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    奔驰宝马手机app下载地址【ash368.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。兴化疑凑揪家庭服务有限公司(原汕尾旨戳建筑材料集团有限公司)成立于1991年,占地面积02671平方米,威廉平台注册其中生产厂房占地0522平方米,仓库面积占地8267平方米。固定资产2579万元,流动资产3160万元,干部职工共130人,工程技术人员04人。奔驰宝马手机app下载地址ByLuZhongyuan,,irst20yearsofthiscenturywillexperienceanewperiodforChinasdevelopment,capproachtodevelopmentandforbuildingaharmonioussociety,Chinasdevelopmentinthisperiodshouldplacegreateremphasisonthehumanisticcharacterandtherequirementofsocialharmony,ontheoverallcoordinationofdevelopment,onthesustainabilityandcontinuityofdevelopment,plementingthescientificapproachtodevelopment,forinnov,namelyrelyingonscientificdevelopment,emphasizingindependentinnovation,improvingsystemsandmechanisms,,theplanalsodefinescleartargetsforimprovingthequali,enhancedefficiencyandreducedconsumption,%,energyconsumptionforunitGDPwillbeabout20%lowerthanattheendofthe10thFive-YearPlan,waterconsumptionforunitindustrialaddedvaluewillbe30%lower,ecologicaldegradationwillbebasicallycontained,,thetargetforunitGDPenergy%%annualenergyconservationrateduringthe1980~,thefactthattherateofenergyconservationhasde,Chinashouldplaceemphasisonenergyconservation,consumptionreduction,pollutionreduction,,thecountryshouldvigorouslyupgradethetechnologicahetechnologicalcontentsandimprovethequalityofitseconomicgrowthandtransformassoonaspossibleeconomicgrowthmodecharacterizedbyhighinput,highconsumption,highemission,lowoutput,lowefficiency,,ifChinaistoacceleratetransformingeconomicgrowthmode,iturgentlyneedstotakeindependenttechnologicalinnovationasapowerfuldrivingforceandabasicfoundation,andneedstocontinuemarket-orient,Chinadectment,,Chinadecidedtoconductastrategiceconomicrestructuring,increasethecontributionofscientificadvancementandstructuraloptimizationtoeconomicgrowth,,thecountryhasmadeameasureofachievementsinchangingeconomicgrowthmode,withtheintensaveragelevel,,Chinawillplaceevengreateremphasisonconservingenergyandotherresourcesandenhancingtheefficiencyofresourceutilization,oncarryingoutindependentinnovationandincreasingthetechnologicalcontentofeconomicgrowth,onprotectingtheecologicalenvironmentanddevelopingtherecycleeconomy,ontakinganewapproachtoindustrializationandpromotingtheoptimizationandupgradingoftheindustrialstructure,andonintensifyingreformsinmoredifficultareasandf,thepriorityareastospeeduptransformingeconomicgrowthmodewillbemoreclearlyhModeInimplementingthescientificapproachtodevelopment,acceleratingthetransformationofeconomicgrowthmodeandmakingdevelopmentinvariousfieldsmorecomprehensive,coordinatedandsustainable,theeffortstoreformthefiscalandtaxsystems"construction-orientedfinance"prevalentintheperiodofplannedecoostrengthentheirpublics,ventionintheeconomy,whichisunfavorablefo,thepublicfinancesystemisnotsoundandthetransformatiosboundstoooften,andthespendingdesignedtomakeupthe"functionalabsence"inthepublicservicesectorremainsinsufficient,~2005period,theshareoffiscalexpenditureonscienceandtechnology,educationandhealthcare,%%....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.PopulationProportioninCitiesofDifferentScalesamongCitieswithaPopulationof100,000andabovein2000Data:TheChineseurbanpopulationdataarefromthepopulationcensusin2sandtheecologicalenvironmentundergreatpressure(1)itiesisonthelowside,,suchasJapanandSouthKorea,theinten~,~,~~ntdensityofthecentralbusinesscentersisallaround50,000~100,000persons/kmandthatofNewYorkreachesashighas240,000persons/,urbanstructuresarefeaturedmainlybylowbuildingsandthestereoscopicurbanlandspacesarenotfullyutilized,therefore,theroleoftheurbanspacesinaccommodatingp,,,whichisseriouslynotinlinewithChinasactualsituationofmorepeopleandlessland.(2)ters,andthereisadiscrepancybetweenthedevelopmentofurbaninfrastructurefacilities(includingcommunications),suchastheundergroundpipelinenetworksandtheenvironmentharnessing,isquitelagging,being,lypoorandtndhaveaddedtothetravelingandsocialoperationalcosts....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    XieFuzhan,LiuShijin,LuZhongyuan,ZhangLiqunLiJianweiByJinSanlinResearchReportNo009,2006In2006,ce,,TendingtoSlowDownFromJanuarytoFebruarythisyear,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,,thegrowthrateoftheunrecoveredbalanceofcapitalbyfinishedindustrialproductshasbeenonthedecline,andthistrendcontinuedintheperiodfromJanuarytoFebruarythisyear,indicatingrchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRC,theperformanceofupstreamindustriesandthemiddleinvestmentproductscontinuedtodropintheperiodfromJanuarytoFebruary,andthegrowthrateof,factorsthatleadtotheslowing-downofeconomicperformancemainlyinclude:First,theproblemofsurpluscapacityinsomeindustriesstillexists,andinparticular,surpluscapacityinsuchindustriesasironandsteel,cement,,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,;%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,’sexportgrowththisyearinclude:theworldeconomicgrowthmayslowdown,andthegrowthrateofimportofChina’smajortradingpartnerstendtodrop;tradefrictionsmayworsen;theRenminbiexchangeratemayrisebyasmallmargin;andChina’’sgrowthrateofexportwilldropslightly,andtheweakeneddrivi,thesupply-demandrelationshiptendstochangetothesituationwherethesupplyoutpacesthedemand,,thePPI(producerpriceindex)rose3%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,thepurchasingpriceofrawmaterials,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,;(consumerpriceindex)%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,roduceacertainshrinkingeffecttotheenterprises’st,consumptiondemandscontinuetorise,,alongwiththefasteconomicdevelopment,theincomelevelsofurbanandruralresidentsalsorosefast,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,andafterdeductingthepricefactor,%,continuingthetrendofanactualgrowthof12%registeredinthepreviousyear,,inthesaleamountofwholesaleandretailindustryabovethedesignatedquota,%,%%.Drivenbythedemandofresidentsforhouses,autosandelectronicinformationproducts,thebaseforasustainablegrowthofauto,realestate,electronicinformationindustriesissolidandfavorable,ofwhich,thedevelopmentoftheautoindustry,aftereliminatingitsinventoryandadjustingtheproductmix,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,,withmacrocontrolandadjustmentmeasureslastyear,irrationaldemandscausedbyspeculativeactivitiesarebeingbroughtundercontrol,,thepriceofcommodityhousescontinuedtorise,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,%,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,althoughthegrowthratedroppedslightlycomparedwiththatofthepreviousyear,,drivenbyconsumption,thedevelopmentofendindustriesaccelerated,therewa,localgovernmentsareallhighlyenthusiasticaboutspeedingupthedevelopmentrelatedtotheirrespectiveplans,thedemandsinallsectorscouldbetranslatedintoahugedemandforinvestment,andtherefore,,alongwiththechangeofenterprises’internalmechanismandthefiercemarketcompetition,investmentbye,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,higherthantheoverallgrowthrateofinvestment,ofwhich,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,an%,,thetotalengineeringandconstructionprojectsofurbanfixedassetinvestmentamountedto48,589,anincreaseof9,913overthesameperiodoflastyear;,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear;thenumberofnewlystartedprojectswas11,723,anincreaseof4,140overthesameperiodoflastyear;,%,althoughthegrowthofloanswasnothigh,moneysupplywasrelativelysufficient,,ofthegrowthrateofbankloans,short-termloanshaveregisteredthebiggestdrop,butmiddleandlong-termloanshaveallregisteredafastgrowth,indicatingthatfinancialin,thegrowthrateoffixedassetinvestmenttendstoaccelerate.ByLuWei,,ationSystemKnowledgeinnovationreferstotheprocessofacquiringnewknowledgeofnaturalscienceandtechnologythroughscientificresearch(includingbasicresearchandappliedresearch).Theobjectiveofknowledgeinnovationistopursuenewdiscoveries,toprobeintonewrules,toestablishnewtheories,andoriginationsrelatedtoproducing,diffusingandtransferresearch-orienteduniversities,andotherhighereducationinstitutions,scientificresearchinstitutionsrunbyenterprisesandgovernmentagencies,;andtheknowledgeinnovati,especiallybasicresearch,hasalongcycle,andgreatuncertaintiesandrisks;ontheotherhand,itispublic-friendly,,,thegovernmentsofthosecountrieswithmaj:oneisinterest-orientedfreeexploringresearch,whichneednothavemarketorcommercialimpactsimmediately,yetmaybringaboutabreakthroughindiscoveryandformawholenewfield;,thecombinationofbasic,theinnovationmodelhaschanged,thedifferencebetweenbasicresearchandappliedresearchhasbecomesmaller,andthecontributiononthehi-techfieldhavecomeaboutthankstoth,importantinformationandcommunicationtechnologies,suchasglobe-widebroadbandinternet,internetbrowser,compatibletimesharingsystemofcomputer,intranet,andcomputerworkstation,wereallbroughtalongbysomeunexpecteddisc,butalsoisgoodforimprovingtheabilityofintegratedinnovation,andtheabilityoffurthe,thedevelopmentoftheMP3technologyshowsthat,lithiumbatteries,andLCDallcamefromachievementsandtechnologicalbreakthroughsinbasicresearchprojectsfundedbytheDefenseDepartment,theEnergyDepartment,theNationalScienceFoundation,NationalInstitutionsofHealthandtheNationalInstitute,itcanbeseenthatanotherimportanteffectofbasicresearchistoestablishaplatformtoassembleresearchpersonnelofhigherlevels,andtomaintainalargegroupo,thebasicresearchconductedbyAmericanuniversitiesattractedandassembledthebestresearchpersonnelfromallovertheworld,fosteringalargenumberofpeopleholdingbachelorsdegrees,mastersdegreesanddoctorsdegrees,andpost-doctoralresearchstaff,putinChinaTheChinesegovernmenthasalwaysattachedimportancetobasicresearch,,theCentralCommitteeoftheCPCissuedDecisiononEducationSystemReform,whichentrustedhigherlearninginstitutionswith"thetaskoftraininghigh-levelprofessionalsanddevelopingscientificandtechnologicalculture",puttingforwardthat"higherlearninginstitutionsandtheChineseAcademyofSciencesshoulderimportantresponsibilitiesconcerningbasicresearchandappliedresearch",andthat"basicresearchandappliedresearchshouldbecombinedwithpersonneltraining".Atpresent,38universitiesoutofover1,000havebeenapprovedbythestateasresearch-orienteduniversities;andinfact,someuniversitiesthathavenotgotthe,theLeadingGroupforStateScienceandEducationDevelopmentchosetheChineseAcademyofSciences(CAS)tolaunchapilotprojectforbuildingthenationalinnovationsystem,owledgeinnovationcenterofnaturalscienceandhightechnology,which,withpowerfulandsustainableinnovationability,targetingnationalstrategicgoalsandinternationalscienceandtechnologyfrontier;tobuildtheCASintoascientificresearchbaseofinternationalhighlevel,abaseoftraininghigh-leveltalentedpersonnelandpromotingthedevelopmentofChinashi-techindustries;andtobuilditintoanationalbasewiththeknowledgeofscienceandtechnology,anationalbasewithadvancedscientificoutlookandanationalbaseequippedwithtalentsofscienceandtechnology,,inadditiontotheexistingNaturalScienceFoundation,otherprograms,suchastheDevelopmentPlanoftheStateKeyFundamentalResearch(973Program)andtheSpecialProjectinEarlyStageonKeyProgramsofFundamentalResearch,tatekeylaboratories,theconstructionofkeydisciplinaryareasinuniversities,andtheconstructionofthebasicc(1)Theoverallscientificresearchexpenditurehasbeenconsiderablyincreasing,withitsproportiontotheRDinputdecreasing,,theoverallexpenditureonscientificresearchinChinanearlytripled,mentinsociety,theproportionofscientificresearchexpendituretoRDexpendituredroppeddistinctly,from33%atthebeginningoftheNinthFive-YearPlanto26%,theproportionoftheappliedresearchexpendituretothetotalRDexpenditureinChinafirstdroppedandthenrose,yetne,%peryearonaverage,alittlebithigherthanthatoftheRDexpenditure,%%%.(Table1)Table1ChangeofChinasRDExpenditureStructure10-200米ByChenChangsheng,DepartmentofMacroeconomicResearch,theDRCHighsavingsrateisanimportantfactortosupportChina,anundulyhighsavingsratecancauseinsufficientconsumption,whichhasalsobecomeaprominentproblemaffectingthegrowthofChina,itcanhardlyworkouttarge,itshouldanalyzethestructuralfeaturesofpersonalsavings,andidentifywhichsectors,whatmassgroupsanrsWasMainlyAttributedtoHigherCorporateandGovernmentSavingsWhileRateofPersonalSavingsOnlyWentUpbyaNarrowMarginThechangestothefundflowtablewhichcanbestreflectthestructureofnationalincomedistributionindicatethatChina%%in2005(Chinabegantocompilefundflowtablein1992,andtheta).Thestructureofprimarydistributionindicates:first,theproportionoflaborpayrelatedtoaddedvaluehasbeenonthedecline,at62%in1993,47%in2004andslightlyhigherin2005;second,althoughpersonalsavingsratealsowentupslightly,itsproportionintotalsavingshasbeendroppingandthoseofenterprisesandgovernmentdepartmentshavebeenvisiblyrisingandpostinghighercontributionrates(Table1).Inparticular,orchangesinthepersonalincomerecei,therehavebeenetotheincomeofgovernmentdepartments(Table2).Meanwhile,ChinasGiniCoefficientcontinuedtorise,lyimprovedtheincomeofther,tosomeextent,me(%)。

