilLeadingGroupforWesternDevelopmentandtheResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCounciljointlycarriedoutthe"StudyontheCountermeasuresforImprovementofRuralPublicServicesintheWesternRegion".Basedontheresearchfindingsofthestudy,weproposedthefollowingviewsandrecommendationsregardinghowtospeedupteWesternRegionTheobjectiveof"equalizationofpublicservices"isexpresslyproposedforthefirsttimeinthe"RecommendationsoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaontheFormulationofthe11thFive-YearPlanfortheDomesticEconomicandSocialDevelopment".InviewofthepracticalsituationofChina,thesignificantanddifficultpointsofrealizingtheobjectiveofequalizadway,basedontheobjectiveof"equalizationofpublicservices",itisofgreatsignificanc,itistheemarkabledifferencefromthenationalaveragelevelalareasofthewesternregioncouldenableittograduallyapproachandcatchupwiththenationalaveragelevel,andthereforefulfilltheobjectiv,itisrequiredforbridgingthegapofresidentswelfarebetweendifferentareasandurbanandruralareas,welfareistofulfilltheequalizationofbasicpublicservicesbymeansofgovernment,itistoguaranteethatsuchbasicpublicservicesastheminimumsocialsecurity,fundamentaleducationandbasicmedicalandhygieneconditionswillcoverallthepopulationsothatnthereductionofthegapofcurrentresidentswelfare,butmoreimportantly,,suchaseducationandmedicalandhygieneconditions,areinfactequivalenttotheinvestmentinputintohumanresources,and,id,greatachievementshavebeenmadeintermsoftheinfrastructureconstruction,improvementofecologicalenvironment,developmentofscienceandededontheobtainedachievementsandimplementthescientificconceptofpressingaheadthepeople-oriented,comprehensive,harmonizedandsustainabledevelopmentputforwardbytheCPCCentralCommittee,iti,whilethelarge-scaleinfrastructureandecologicalenvironmenthavewitnessedobviousimprovement,theunder-developmentincertainareasthatarecloselyconnectedwiththepeople,transportation,hospitalizationandschoolingandthemonotonousanddullegion,toupgradefullythequalityoflifeandwelfarelevelandtoenhancethedevelopmentcapacityofthefarmersinthewesternregionsho,itisrequired,,theruralareasofthewesternregionarealsotheplaceswheremostoftheethnicm,toeliminatethegapofthebasicpubicservicesbetweenthisareaandtheothersandrealizetheequalizationofpublicservicesisnotonlyanobjectivedemandforbuildingawell-offsocietyinanall-roundwaybutalsotheursofthepublicservices,therearegreatgapsofpublicservicesbetweendifferentareasandtheurbanandruralareasinChina,:,,,ity,%%ofadministrativevillagesinthe,065townshipsand51,426establishedvillageshavenopassengertransportation,%%ofthecountry/,thepoortransportation,inferiorroads,badtrafficconditionsandgreatamountofgritroadsurfacesintheruralareashaveseriouslyrestrictedtheeconomicdevelopment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByZhangChenghuiResearchReportNo143,’sBankInsuranceBankinsuranceingeneralreferstothefactthatthelifeinsurancecompaniesusethenetworkandcustomerresourceso,activelydevelopingbankinsurancecandiversifytheirservicecontents,ex,thebankscantakeadvantageofthecustomersoftheinsurancecompaniesandtapthepotentialofthereso,utilizingthevastoperatingnetworksofthebankstosellinsuranceproductscanreducetheirmarketingcostandexpandtheirmarketbytakniescanimproveoperatingefficiencyandproduce"win-win"resultsthroughresourcesharing,rashighas10percentofthe,thepremiumincomef,SpainandPortugal,’sHongKong,Singaporeandotherplaces,,bankinsurancehasalsodevelopedrapidlyandhasbecomeanimportantmarketingchannelforthelifeinsurancecompaniessincethe,thevolumeofbankinsurancebusinessa,itrecoveredvigorouslyattheendof2005,,ChinaLifeInsuranceCorporationsawitsbankinsurancebusinessrisingby121percentyear-on-yeturenatureofbankinsuranceinChinaandthefoundationfor,thebankagencychannelhasbecomeascarceresou,thebanksareinanadvantageouspositionan