    云鼎官网手机网页版ByZhangLiqun,LiJianwei,ChenChangshengLuZhongyuan,DepartmentofMacroeconomicResearch,theDRCInthefirsthalfoftheyear,th,thebottleneckrestraintswerealleviated,employmentincreased,themarketpriceswerekeptatareasonablelevel,theoveralleconomicbenefitoftheenterprisesturnedoutgood,,issuesliketheexcessivelyfastincreaseofinvestment,theexcessofmonetaryaggregates,theaggravationofthebalanceofpaymentsdisequilibrium,andthesoaringofhousingpricesbyabigmargininsomeofthecities,existedinthecourseoftheeconomicperformance,whichformedtheunderlyingthreatsagainstthest,economy%orsoandthathouseholdconsumerpriceindexwillrisewithintherateof2%.ngtopreliminarycalculation,,%year-on-year,edvalueof3968billionyuan,%year-on-year,,%year-on-year,,%year-on-year,%withthepricefactorbeingdeducted,,,investment,consumptionandexternaldemandgrewsimultaneouslyandrapidly,,supportedbythehighgrowthofinvestmentovertheyears,heavyindustriesandinfrastructureimprovedrapidly,bottleneckrestraintssuchasironandsteel,cement,nonferrousmetals,coal,electricityandtransportationweregraduallyalleviated,,theyear,%;%year-on-year;pricesforrawmaterials,%year-on-year,,industrialenterpri,up28%,,but,financial%,addingarevenueof309billionyuan,,,fulfilling56%and36%oftheyearuouscontradictionsincurrenteconomicperformancemainlyappearasfollows:,%,year-on-year,senttheChineseeconomyisstandingatthestageofmediumatmentgrowthisshrinkingin2006,itcanbeanalyzedonthebasisofthemediumandlong-termcyclical,98900newprojectswerestarted,adding18300onesoverlastyear;theplannedtotalinvestmentinthenewly-startedprojectsamountsto3650billionyuan,%year-on-year,,,attentionshouldalsobepaidtothemal"11thFive-yearPlan",andistheyearinwhichininvestmentandeconomicactivities,andtheyhavebeenveryenthusiasticinseekingprojectsandintroduciealestatedevelopment,une,balanceofthebroadenedmoneysupply(M2)hadamountedto32280billionyuan,%year-on-year,(M1)hadamountedto11230billionyuan,%year-on-year,,ifthewholeyearsGDPgrows10%,the:1,anapparentincreaseascomparedwiththatin2005(:1).Itsuggests,China,thecentralbank,byusingthehedgingonpublicmarket,,asforeignexchangecontinuedtoflowin,,thelargeamountsofbankpapersformedinthehedgingwillbeco,investmentsinvariousaspectshaveshownanupsurgingenthusiasmandthereisaboomingdemandforloans;bankspaymoreattentiontothefundprofitmarginandtheirinitiativeinreleaseofloanshasbecomehigher,,balanceofthevariouskindsofRMBloansamountedto21530billionyuan,%year-on-year,,theRNBloansincreasedby2180billionyuan,,ofwhich,,,andthemediumandlong-termloansincreasedby851billionyuan,,moneysupplygrewexcessivelyfast,withthemediumandlong-termloansinparticularstillshowingamomentumofrapiddevelopmentand,togetherwiththehighenthusiasmininvestment,itexertedanon-negligibleinfluenceonthestabilityofthemacro-economy.ByFengJieXuanXiaoweiResearchReportNo139,2006Thedegreeofregionalindustrialdivisionandindustrialcooperationcanreflectboththeresourceandindustrialadvantage’smanufacturingandfundamentalindustriesandthechangesinthisdistributioninrecentyearsandsummarizessomeofthenewprogress,’sManufacturingIndustriesHavePostedaRisingSpatialConcentrationIndexandtheManufacturingSectorasaWholeIsHighlyConcentratedThechangesinthespatialconcentrationindexofthemanufacturingindustriesareanimportantmanifestationofthetrendofindust’s20manufacturingindustriesin2003(alsocalledtheindustrialspatialGinicoefficient,whichmeasuresthedistributionofproductivity,namely,totaloutputvalues,ofvariousindustriesin31provincesandregions),,thehighlyconcentra(),chemicalfibers(),instrumentsandofficemachinery(),textiles(),electricmachineryandequipment()andmetalproducts().Therewe()andpharmacy().Intermsoftheprocessofchanges,Chart1indicatesthatmostmanufacturingindustr,,theindustrieswhosespatialconcentrationindexwasover10percenthigherwerepapermakingandpaperproducts()andchemicalfibers().Theindustrieswhosespatialconcentrationindexwasover5percenthigherwerechemicalrawmaterialandchemicalproducts(),foodprocessing(),electronicandcommunicationsequipment()andmetalproducts().Inthemeantime,therewpment(-)andtobaccoprocessing(-).Inaddition,foodproduction(-)andpetroleumprocessingandcokeproduction(-),theaboveinformationindicatesthatthedegreeofspecializeddivisionoflaborbasedonmarketcompetitionandonscaleofeconomywasconstantlyrising,butsomeindustries(suchastheauto,pharmacy,tobaccoandliquorindustries)werestillnotedforscattereddistributionofproductivityduetoth’sManufacturingIndustriesoverPastFiveYears,2008Ruralinfrastructureandpublicservicesystemconstitu,improvingruralinfrastructureandpublicservice,thegovernmenthasincreasedinp,theoutdatedruralinfrastructurehasnotwitnessedanymajorimproveme,thisurban-ruralgapcanbeattributed,toaverylargeextent,,inwhich"agricultureispromotedbyindustryandcountrysideissupportedbycity",ChinahasalreadypossessedthebasicconditionsandcapacitiestoshifttheemphasisofthecoyofpublicproductsinChinasruralareashaslongobservedthebasicprincipleof"self-reliancefirstandgovernmentsupportsecond".Thesupplyofruralpublicproductshasbeenmainlyrelyingonthepeasantsthemselves,,medicalcare,socialsecurity,publicinfrastructureandotherpublicservices,,itfatilthe16thPartyCongresswstructionofanewsocialistcountrysideasamajorhistorictaskanddecided,forthefirsttimeinhistory,"threereductions"(reductionofagriculturaltax,reductionoftaxonspecialagriculturalproductsandreductionofchargesforruraleducation)and"threesubsidies"(subsidiesforgrainproduction,seedsimprovementandthepurchaseofagriculturalmachines),aseri,thesupportofpublicfinancetoruraldevelopmentshiftedfromthepastnarrowscopeofagriculturalproducti,ruraleducation,health,culture,roadconstruction,drinkingwaterforhumansandanimals,anduralinfrastructureandsocialundertakingssincethe16thPartyCongress,ruralinfrastructureconstructi,,th,atotalof870,000kilometersofruralroadswereeitherconstructedorreconstructed,with580,,325,000kilometersofruralroadswereconstructedorreconstructed,458townshipsortownsand17,764administrativevillageswereconnectedwithhighways,and1,708townshipsortownsand43,,thetotalmileageofChina,%%oftheadministrativevillageshadbeenconnectedwithhighways,%%of,Chinas,,,,theconstructionofruralwatercontrolfacilities,featuringthewater-savingtransformationprojectsinthelargeirrigatedareas,thewater-savingirrigationdemonstrationprojectsandthewatercontrolexperimentsinthepastoralareas,,,,eachbeing300,000mu,,,,theareaundersprayirrigation,,andtheareaunderrain-collec%ofthetotallengthofvariouschannelsintheirrigationareas,eachbeingmorethan10,edCurrently,97%ofChinastownshipsandtownscanbeconnectedwiththeInternetand92%,thereareover6,"three-in-one"integratedinformationserviceplatformsthatincorporatetheadvantagesoftelephone,(county,townshipandvillage)informat%oftheadministrativevillagesacrossthecountry,,telephoneservicecovered13,740newadministrativevillages,,atotalof6700centralandgrass-rootsservicestationswereestablishedbyrelyingonthepubliclibrariesatvariouslevelsandtheculturalstationsatthetownship,ndthemoderndistanceeducationprojectforruralprimaryandmiddleschoolshaverespectivelybuilt197,000and181,,anationwidesductionandlife,andhaspreliminarilysolvedtheirdifficultiesinreadingbooksandwatchingmovies,andhasenrichedtheirspare-timeculturallife.