,theinsurancecompaniesalsohavetopayincentivefeestothebankinsurancesalespersonsandmanycommercialban,thebankagencyproductsoftheinsur,single-payment,participatingproducts,,theins,eensavingsandinsurance,andsomesalespersonsexaggeratetheyieldsofbankinsuranceproductsanduseerroneousyieldcalc,sarehandledmanually,theflowofinsurancepoliciesisslowandt,thecurrentcooperationbetweenbanksandinsurancecompaniesmainlyadoptsthemethodsof,suchasinquiry,contractsecurity,policyloan,policyamendmentandclaimssettlement,,ngmechanismsfortheircooperation;thebankshavenotyetincorporatedbankinsuranceoperationsintotheiroveralldevelopmentstrategies;theinsurancecompaniesmerelytakebankinsuranceasamarketingmode,emphasizeonthebrandeffectof,romeachother,therivalryfortheagencyoutletresourcesofthebanksbecomesanimportandoperationscansavetransactioncost,ndthefinancialinstitutionsspeeduptransformation,integratedoperationscanincreasethecompetitivenessofChina’,withthedeepeninginstitutionalrestructuringofChina’sstate-ownedcommercialbanksandtheimprovementoftheirinternalgovernance,thecommercialbanksareremoldingtheirmodeofprofitabilityan,,integrgementCompaniesbyCommercialBankswaspromulgatedin2005,,whichwasthefirstinsurancecompanyinChina’sbankingsector,,integratedoperationswillbecomeamaintrendinthedevelopmentofthefinancialindustry.ByLvWeiResearchReportNo060,2006TheProposalbytheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaonFormulatingthe11thFive-YearPlanforNationalEconomicandSocialDevelopmentpointedoutthat"theenhancingoftheindependentinnovationcapabilitiesshouldbetakenasakeylinkofthestrategicmotifofscientificandtechnologicaldevelopment,thereadjustmentofindustrialstructureandtheshiftofthegrowthmode".Therecently-releasedNationalProgramoftheMedium-andLong-termDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology(2006-2020)hasoutlinedthegoalsofbuildinganew-typestate,andtheprioritytasks,keypoliciesandmeasuresregardingthereformofscientifictothenationalcTheeconomicglobalizationandknowledgeshiftedfromtheconditionsofnaturalresourcesandcheaplaborinthepasttoalizationprocess,Chinahasenteredahistoricalperiodwhenithastorelymoreonscientificpreofimportingandcopyingtechnologytothecombinationofindependentresearchanddevelopment(RD)withtheimportoftechnologyOverquitealongperiodoftimeinthepast,thesourceoftechnologyofthemajorityofChineseenterprise,thespendingonRDexceeded100billionRMByuan,accountingformorethan1%,%,theproportionofbasicresearchandapplicationresearchregisteredaslightincrease,andthetechnologicalsupplycapabilitieshavebeenimprovedsteadily(SeeTable1).hrateof25%%,thereemergedanumberofdominatingenterpriseswhosedevelopmentandparticipationininternationalcompetitionweredrivenbyindependentinnovation.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByYuanDongming,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo,093,(ZGC)IndustrialAlliances:TheInnovationSystemofZ-ParkAfterovertwodecadesofdevelopmentandexploration,Z-Parkhasdevelopedintoaworldfirst-ratescienceparkfromtheoriginal"ElectronicStreet";ithasgraduallymovedintotheendogenousdevelopmentphasewithenterprisesasthemainbodies,withthecombinationofpolicy,production,studyandresearch,andbasedoninstitutionalinnovationfromtheextensivedevelopmentphasefocusingonattractingmerchantsandimportingfunds,landtransferand"trade-industry-technology";ithasblazedanindependentinnovationdevelopmentpathofnewandhightechnologieswithenterprisesasthemainbodies,andhasinitiallyformedanopenregionalinnovationsystem,Z-Parkisfacedwiththeglobaltechnologicandinternationalmultinationalsarebecomingincreasinglyfierce,sotheunitedinnovationrelyingonZGCinnovationshina,ZGCinnovationsystemisanimportantpartofChinasinnovationsystem,holdsasignificantstrategicstatusinthelong-termplanofthedevelopmentofaninnovativecountry,andisamagnificentstrategicbreakthroughforChinatofacethechallengesandopportunitiesofglobalizationandknowledgeeconom,ZGCinnovsinthecountry,with68famousuniversitiesrepresentedbyPekingUniversityandTsinghuaUniversityand270scientific,22nationalengineeringresearchcentersand20nationalengineeringandtechniqueresearchcenters,whichaccountfor28%,22%and20%respectivelyofthecountry,,ZGCin,000enterprisesinthepark,mostofwhicharehi-techones,andover4,,ZGCinnovationsystempos,havingestablishedninenationaluniversityscienceparks,eightopenlaboratoriesandnationalengineeringandtechniqueinnovationbases,andboastscapitalpoliticalresources,includingpolicies,,ZGCinnoianbusinessofsomemultinationalsarelocatedinBeijing,an,,governments,Z-Parkreceivedstrongsupportfromthecentralgover,theStateCouncilputforwardrequirementsonstrengtheningZ-Par"Twenty-threeSuggestionsontheFurtherDevelopmentofZhongguancunSciencePark",anddecidedto"furtherdevelopZhongguancunScienceParkwitheffortsofthewholecity".inZGCin2002,over20industrialalliancesoffivevarietieshavebeenfoundedinZGCregion,includingRDcooperation,technicalstandard,industrialchaincooperation,,,includingsoftware,integratecircuit,communication,internet,newmaterials,biologicalmedicine,culturaloriginality,environmentprotectionandmobilephoneanimation,someofwhicharethecurrentpillarindustriesinZGC,,whichareundergrowingperiodorleap-froggingdevelopmentphase,inChinatorefertosincethedevelopmentofZGCindustrialalliancesistakingtheleadinthecountry,anddomesticlawsandregulationsonindustrialalliancesdevelopmentareincomplete,soallmainbodiesofa,governancemethods,.MainreasonsfortherapiddevelopmentofZGCindustrialalliancesFirst,ZGCisthefirst-rateregionalinnovationsysteminChina,withwillingnessandfoundationofthecooperationamongproduction,,thereareplentyoforiginalinnovationswhichareinneedofindustrializationandresearchinstitutionsareinneedofes,plentyofvigorousinnovativeenterprisesinZGCneedalliedinnovationtoenhance,inZGC,theindustrialstructurefocusingonhi-techindustries,especiallytheinformationindustryhasobjectivedemandsonindustrialalliances.(1)TheRDofnewhi-techindustriesneedshighcostsandhasgreatrisks,andenterprisesneedalliedinnovationtosharethecostsandrisksofinnovation.(2)Thetechnologiesofhi-techindustrieshaverapidprogress,shorttransitionalperiodandmanycommons,andcooperationamongproduction,studyandresearchshouldbestrengthened.(3)vidualenterprises,butalsocompetitionamongindustrialchainsandtechnicalstandards,,therapiddevelopmentofZGCindustriala,thereareplentyofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)aswellasleadingenterprisesineachindustrysuchasLenovo,VimicroandDatang.(1)Thoughleadingenterprisesineachindustryareaheadofthecountry,theyarestillinacomparativelyweakpositionininternationalcompetition,andarerestrictedbyforeignenterprisesinintellectualpropertyrightandtechnicalstandards,,suchastheIntelligentGroupingandResourceSharing.(2)ThoughSMEshavestronginnovativevigor,theyaresmallinscaleandweekinstrength,,theyneedalliancetoachievescaleeconomyandobtaincertainmarketaccess....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、博乐线上正网用户至上万胜博国际手机安装ByXuanXiaoweiResearchReportNo110,’:cultivatedlan[1]includingcultivatedland,water,forestry,energyandmineralreservesarefairlyhigh,’,,,,enlargerpopulation,theresultisthatthepercapitaposs,China’,’sover2,’spercapitapossessionofwaterresourcesisonly1,856cubicmeters,hortageofwaterresources,’,therdistinctfeatureofChina’’snationalterritoryandthedramaticdifferencesinthegeographicenvironmentandconditionsofvariousregionshaveledtotheextremeunevennessofthenaturalresourcedistributionamongvariousregions.’sGrainDemandChinasgrainconsumptioncould,accordingtothepurposeofuse,beclassifiedintofourmaincategories:grainforresidentconsumption,grainusedasfodder,grainusedasseedsandgrainforindustrialuse,,demandforgrainalsoincludesdemandforexport,theneedforchangesandadjustmentofgrainstock,,grainconsumptioncouldalsobedividedinto:generaldemandforgrain,mainlyconsumptionbyordinaryconsumers;demandforqualityandspecialgrain,mainlyusedforgrainconsumptionbyhigh-incomeresidentsandspecialprocessingdemandofenterprises;consumptionofcommoditygrain,thatis,grainconsumedinthecirculationfield,excludinggrainproducedandsoldbythefarmers;andgrainusedasfodder,thatis,,China’sgrainconsumption,atthetimeofasteadyincreaseoftheconsumptionbasefigure,alsodevelopedsuchfeaturesandtrendsastheinter-actionbetweenthequantityandqualityofconsumption,continuingevolutionofconsumptionstructure,continuingincreaseofthe:First,consumptionbyresidentsisdroopingyearbyyear,itsproportioninthetotaldemandisalsodropping,,annualconsumptionofgrainbyurbanresidentsonaveragedroppedfrom95kilograms10yearsago(1995)toabout79kilograms,aper-capitadropofmorethan15kilograms;,el,butbytheresidents’growingdemandformorenutritiousfoodsuchasmeat,poultry,,theconsumptionofediblevegetableoilincreasedbyalargemargin,,in2003,urbanresidents’,,,,,,,;,%,grainconsumptionwasabout20kilogramswhentheyateout,,theconsumptionofgrainusedasfodderincreasedconstantly,,thecountry’svolumeofdemandforgrainusedasfodderwas76milliontons,anditincreasedto128milliontonsin2003,%oranannualgrowthofaboutfivepercentagepoints.ChengXiusheng,WangHui,—theEssentialRequirementforDevelopingandFurtherOpeningupBinhaiNewAreaIn2006,thepolicyofdevelopingandfurtheropeningupBinhaiNewAreahadbeenintegratedintotheoverallnationaldevelopmentstrategy,thusentrustingagreatmissiononBinh,followingShenzhenSpecialEconomicZoneandShanghaiPudongNewArea,,todevelopBinhaiNewAreaintothethirdengineforregionaleconomicgrowthunderthenewdomesticandinternationalsituations,wemustbringforthnewideasaboutregionaldevelopmentpattern,conformtothetrendofeconomicglobalizationandregionaleconomicintegration,whicharegainingspeed,implementthescientificconceptofdevelopmentandthemajorstrategicconceptofbuildingaharmonioussocialistsocietyinanall-roundway;andactivelyexplorenewpatternsforscientific,harmoniousandinnovativedevelopment,soastoplayapromotinganddemonstratingroleinregionaleconomicandsocialdevelopmentintpattern,alivableandecologicaldevelopmentpatternplaysasignifica,alivableandecologicaldevelopmentpatternisthebasicrequirementfortheoveral,theStateCouncil,inthe"ReplyontheTianjinMasterPlan",explicitlydeterminedthenatureofTianjinasaneconomiccenteroftheBohaiSeaRimregion,aninternationalportcitycharacterizedbyeconomicprosperity,socialharmony,advancedscienceandeducation,soundinfrastructureandbeautifulenvironment,,inits"SuggestionontheRelatedIssuesofPromotingtheDevelopmentandOpening-upofTianjinBinhaiNewArea",theStateCouncilfurtherrequiredBinhaiNewAreatograduallybecomealivableandecologicalurbanareafeaturingeconomicprosperity,socialharmony,ainabledevelopmentofeconomy,society,population,,thelivableande,thelivableandecologicaldevelopmentpatternisthenecessaryrequirementforimplementingthesciencconceptofbuildingaharmonioussocialistsocietyinanall-roundway,BinhaiNewAreashouldmakemoreeffortstoadjusteconomicstructure,transformtheeconomicgrowthmode,conserveenergyresourcesandprotectenvironment,pressaheadwithreformsandopening-up,promotescientificandtechnologicalindependentinnovation,andpromotesocialdevelopmentandsolvepeople’ttachesmoreimportancetotheimprovementofpeople’slivelihood,promotesequalityamongthepeople,andstrikesproperbalancebetweenurbanandruraldevelopment,developmentamongregions,economicandsocialdevelopment,ectionofscientificandharmo,itistheessentialrequirementfortheimplem,thestateputsforwar,Tianjin,HebeiProvince,andtheBohaiSeaRimregion,increasingthelevelofopening-uptotheoutsideworld,andenhancingtheinternationalcompetitivecapacity;and,ontheotherhand,,enhanceindependentinnovationability,andincreasetheoverallcompetitivecapacityandtheabilitytopr,uselandefficiently,reduceenergyconsumption,increasetheinvestmentintensityandproductionefficiency,protectecologicalbalance,vigorouslydeveloprecycleeconomyinordertostrikeproperbalancebetweennature,economy,society,andecologicalenvironment,andprovidepreciousexperienceandago’swhyBinhaiNewAreamustexplorealivableandecologicaldeveltothebottleneckcausedbytheenergyandenvironmentalconditionsandthetraditionaleconomicgrowthmode,BinhaiNewAreaisfacedwithsomeprominentcontradictionsandproblemsinperfectingionmentalprotectionBinhaiNewAreaisfacedwith,meters,1/17ofthenationallevel,farbelow1000cubicmeters,,,(onemuisequalto1/6ofanacre).Andthesoilsuffersfromserioussalinization,,therearestillissuesarisingfromthecontradictionsbetweenindustrialland,,in2006,%ofthetotallandareaofBinhaiNewArea,%,%.ForBinhaiNewAreawithsuchdiversifiedecologicalandbiologicalresources,greatdamagecouldbedoneonitsecologicalsystembyhumans’large-scaleproduction-orienteddevelopmentactivities....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、DVORProjectTeamonAnalysisofMacroEconomy*icsituationin2006include:theoverallleveloftheeconomicgrowthincreasedoverlastyear,andtheeconomicperformancessho,,,%,andtheindustrialenterprise,sincethelaterhalfof2006,economicperformanceremainedstableasawhole,withlittleposs:First,thefactorofdemandsupportingthefasteconomicgrowthhasappearedtobestrong,andconsumption,inparticular,tendstobemoreactive,thusbringingmoremotivepowertothedevelopmentofsuchterminalindustriesashousingandtransportationaswellasnumeroussmallandmedium-sizedenterprises;foreigntradesurpluscontinuestoexpand,drivingforththedomesticindustries,,thelowincreaseofpricessuggeststhatthemarketcompetitionhasbecomemorefierce,put,enterpriseshavemuchadaptedthemselvestothec,someindustrieswhichusedtobeconsideredinexcessofproductioncapacityhavescorednewdevelopmentafterstructuraladjustment,,outputofcementrose21%yearonyear,%yearonyear,,fromJanuarythroughAugust,profitsrealizedbythecementindustryrose135%yearonyear;%,t,andaselectionwillbeheldthisyearforlocalgovernmentsandPartycommitteesonexpirationofofficeterms,,thecentralgovernmenthasadoptedaseriesofcontrollingmeasuressincethisyear,focusingonstrengtheningcontroloverthenewlystartedprojectsandinputofmediumandlong-termloans,aswellasoverenergyconsumptionandenvironmentalpollutionandhasenforcedstrictmanagementofincomesfromlandsupply,andtheourqualitativeestimatesofvariouskindsoffactors,%andthepricesofhouseholdconsumergoodswillrisewithin2%.tOverrecentyears,Chinasforeig,China,;inthefirsthalfof2006,%%rowingimbalanceofpaymentsintheworld,whichisunfavorabletothestabilityofforeignexchangeratesandtheforeigntradeandforeigninvestmentenvironment,andhasresultedintheveisoneoftheconspicuousissu:oneistheexpansionofforeigntradesurplusandtheotherisinvestmentfromabroadtoChinaisbiggerthanChina,,itcanbeseenthatthereisstillabigpotentialforChinatobeadvantageousinlaborforceresource,thespaceforthedevelopmentofprocessingtradeisstillbigandexportwillstillmaintainafastgrowth;meanwhile,undertheinfluenceofthekeencompetitionindomesticmarketandthechangeinthestructureofimportedgoods(importofresourceproductsandhi-techproductshasincreased,whileimportofgoodsofordinarytechnologyhasreduced),,,itneedstobepointedoutthatelementsforrestrainingexportfromincreasingandfo:First,demandosmajortradepartners(15countriesofEuroarea,USA,Japan,SouthKoreaandChina’sHongKongSAR)hasacyclicalfluctuatingphenomenonof5years,afterDecemberof2004importdemandofthemajortradepartnershasenteredintoacyclicalshrinkingperiod,%%%%,thecon,inSeptemberof2006,%,%%(Julyof2006).Thecontinuousappre,thepolicyfactorsuchascancellationofexporttaxrefundforh,worldtradeconflictshaveaggravated,,increaseinimportof,in2005,%,%%;increaseinimportofcrudeoilandoilproductshasbeenlow,evenreduced(%--17%),%%respectively,%%.Fromtheperspectiveoftheutilizationofforeigninvestment,itcanbeseenthatChina’seconomyhasgrowncontinuallyandrapidly,pricesoflaborforceandlandarelowandtheinvestmentenvironmenthasbeenimprovedcontinually,whichwillcontinuetoattractforeigninvestmenttoChina;meanwhile,undertheinfluenceofRMBappreciationandthegradualadjustmentandimprovementofthepoliciesforforeigninvestmentutilization,,fromJanuarythroughSeptemberof2006,,%,withinaperiodoftimeinthefuture,foreignexchangereservewillstillcontinuetoincrease,,,short-termpolicymeasuresshouldbeadoptedtostabilizethemacro-economyandmediumandlong-termstrategiesshouldbeworkedouttosolvethecontradictionofimbalanceofpaymentaswell.——AnalysisBasedontheInputOutputTableofChinafrom1987to2002ByLiShantong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCGaoChuansheng(TsinghuaUniversity)ResearchReport034,2007Producerserviceshavebecomethefocusofcurrentindustrialinternationalcompetitionandmajorvalue-addedandprofitpointintheglobalvaluechains(GVC).TheenhancementoftheirdevelopmentwillbetheimportantorientationforfacilitatingChina,someproblemsChinaseconomyhasencountered,suchasthechangeofextensivegrowthandlackofkeytechnologyandworld-famousbrandsinindustry,havetobesolvedthroughthedevelopmentandupgradingofproducerservices;ontheotherhand,thecurrenteconomydevelopmentpatterndominatedbymanufacturingindustrywithoutthesupportofacompleteandfunctionalproducerservicessystem,ha,r,basedontheinputoutputtableofChinafrom1987to2002,thisarticledefinesthespecificconnotationofproducerservicesinChina,evaluatesitsdevelopmentlevelandactualgrowthrate,andfurtheranalyzesitsinternalstructure,inanattempttoprovidebasicprinciplestoboostthetransitionandupgradingofChina(hereinaftermentionedasPS),oppositetoconsumerservicesthatdirectlysatisfytheultimateconsumptionneeds,areacategoryofservicesbasedonservicefunctions1,referringto"thoseservicesallocatedforothercommodityproducersandserviceprovidersastheintermediateinput"(GrubelWalker,1989),ultsofdomesticandforeignscholars,wedivideproducerservicesintotwodifferentapproaches:(1)inanarrowsense,wheretheterm"producerservices"aremostfrequentlyused,itreferstothoseservicesprovidedfortheprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustriesasanintermediateinput,namely,the"producers"thatPSaimedatrefertoallindustries,heinputoutputdiagram,namely,thehorizontalpartusedforvariousindustriesasanintermediateinput;(2)inabroadsense,allservicesnotdedicatedtosatisfytheultimateconsumptionneedsofconsumersareproducerservices,wherethe"producers"beingsatisfiedincludenotonlyallindustries,butalsogovernment,toftheinputoutputdiagram,namely,thehorizontaldifferenceofthetotalou,therearetwoformsofproducerservices:oneisthenon-independentformthathasnotbeenmarketizedbutinteriorizedinindustriesor(governmentalornon-governmental)bodies,theotheristheindependentformthathasundergonetheprocessofexternalizationandmarketization,namely,thePSindustry,"producerservices":,alargemajorityofindustriesprovideconsumerservicesandproducerservicesatthesametime,raisingtheconfusionthatwhichcategorytheybelongto;,typicalproducerservicesoutsideChinagenerallyincludefinancing,insurance,realestateandbusinessservices(hereinaftermentionedasFIRE).Somedomesticscholarsalsoregardrealestateasoneoftheproducerservices,whichcontradictstheuniquerealityofChina,whererealestatemainlysatisfiesthehabitationneedsofresidentscurrently,ratherthanthe,realestateindevelopedcountriesismainlyusedforrent,accountingforahighpercentageofinvestmentneeds;ersintermediateneedsforservices,,,ifatradeprovidesbothproducerandconsumerservices,,twoindicesareintroduced,namely"theintermediateuserate"and"thenon-residentultimateconsumptionrate",andtheanalysisofinput/tedontheintermediateuseoftheprimary,snupby,"theintermediateuserate"isappropriateforthedefinitionofthePSindustryinitsnarrowsense,while"thenon-residentultimateconsumptionrate"–thePSindustryhasanindexhigherthantheaverage,"Theintermediateuserate"andChinasPSindustryinitsnarrowsenseDefinedby"theintermediateuserate",%,%oftheoutputofserv,s,suchasurbanpublictransportation,restaurants,realestate,tourism,residentservicesandotherservices,education,sanitation,socialsecurityandwelfare,culture,arts,andbroadcasting,moviesandTV,sports,%,,forthereasonslikedatagatheringandthecurrentsituationoftheexpendituresubjectinChina,theintermediateuseratescalculatedforsomeindustries,suchasscientificresearch,professionaltechnologyandothertechnicalservices,managementofenvironmentalresourcesandpublicestablishment,publicmanagementandsocialorganizationandetc.,arenotsuitabletodecidewhichcategorytheyshouldbelongto,thus"thenon-residentultimateconsumptionrate"ishelpful....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.*Aphaseresearchresultof"InteractiveRelationshipbetweenProducerServicesandManufacturingUpgradinginChina",amajorprojectofCIDEG2006ofTsinghuaUniversity,1966andthendevelopedrespectivelybyBrowningSingelmannin1975andSingelmannin1978.BySuYangResearchReportNo072,2006The,theruralareasinChinawerenotedforalowlevelofindustrialization,,theenvironmentalproblemsinChina’sruralareasweremainlymanifestedindesertification,,however,ruralpollutionhasbecomeanincreasinglyseriousproblemasChinahasspedupthepa,lionsofruralpeople,butalsoeventuallyimpairedthelifeandhealthofurbanpeoplethroughwater,air,ntrysideasoneofitsgoals,solvingtheenvironmentalpollutioninthtionChina’sruralmodernizationinvolvestheintensificationandindustrializationofthemodeofproduction,theurbanizatio,toacertainextent,,whilethecountrymovesfromanagrariansocietytoanindustrialsociety,thestructureoftheruralindustrya,thesecondaryindustryfeaturingruralenterprisesha,townsandtownshipsandevennaturalvillagesareassumingthecharacteristicsofurbanizationandmakingtattheenvironmentalpollutionintheprocessofruralmodernizationcanbeclassifiedintothreecategoriesaccordingtothedifferentsourcesofpollution:ductionWithahugepopulationandscarcelandresources,Cisetheunitlandoutput,and,inadditiontothelargeramountofchemicalfertilizersandpesticidesconsumedintherapiddevelopmentoffruitandvegetableproduction,hasalsoturned[1].Convertedintounitcultivatedarea,theuseofchemicalfertilizersis40tonspersquarekilometers,,butalsoaggravatedtheorganicandeutrophicpollutionofthewate,surface-sourcedpollutioninmanyregionsGulfalsoindicatesthatthesourceofpollutionthathaseutrophicatedwaterbodiesmainlycomes,thesurface-sourcedpollutantsintheTaihuLakehasaccountedformorethanon,,ofwhich,,soilandfarmproducts,in2002indicatedthat20-60percentoftheproductswerefoundtocontainpesticidesand20-45percentofthemwerefoundtoexceedthelimits,,chemicalfertilizersandpesticideshaveturnedthepollutionofthewaterenvironmentinChina’seasternregionsfromtheconventionalpoint-sourcedpollutiontothecompoundpol,,morethan600,auforEnvironmentalProtectionindicatedt,s,thiskindofpoll,,becauseofthepopularizationofchemicalfertilizersandtheadjustmentoffuelstructure,ironmentbutalsocausesgreettlementsandthepoorenvironmentalmanagementAsmodernizationgainsmomentum,,newvillagesandnewhouses,planningandinfrastructureconstructionhavebeenlaggingbehind:,neglectingtheorganiclinksoftheseplanswiththeplansforlanduse,,thetownsandruralsettlementsei,thedomesticpollutantsfromthetownsandruralsettlementsaregenerallydischargeddirectlyintotheadjacentenvironment,makingtheenvironmentdirty,,theruraldomesticgarbagetotalingabout120milliontonsayearisalmostentirelypiledintheopenairandtheruraldom,theenviroreauforEnvironmentalProtectionindicatedthatexceptfortheair-pollutionindicator,allotherenvironmentalindicatorsoftheruralsettlementswerealreadyworsethanintheurbanareas.。

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