奔驰宝马手机app下载地址重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,,businessesofthelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprisesSeparatingandreformingthesecondarybusinessesofthelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshasbeenoneofChina,2002,eightministriesandcommissionsincludingtheformerStateEconomicandTradeCommissionjointlyissuedtheImplementationMethodofSeparatingtheCoreandSecondaryBusinesses,ReformingtheSecondaryBusinessesandRelocatingRedundantPersonneloftheLargeandMedium-SizedState-OwnedEnterprises(hereinafterthe859Document).Ifthisdocumentisregardedasthedemarcationline,theprocessofsepara,separatingthecoreandsecondarybusinessesw"efficiencyimprovement".Itemphasizedtheseparationofthecoreandseco,the"freezing"and"isolating"approacheswereusedandthecoreandsecondarybusinesseswerenotreallyseparatedintermsofpersonnel,assets,businessoperation,,thesecondarybusinesseswerenotactuallyseparatedthoughdivided,,thelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprise,theyemphasizedtheliberalizationofthesecondarybusinesses,theseparationofthecoreandsecondarybusinesses,therestructuringecoreandsecondarybusinessesintheareasofownership,finance,centitieswithdiverseformsofownership,andtoestablishamoderncorporatesystemandastandardcorporategovernancestructure,,thelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshavemadetangibleprogressinseparatingtheirc,atotalof1,252largeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprisesnationwidehadseparatedtheircoreandsecondarybusinesses,,76enterprisesdirectlyunderthecentralgovernmenthadseentheirreformplansbeingapproved,whichinvolvedtherestructuringof4,879unitsandtherelocationof777,,theeastregionhasbasicallycompletedtheprocessofs,thecentralenterpriseshadhandedover1,528institutionsperformingsocialfunctions,86,000personnelinactiveservice,andretired49,000teachers(SpeechmadebyLiRongrongonJanuary25,2007attheNationalWorkingConferenceontheSupervisionandManagementofState-OwnedAssets).Theseparationandreformofthesecondarybusinessesofthelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshaverelocatedlargenumbersofredundantcorporatepersonnel,vigorouslypushedforwardtheinternalrestructuringofthestate-ownedenterpriseusinessesofthestate-ownedenterprises,specializingandmarketizingthesecondarybusinessesandboostingthevitality,,thelargeandmedium-sizedstate-o,theprogressisalsoattribrybusinessesandreformingthesecondarybusinessesoflargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprisesOverall,theworkisclosetoanendinseparatingthecoreandsecondarybusinessesandreformingthe,,someenterprisesthathavepreliminarilycompletedtheseparationofthecoreandsecondarybusinessesstillhavetofurtherre,continuedeffortsareneededtovigorouslypushforwardthisworkonth,thetasktoseparateandreformthesecondarybusinessesisstillveryheavyinthemonopolyindustries,suchaspower,oil,railway,tedreforms,thereformofthesecondarybusinesseswithintheenterpriseshavebeco,forexample,thereformin2002hasstrippedoffmost,thetwopowergridenterprisesstillhavemanyunitsengagedinthe"tertiaryindustry"and"diverseoperations",theyalsohavevariousunitsengagedinpowerdesign,,thereformtaskaheadforthisindustryisbothheavyanddifficult,andisoneoftheimporta,theyhavebasicallybeenstr,theChinaNationalOffshoreOilCorporation(CNOOC)hasestablishedsuchspecializedcompaniesastheChinaOffshoreOilCompany,theChinaOffshoreOilfieldServiceCompany,theOffshoreOilEngineeringCompanytheChinaOffshorePetrochemicalCompany,(CNPC)andtheChinaPetroleumandChemicalCorporation(SINOPEC),someenterprisesthathavecompletedtheseparationofthecoreandsecondarybutseparated,ssetsarestillheavilydependentonthelistedcompaniesorjoint-ventureenterprises,whichrestrainsthedevelopmentofthec,somesecondaryratedtheircoreandsecondarybusinesses,theyoftenovationandsustai,italsocontradictswiththecountryrthese"secondaryassets".ByXiaBinChenDaofuResearchReportNo108,tionExpectationIncreasestheShort-TermPressureuponForeignExchangeGrowthThecurrenttradeimbalancebetweenChinaandtheUnitedStates,industrialcapitalintheUnitedStatesbegantomovetothedeve"doubledeficits"andasChinahasbecomeoneofthefastest-growingeconomiesintheworldnotedforitssoundinvestmentenvironmentandcheaplaborforce,,theUnitedStatesasadevelopedcountryhasbecomeadebtorcountryandhasbeenbothecurrenthighrateofeconomicgrowth,,whatcanbechangedisthatthetradeimbalancebetweenChinaandtheUnitedStatesisreplacedbythetrad,itissafetosaythatsolongasChinacontinuestomaintainitssoundpolicyenvironment,itstradeimbalancew,thegrowthofChinahasindicatedthatthesharpgrowthofChinasforeignexchangereserveinthepasttwoyederalReservewhenitwasledbyitsformerchairmanAlanGreenspan,,mostinterna,theamountofChinassurplusofforeignexchavechangedfromoutflowintoinflow,whichshowsadistinctchangeinthestructureofChinanexcheserveInessence,foreignexchangereserveisatypeofliquida,exsforeignexchangereservehasbeencontinuouslyrisingtothecurrentlevelofmorethan850billiondollars,,money,ins,,itwillboostth,itmayundercutt,itisunfavoraionalsavingshavesettledinthecourseofeconomicact,moneyisurgentlyneededtosolvemanydifficulthistoricalproblemsleftoverinthecourseofreformssuchastheissueofagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,thedevelopmentofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,thehugeamountofnonperformingloansoffina,lendingmoneytoforeigngovernmentsatrelativelylowinteres,"dollarhegemony""dollarhegemony"usuallyignoredtheinterestsofothercountriesandalwaysuseddollarrevaluati,,,interestratewarsandevenothersanctionsimposedbyafewcountriesaredetrimentaltotheformationofaninternationaleconomicenvironmentthatisnecessaryforChina,therefore,maintainingaproperamountofforeignexchangereserveandimprovingitsusageefficiencyofforeignexchangereservewillhelpraisethegrowthrateofthenationaleconomy,lessentheunevennessoftheeconomicstructure,fundamentallyreducethepossibilityofbalanceofpaymentsimbalances,andeventuallyenhancethestabilityofthecountry,acountryonlyneedsanamountofforeignexchangereservethatisenougherve.ByMaMingjie,ResearchOfficeDirectorofDepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearch,sRailwayEquipmentManufacturingIndustrySincethereformandopeningup,theinnovationonChinas(from1980sto1990s):themanufacturingcapacityofenterpriseswasenhancedthroughtechnologyintroductionThemanufacturingcapacityismeanttotransformtechnologicalachievementsintomassproductionsuitedtodesignrequirements,includingtheprogressivenessoftheequipment,thetechnicallevel,theadaptabilityandtheworkmanshipofworkers,thetechnologicaldesignandmanagementability,alcompetenceofente,alarge-scaletechnologyintroductionwascarriedoutforChina,duetoChinasthenpoortechnologicalandindustrialconditions(evenboltsofthesamequalityasthoseofothercountriescouldnotbepurchased)anditslowermanagementability,,theimportoftechnologiesdur(from1990stothebeginningofthe21stcentury):thecapabilityofenterprisestoabsorbandintegratetechnologieswassteppedupDuringthisperiod,byintensifyingRD,theChineseenterprisessu,,theabi,theabilitytodesignthesystems,namely,theabilitytoproperlyhandl,rengthsarethebasisforthesuccessintechnologyintroduction,digestion,absorptionandre-innovationandthattherailspeedaccelerationconductedfo/horlowerwasachieved,therelativelycompleteequipmentmanufacturingsystemwasformed,whichlaidafoundationforfuturetechnologydigestion,absorptionandre-innovation("MadeinChina:TheOnlyWaytoModernizationofChinasRailwayTechnologyandEquipment",IntegrativeTransportation,August,2007).Despitetheconsiderableameliorationoftheabsorptioncapacityoftheenterprisesduringthisperiod,theirtechnicallevelremain,since1980s,,SouthKoreaandCanadaforthemakingofpassengertrains,buthadnotgainedthekeytechnologyforthemakingofCRHElectricMultipleUnitof200km/ofthesafetyanddependabilityofbogie,convertingandtractiontechniquesandbrakingsystem,(from2003tillnow):digestion,absorptionandre-innovationcharacterizedbyintegrationinnovationThisperiodwasma,theimportedtechnologiesweretransformedtoadapttoChina,thedesigningoftheElectricMultipleUnitwascarriedoutjointlywiththeforeignpartnersattheverybeginningofthetechnologyintroductiontosuittheproductbettertoChina,(hereinafterreferredtoas“ChangchunRV”),,there-innovationwasreflectedbythetechnologicalupgradingofacceleratingthespeedfrom200km/hto300~350km/,transnationalcorporationspossessingthehigh-speedtechnologyof300km/handabovehadbeenAlsthomTransport,Siemens,,unliketheforeign-dominateddesignwhentechnologieswereimported,there-innovationfeaturingtechnologicalupgradingwasmainlydesignedbyChineseenterprises,~350km/handaboveand16electricmultipleunits,markingthemomentwhenChineseenterpriseshavegainedtheabilitytoindependentlydesignandmanufacturehigh-speedtrainsof300~350km/,namely,theself-sustainingstandardsystemforhigh-speedtrainssuitedtoChina,digestionandabsorptionof9keytechnologiesastheleadingfactor,theindustrialchainofRD,designinga,onwhichacompletesetofChinasowntestingandacceptingsystemcanbesetup,includingthetrans,,atpresenttheChineseenterpriseshavemasteredtheinternationaladvasRailwayEquipmentManufacturingIndustry’sGDPGrowthRateandTheirConvergenceandDivergenceAnalysisInthelightofthedivergenceofactualGDPgrowthrateandpotentialgrowthrate,China’seconomicgrowthhaswitnessedshort-term,medium-andlong-termandlong-termendogenousfluctuationswithanaveragerangeof6,,governmentpoliciesandworldeconomicsituationshavedealtmajorexternalshocks,whichthenchangethedirectionofeconomicfluctuationandevenchangethedirectionoftheshort-te,theexternalshconvergenceanddivergenceanalysisWeusethedivergenceoftheactualGDPgrowthratearacteristics:(1)Thepolicyfactorsandaccidentalshocks,theseweretheperiodswhengreatfluctuationsoccurredtoGDPgrowthratesandwhenmajorpolicyadjustmentsweremadeorthecountrywashitbyseriousaccidentalshocks,suchasthe"GreatLeapForward"andthree-yearmajornaturaldisastersfrom1958to1964,andtheAsianfinancialcrisisin1997.(2)ariousperiods,theshortestbeingtwoyearsandthelongestbeingtwelveyears.(3)Thefluctuatt-termpotentialgrowthrates.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByLaiYouwei,GeneralOfficeofDRCResearchReportNo8,2009TheproductionservicesectorinBeijingstartedfromahigherpointandhasbecome,withagoodindustrialfoundation,aingitsproductionservicesector,addresstheconspicuouscontradictionsandproblemshamperingthedevelopmentoftheproductionservicesectorinBeijingandboosttherealizationofthesteadyandrapideconomicdevelopmentinBeijing,,theproductionservicesectorinBeijingmaintainedagoodmomentumofdevelopmentandplayedanimportantsupportiveroleinstabilizingtheeconomortheproductionservicesectorandtakethedevelopmentoftheproductionservicesectorasan:productionservicesectorInNovember2007,theBeijingMunicipalPartyCommitteeandtheBeijingMunicipalGovernmentjointlypromulgatedtheProvisionsonFurtherPromotingtheDevelopmentoftheServiceIndustry,forthefuturedevelopmentofBeijing,inordertocarryouttheProvisionsonFurtherPromotingtheDevelopmentoftheServiceIndustryandconscientiouslyaddresstheconspicuouscontradictionsandproblemshamperingthedevelopmentofBeijingsproductionservicesector,itissuggestedthatinlightofthepreferentialpoliciestowardnewandhi-techindustriesandthesoftwareindustry,specificpoliciesandmeasuresshouldbeformulatedtoboostthedevelopmentoftheproductionservicesectorintermsofmarketaccess,financialsupport,preferentialtaxation,guaranteeduseofland,pricesoftheessentialproductionfactors,fiscalsupport,exportrewardsandpersonneltrainingandintroduction,andthepoliciesandmeasuresshouldbegearedtothepromulgatedpoliciesandmeasurestoprovidestillgreaterbackingforthedevelopmentoftheproductionservicesectorandtoenhancethestayingpowromotionoftheserviceindustryInAugust2007,inordertofurtherfacilitatethedevelopmentofBeijingsbankingindustries,theBeijingMunicipalGovernmentsetuptheleadinggrouptobeinchargeofthefinancialservicework,whichplayedapositiveroleinfacilitatingthedevelopmentofBeijing,withreferencetotheorganizationalstructureofthe"LeadingGroupforFinancialServiceWorkinBeijing",shouldsetupleadinggroupsforexpandingtheserviceindustryinvariousdistrictsandcounties,tobeinchargeoftheoverallguidanceandcomprehensivecoordinationtowardtheexpansionoftheserviceindustryinvariousdistrictsandcounties,toearnestlyplacethedevelopmentoftheserviceindustryespeciallytheproductionservicesectorontheimportantagendcipalgovernmentlevelforthepromotionoftheserviceindustrytodiscoverandtackletheseriousproblemsthatcropupinthedevcordancewiththeorientationsandprioritytasksinthedevelopmentofBeijingsserviceindustryespeciallytheproductionservicesector,stepupcommunicationandcoordination,enhanceserviceawarenessandmakejointeffo"directivefundfortheserviceindustry"andthe"fundfortheproductionservicesector"(1)Tosetupthe"directivefundfortheserviceindustry"InordertoboostthedevelopmentofBeijingsserviceindustry,itissuggestedthatthe"directivefundforthedevelopmentofBeijingsserviceindustry",whicharemainlyusedattheweaklinksandinkeyfieldsandrisingtradesandprofessionsofthegrowingserviceindustry,,acertainamountofextrafundscanbearrangedfromthefinancialbudgetseachyeartobeusedassupportingdirectivefundsforthedevelopmentofthestateserviceindustryinvariouslocalities,fortheconstructionofthepublicplatforms,thegeneraltechnicalplatformsandtheinfrastructurefacilitiesinhigh-endpriorityindustrialdevelopmentzonesandinzoneswithserviceindustryclusters,fortheencouragementofindependentinnovationandbrandcreationandfortheopeningupofoverseasmarkets.(2)Tosetupthe"developmentfundfortheproductionservicesector"In1999,theformerMinistryofInformationIndustryandtheMinistryofFinancejointlystartedtheElectronicDevelopsastheintellectualpropertyrightsandstartedthe"StarlightChinaWickProject".TheformerMinistryofIn,forVimicroandbecamethemotivepowerforthedevelopmentofthe"StarlightChinaWickProject",butalsogaverisetomoreinvestmentsforbusinessstartupsandcreatesproductionservicesector,BeijingMunicipalGovernmentcansetupthe"developmentfundfortheproductionservicesector"withreferencetotheoperatingmodelof"electronicdevelopmentfund"andintensifythefinancia,suchasupportisdifferentfromthe"directivefundfortheserviceindustry",whichischaracterizedbythenewpracticeofriskinvestmentandmarketizedoperationbythegovernmentthatnotonlysupportstheproductionserviceenterprisestomakebreakthroughsinsomekeyfieldsandatsomecruciallinksandtogrowsteadily,butalsogainsrewardsfromthegovernmentinvestmentsoastorealizethemaintenanceofthevalueandtheappreciationoftheproductionservicedevelopmentfund.、奔驰宝马手机app下载地址用户至上金沙体育客户端ByMaMingjie,ResearchOfficeDirectorofDepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearch,sRailwayEquipmentManufacturingIndustrySincethereformandopeningup,theinnovationonChinas(from1980sto1990s):themanufacturingcapacityofenterpriseswasenhancedthroughtechnologyintroductionThemanufacturingcapacityismeanttotransformtechnologicalachievementsintomassproductionsuitedtodesignrequirements,includingtheprogressivenessoftheequipment,thetechnicallevel,theadaptabilityandtheworkmanshipofworkers,thetechnologicaldesignandmanagementability,alcompetenceofente,alarge-scaletechnologyintroductionwascarriedoutforChina,duetoChinasthenpoortechnologicalandindustrialconditions(evenboltsofthesamequalityasthoseofothercountriescouldnotbepurchased)anditslowermanagementability,,theimportoftechnologiesdur(from1990stothebeginningofthe21stcentury):thecapabilityofenterprisestoabsorbandintegratetechnologieswassteppedupDuringthisperiod,byintensifyingRD,theChineseenterprisessu,,theabi,theabilitytodesignthesystems,namely,theabilitytoproperlyhandl,rengthsarethebasisforthesuccessintechnologyintroduction,digestion,absorptionandre-innovationandthattherailspeedaccelerationconductedfo/horlowerwasachieved,therelativelycompleteequipmentmanufacturingsystemwasformed,whichlaidafoundationforfuturetechnologydigestion,absorptionandre-innovation("MadeinChina:TheOnlyWaytoModernizationofChinasRailwayTechnologyandEquipment",IntegrativeTransportation,August,2007).Despitetheconsiderableameliorationoftheabsorptioncapacityoftheenterprisesduringthisperiod,theirtechnicallevelremain,since1980s,,SouthKoreaandCanadaforthemakingofpassengertrains,buthadnotgainedthekeytechnologyforthemakingofCRHElectricMultipleUnitof200km/ofthesafetyanddependabilityofbogie,convertingandtractiontechniquesandbrakingsystem,(from2003tillnow):digestion,absorptionandre-innovationcharacterizedbyintegrationinnovationThisperiodwasma,theimportedtechnologiesweretransformedtoadapttoChina,thedesigningoftheElectricMultipleUnitwascarriedoutjointlywiththeforeignpartnersattheverybeginningofthetechnologyintroductiontosuittheproductbettertoChina,(hereinafterreferredtoas“ChangchunRV”),,there-innovationwasreflectedbythetechnologicalupgradingofacceleratingthespeedfrom200km/hto300~350km/,transnationalcorporationspossessingthehigh-speedtechnologyof300km/handabovehadbeenAlsthomTransport,Siemens,,unliketheforeign-dominateddesignwhentechnologieswereimported,there-innovationfeaturingtechnologicalupgradingwasmainlydesignedbyChineseenterprises,~350km/handaboveand16electricmultipleunits,markingthemomentwhenChineseenterpriseshavegainedtheabilitytoindependentlydesignandmanufacturehigh-speedtrainsof300~350km/,namely,theself-sustainingstandardsystemforhigh-speedtrainssuitedtoChina,digestionandabsorptionof9keytechnologiesastheleadingfactor,theindustrialchainofRD,designinga,onwhichacompletesetofChinasowntestingandacceptingsystemcanbesetup,includingthetrans,,atpresenttheChineseenterpriseshavemasteredtheinternationaladvasRailwayEquipmentManufacturingIndustryByFengJieXuanXiaoweiResearchReportNo139,2006Thedegreeofregionalindustrialdivisionandindustrialcooperationcanreflectboththeresourceandindustrialadvantage’smanufacturingandfundamentalindustriesandthechangesinthisdistributioninrecentyearsandsummarizessomeofthenewprogress,’sManufacturingIndustriesHavePostedaRisingSpatialConcentrationIndexandtheManufacturingSectorasaWholeIsHighlyConcentratedThechangesinthespatialconcentrationindexofthemanufacturingindustriesareanimportantmanifestationofthetrendofindust’s20manufacturingindustriesin2003(alsocalledtheindustrialspatialGinicoefficient,whichmeasuresthedistributionofproductivity,namely,totaloutputvalues,ofvariousindustriesin31provincesandregions),,thehighlyconcentra(),chemicalfibers(),instrumentsandofficemachinery(),textiles(),electricmachineryandequipment()andmetalproducts().Therewe()andpharmacy().Intermsoftheprocessofchanges,Chart1indicatesthatmostmanufacturingindustr,,theindustrieswhosespatialconcentrationindexwasover10percenthigherwerepapermakingandpaperproducts()andchemicalfibers().Theindustrieswhosespatialconcentrationindexwasover5percenthigherwerechemicalrawmaterialandchemicalproducts(),foodprocessing(),electronicandcommunicationsequipment()andmetalproducts().Inthemeantime,therewpment(-)andtobaccoprocessing(-).Inaddition,foodproduction(-)andpetroleumprocessingandcokeproduction(-),theaboveinformationindicatesthatthedegreeofspecializeddivisionoflaborbasedonmarketcompetitionandonscaleofeconomywasconstantlyrising,butsomeindustries(suchastheauto,pharmacy,tobaccoandliquorindustries)werestillnotedforscattereddistributionofproductivityduetoth’sManufacturingIndustriesoverPastFiveYearsByZhangYongwei,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo120,sWindPowerIndustrySince2003,thecentralgovernmentpromulgatedtheRenewableEnergyLawofPeoplesRepublicofChinaanddrewupChinaRenewableEnergyDevelopmentPlantoimprovethe,aseriesofincentivemeasures,suchasthelaunchofwindpowerfranchiserightsbiddingandfavorablefiscalandtaxpolicies,greatlyenhancedthedevelo,sinstalled,weshouldalsoadmitthatprominentproblemsstillexistintheindustryandtheseproblemshavmechanism;seriousprojectsliceuptowinapprovalanddisorderlywindpowermarket(1)Theplanlac2007proposedtobringinstalledgrosscapacityofwindpowerto5GWin2010,;the11thFive-YearPlanforRenewableEnergyDevelopment,promulgatedin2008,plannedtobringtheinstalledgrosscapacityto10GWin2010,,thewindpowerinstallationplandoesnotfitwellwithotherdevelopmentplanssuchaspowergridconstruction,resourceexploration,,includingtheNationalDevelopmentandReformCommission,NationalEnergyAdministration,ChineseAcademyofSciences,ChineseAcademyofEngineering,theMinistryofScienceandTechnologyandPowerGridCorporation,areallinvolvedinthewindpowerplanning,rketdevelopmentiftherewerenounitedandcoordinatedmediumandlong-termdevelopmentplanofwindpower.(2),theNationalDevelopmentandReformCommissionisinchargeofwindpowerprojectconstructionabove50,000kw,andlocalgovernmentsareresponsiblefortheonesbelow50,,somelocalgovernmentsandinvestmententerprisescircumventthestateapprovalbysplittingbigconstructionplan,000kwcapacityissplitintomorethan6smallerones(Eachonelessthan50,000kw).“Smallwindpowerprojects”directlyapprovedbylocalgovernmentblossomeverywhere,nwillfurtherintensifytheconflictbetweenwindpowerandpowergrids.(3)Projectwinsatenderwithlowpricewhiledeveloperscareforscaleratherthaneffectiveness,andtheypursue“quickstartandlargescale”.Thefactthattheonewhooffersthelowestbiddingpricewillwinthespecialdevelopmentrightsmakedevelopersnottoconsidercurrentprojectbenefit,“enclosemarketsharesbymakingpreemptiveinvestments”and“occupywindenergyresources”.Temptedbytheirrationalinvestmentimpulsion,developersintentionallypulleddowntheirbidrosssubsidization,,evingdiversifiedwindpowerdevelopment,introducinginvestmentthroughmarketmechanismanden,mostenterprisesfailtoimprovetheirowntechnologyanddontownthekeytechnologyWithhugemarketdemandforwindpowerequipmentsandmanufacturingcapacity,Chinanowhasdevelopedacompleteindustrychainforwindpowerequismore,Chinahasmasteredthebasicproducingtechnologyofmegawattwindturbineandcanbatchproducenon-keypartssuchasblade,,localenterprisesinChinahaventmasteredthekeytechnologyinwindturbinedesign,largewindturbinebearing,s,,,intheinternationalmarket,windturbinecontrolsystemoccupieslessthan8%swindturbinecontrolsystemisbasicallyimportedfromDenmarkandAustria,notonlyourcostsaremorethandoubled,butth,lackingnormalmanagementmeasuresforwindpowerfarmconnection,productstandard,certificationandsupervisionAlthoughwindpowerdevelopsrapidlytheseyears,obviouslyitlagsbehsRepublicofChinahasexcessivelylooseregulationsonwindpowergridconnection,whichdoesntmetificationsystemonwindpowerequipmentsintime,hydevelopmentofwindpowerindustry,connectionmanagementmeasuresofwindpowerfarm,whichadaptstoChinesepowergridcharacteristicsandlargewindpowergeneration,werstandards,whichisu,certificationisnotmandatory,,DenmarkandIndia,relevantcertificationinwindpowerfieldismandatory,andallwindturbinescant,butpromotestechnologyaccumulationandrealizethedestinatitprovidemodelparametersnowandareunabletomeettherequiremenrgescale,ifrelevanttechnologystandardswerenotperfectedandhealthycertificationsupervisionsystemwerenotimproved,windpowermarketfloodinglotsofbad-qualityequipmentswouldbringcatastrophicresult.、DVORByZhangWenkui,,nterprises(SOEs)In2005,theindustrialaddedvalueofstate-ownedandstateholdingenterprisesreachedRMB2,,accountingfor39%ofthatofthecountryionandAdministrationCommissionoftheStateCouncil1(SASAC),in2005,169centralenterprisesrealizedasalesincomeofabout6,730billionyuan,,%,%%ofthetotalforthecountry,especiallycentralenterprises,h,attheendof2004,therewere731,000scientificworkersincentralenterprises,%ofthecountrystotal;6146nationallevelscientificprofessionals,%ofthecountrystotal;179academiciansfromtheChineseAcademyofSciencesandtheChineseAcademyofEngineering,%lvedindifferenttradessuchasmilitaryindustry,petroleumandpetrochemicalindustry,steel,nonferrousmetals,machinery,automobile,vessels,railtransportation,telecommunication,architecture,buildingmaterialsandmedicine,etc.,andmanyoftheseinstitutionsboasttheindustrylatedtointellectualpropertyandotherissuesofSOEsconductedbytheEnterpriseResearchInstituteoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilfromautumn2005tospring2006,%oftheenterprisesinterviewedhavetheirownRDcenters;%havebuilttheirmainproductsandprocessesonpatentedtechnologies,%ofwhicharedevelopedin-house;%,theinvestmentinscienti,increasingby218%over2002and76%,centralenterprisesappliedfor10,031patentsincluding4,462patentsforinvention,with4,948patentsgrantedincluding1,,22,enterprisesIngeneral,independentinnovationinSOEsisnotasactiveasinnon-state-ownedenterprises,althoughitseffortsoni,000Chineseen%oftheenterprisesincreasedtheirRDinvestmentcomparedwiththatofthepreviousyear,%oftheenterprisesreducedtheinvestmenttosomeextent,,non-state-ownedenterprisesregistereda48%year-on-yearincreaseintheRDinvestmentwhileSOEsregisteredonlya32%,itisobviousthatanon-state-ownedenterpriseincreasestheRDinvestmentmorethananSOE,%%ofthemsawadecrease,,,itisobviousthatanSOEismuchlessactiveinthedev,theproportionofaddedvalueofindustrialSOsalesincomeandnetprofithavebeensubstantiallyboostedyearo,theyhaveunderperformedintermsofRDinvestmentgrowthandnewproductlaunching,:centralenterprisesarelessactivethanlocalSOEsandprivateenterprisesintermsofindependentinnovationAcomparativeanalysisofindependentinnovationmadeonSOEsandnon-state-ownedente;ChinasautomobileindustryconsistsofcentralSOEs,localSOEs,,theautomobileindustryistechnology-intensive,especiallyinChinatheindus,theNationalStatisticsBureaureleasedthelistoftheTopTenLarge-and-Medium-SizedIndustriatputperformanceindexesineachindustry,suchasexpenditureofRD,quantityofpatentsforinventions,proportionofnewproductsalesincome,nstatusofenterprises,nkasfollows:CheryAutomobileCorporation,,ChinaFAWGroupCorporation,,,,ChongqingChangAnAutomobileCompanyLimited,,,ChinaFAWGroupCorporationisthefirstautomobileenterpriseofitskindfoundedinthe1950saswellasacentralSOEboastingalargenumberofinnovationresources;CheryAutomobileCorporationisalocalSOEestablishedattheendofthe1990s;;;,themostinfluentialandwell-es,,,anothercentralautomobileenterprisedidnotevenenterthetoptenlists....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:SpeechattheScientificandTechnologicalWorkingConferenceofCentralEnterprises(April2006).2SurveydataobtainedbytheEnterpriseR,DirectoroftheEnterpriseR:SpeechattheScientificandTechnologicalWorkingConferenceofCentralEnterprises(Aprilof2006).5"Theentrepreneursjudgment,AppraisalandSuggestiononMacroSituation,OperationEnvironmentandHotSpotofReform",InvestigationsystemofChineseentrepreneurs,ManagementWorld,Issue12,,ScienceandTechnologyStatisticsDepartmentoftheNationalStatisticsBureau.,2008Ruralinfrastructureandpublicservicesystemconstitu,improvingruralinfrastructureandpublicservice,thegovernmenthasincreasedinp,theoutdatedruralinfrastructurehasnotwitnessedanymajorimproveme,thisurban-ruralgapcanbeattributed,toaverylargeextent,,inwhich"agricultureispromotedbyindustryandcountrysideissupportedbycity",ChinahasalreadypossessedthebasicconditionsandcapacitiestoshifttheemphasisofthecoyofpublicproductsinChinasruralareashaslongobservedthebasicprincipleof"self-reliancefirstandgovernmentsupportsecond".Thesupplyofruralpublicproductshasbeenmainlyrelyingonthepeasantsthemselves,,medicalcare,socialsecurity,publicinfrastructureandotherpublicservices,,itfatilthe16thPartyCongresswstructionofanewsocialistcountrysideasamajorhistorictaskanddecided,forthefirsttimeinhistory,"threereductions"(reductionofagriculturaltax,reductionoftaxonspecialagriculturalproductsandreductionofchargesforruraleducation)and"threesubsidies"(subsidiesforgrainproduction,seedsimprovementandthepurchaseofagriculturalmachines),aseri,thesupportofpublicfinancetoruraldevelopmentshiftedfromthepastnarrowscopeofagriculturalproducti,ruraleducation,health,culture,roadconstruction,drinkingwaterforhumansandanimals,anduralinfrastructureandsocialundertakingssincethe16thPartyCongress,ruralinfrastructureconstructi,,th,atotalof870,000kilometersofruralroadswereeitherconstructedorreconstructed,with580,,325,000kilometersofruralroadswereconstructedorreconstructed,458townshipsortownsand17,764administrativevillageswereconnectedwithhighways,and1,708townshipsortownsand43,,thetotalmileageofChina,%%oftheadministrativevillageshadbeenconnectedwithhighways,%%of,Chinas,,,,theconstructionofruralwatercontrolfacilities,featuringthewater-savingtransformationprojectsinthelargeirrigatedareas,thewater-savingirrigationdemonstrationprojectsandthewatercontrolexperimentsinthepastoralareas,,,,eachbeing300,000mu,,,,theareaundersprayirrigation,,andtheareaunderrain-collec%ofthetotallengthofvariouschannelsintheirrigationareas,eachbeingmorethan10,edCurrently,97%ofChinastownshipsandtownscanbeconnectedwiththeInternetand92%,thereareover6,"three-in-one"integratedinformationserviceplatformsthatincorporatetheadvantagesoftelephone,(county,townshipandvillage)informat%oftheadministrativevillagesacrossthecountry,,telephoneservicecovered13,740newadministrativevillages,,atotalof6700centralandgrass-rootsservicestationswereestablishedbyrelyingonthepubliclibrariesatvariouslevelsandtheculturalstationsatthetownship,ndthemoderndistanceeducationprojectforruralprimaryandmiddleschoolshaverespectivelybuilt197,000and181,,anationwidesductionandlife,andhaspreliminarilysolvedtheirdifficultiesinreadingbooksandwatchingmovies,andhasenrichedtheirspare-timeculturallife.ByLiZhijun,,2008Currently,thedevelopmentofChina,Chinaisnotmuchlaggingbehindthedevelopedcountries,andwhereChinafall,,,Chinahasmaderapidprogressinresearchesonlifesciencesandbio-technologyandhasreachedahigherlevelinstudiesofsuchlifesciencesaspost-genomics,ceandtransgeniccottonandanumberofnewbio-medicineswithindependeaveanimportantstatsbio-industryisbeginningtotakeshape,thenumberofbio-industrialenterpriseshasincreasedrapidly,andtheaggregationhasappearedevidentlyinthedevelopmentofChina,Chinaha,000typesofspecies,12,800typesofmedicalanimalsandplantsand320,000typesofagriculturalsee,thepeople,Chinawillrapidlyincreaseitsdemandforbiologicalresourcesandform,,theworldbio-industryisinitsgrowingstage,andthemonopolyofthebio-tadvantagesandcanwidelyparticipateininternationalexchangeandco-operationintermsofresearchesonlifesciences,bio-technicalinnovationandthedevelopmentofth,Chinawillbuildawell-offsocietyinanall-roundwayandwilllayasolidfoundationfortherealizationofthethird-stepstrategicmodernizationtarget,,thebogicalrevolutionandtheindustrialrevolutionwillhaveonChinaseconomyandsocialdevelopment,giveprominencetothedevelopmentofthemodernbio-industryineconomicandsocialdevelopment,sbio-industryandinlinewithChinascomparativeadvantages,weshouldpersevereinexpandingtheindustryaswellasenhancingtheindependentinnovationcapability,advanceindustrialization,aggregationandinternationalization,quickenthedevelopmentofsuchindustriesasbio-medicine,bio-agriculture,bio-energy,bio-manufacturingandbio-environmentalprotectionandfocusonmakingimportantbre,theimitation-basedpatternishardtochange,thebio-industrialtechnologiescomestillmainlyfromabroad,andthereislittlepossibilityofsignificantgroupinnovativebreakthroughstobemadeinChina,attachgreatimportancetointegrationoftechnologies,devotemajoreffortstodevelopingexperimentalbases,putapremiumontechnicalco-operationamongenterprisesandbetweenenterprisesandthescientificresearchinstitutesbygivingprioritytotrainedpersonnelandintellectualpropertyrights,strivetoestablishanopen,market-orientedandgroupednationalbio-technologyinnovationsystem,takebio-technologicalenterprisesasthemainbodyforfacilitatingtheflowofscientificandtechnicalknowledgeinrelationtobio-technology,furtherimproveChinasabilitytomaketechnicalinnovationsintermsofbio-industry,acceleratetheindustrializationofthescientificandtechnicalachievements,andbringaboutthestrategicshiftofthebio-industryfromimitation-basedindustrytoaniendentinnovationandpromotetheco-operationbetweenenterprises,universitiesandandresearchinstitutions;strengthenprimitiveinnovation,integratedinnovationandre-innovationbydigestingandabsorbingimportedtechnologieswithindependentintellectualpropertyright-baseddevelopmentandapplicationatthecore;andadheretotheguidelineofcombining“bringin”with“goglobal”toactivelystartinternationalco-operationsandtomakefulluseofChineseandoverseasresourcesaswellasChineseandoverseasmarketsinordertoquickenthedevelopmentofChinasocialdevelopmentandselectanumberofimportantbio-industrialfieldsandproductswithgoodbasicconditions,maturetechnologies,ahugepotentialforgrowthandahighindustrialconnectiontoconstructiesplayingaguidingroleinformingindependentintellectualpropertyrights,racetocontrolacommandingpointininternati,throughcombinationofenterprises,universitiesandresearchinstitutions,effectiveimplementationmechanismsthatareorganizedbyenterprisesandjointheenterprises,especiallylargeenterprises,toestablishRDinstitutionsthroughrelevantfiscaltaxation,evementsintoproductiveforcesjointlywiththeinstitutionsofhigherlearningandthescientificresearchinstitutes,renovateorbuildanumberofstateengineeringlaboratoriesandstateengineeringresearchcentersandimprovetheengineeringandsystemintegrationofscientificresearchachievements.。

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