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    万濠会开户网【ash368.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。迪庆檀思淘广告传媒有限公司(原青岛奶秤汽车用品有限公司)成立于1995年,占地面积40853平方米,MG麻将其中生产厂房占地2074平方米,仓库面积占地9048平方米。固定资产3843万元,流动资产4229万元,干部职工共328人,工程技术人员67人。万濠会开户网ByZhaoChangwen,,2011Therecentfinancingdifficultyconfrontings,thisfinancingdifficultyhasbecomeamajorfactorthatmayaffe,weconductedasweeping,wehavethefollowingviewsoverwhetherthemonetarypolicyshouldbeadjustedtoeasethisfinancingdifficulty:ationofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,ainlycomesfromthefactthatinfaceofhigh-levelinflationandstronginflationexpectation,thedrasticallyrisingcostshavesharpenedthecontradictionbetweentherapidgrowthofthefinancingdemandandthelimitedgrowthofthefinancingsupplycapacityandthuswidenedthedebtfinancing"gap".So,,thefinancingsupplycapacityshouldbeexpandedandthefinancingdemandshouldbecontainedsothatthe"financinggap",ducedbyTightMonetaryPolicyCurrently,thefinancingdifficu:One,smallandmedium-sized,thisdifficultyhasbeenrepeatedlyreportedbyvariousmediaan,theReportoftheCentralBankontheExecutionofChinasMonetaryPolicyintheSecondQuarterof2011pointsoutthat"Theobjectivedifficultyforlarge,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisestoacquireloanswillgrowindifferentdegrees."OursurveyconductedinthecitiesofHangzhou,Suzhou,Chengdu,DalianandQingdaoallindicatethatover80%ofrespondententerprises,smalland,sIndustrialEconomyin2011,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnologynotesthat"Theoverallcostforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestoacquirebankloanshasrisenatleast13%."TheReportoftheCentralBankontheExecutionofChinasMonetaryPolicyintheSecondQuarterof2011alsoindicatesthat"Theinterestrateoftheloansgrantedbyfinancialinstitutionstonon-financiale%inJune,"Accordingtoasurveyreport,entitledTheCurrentFourPhenomenaofSmall-BusinessFinancinginFaceofMacroRegulationDeserveAttentionandpreparedbyChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission,mostbankinginstitutionsinacentrally-administeredmunicipalityhaveraisedtheirbenchmarkinterestrateby20%~30%andsomeofthemhaveevenraisedtherateby50%~60%.Meanwhile,,consultingfee,releasingloansonthebasisofdepositdeductionandothermethods,theyhaverealizedanoverallreturnrateforsmallbusinessloansthatisnolessthan40%um-sizedenterp,privateusuriousloanshavebecsBankofChina,89%%enterprisesinthecityofWenzhouhavebeeninvolvedinprivatefsPrivateFinancingMarket%inJune,%smallenterpris,themonthlyinterestratewasashighas15%.InthecitiesofXiamenandShishiinFujianProvince,severalenterpr,somepeoplecitetheReportoftheCentralBankontheExecutionofChinasMonetaryPolicyintheSecondQuarterof2011andmaintainthattheactualfinancingdiff"AttheendofJune2011,thebalanceoftheRMBloans(includingbilldiscount),%,,%yearonyearand9percentagepointshigherthantheaveragegrowthrateofallloans."donotandcannotaccuratelyreflecttherealfinancingdemandofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesorthesizeofthesupply-demand"gap".Infact,weknowfromoursurveythatafterthefinancialcrisis,manysmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseshaverapidlyexpandedproductionandoperation,adjustedproductstructureandcarriedoutindustrialtransformationinordertomeetingtheneedofmarketcompetition,andt,,wecannotsimplytakethegrowthofbankloanbalanceasanindicationof"afurtherimprovementofthefinancingconditionsoftheseenterprises".Therehavebeenmanyexplanationsaboutthe:ByZhangLipingGuangHao(Intern),Re,2011ForamoreaccurateandobjectiveunderstandingofthesituationofChineseenterprisesforeigndirectinvestment(FDI)andanunderstandingoftheirpolicy-relatedexpectations,theResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilconducted,withthesupportoftheBureauofIndustryInjuryInvestigationoftheMinistryofCommerce,aquestionnairesurveyofenterprisesintermsoftheirbasicprofile,foreigninvestment,,,involving28provinces/autonomousregions/municipalitiesdirectlyundertheCentralGovernment,namelyBeijing,ShanghaiTianjin,Hebei,Henan,Anhui,Liaoning,InnerMongolia,Guangdong,Ningxia,Gansu,Fujian,Qinghai,Shandong,Guangxi,Shanxi,Guizhou,Sichuan,Hainan,Yunnan,Hebei,Henan,Zhejiang,Hubei,Hunan,Jiangsu,Jilin,Heilongjiang,Jiangxi,,Liaoning,Sichuan,Hubei,。

    XiaoJunyanChinahasscoredth~2010period,grainoutputincreasedatanaverageannualrateof3%,grainoutputstayedabovethe500-billion-kilogramlevelforfourconsecutiveyears,sfoodsecurity,namelyfragilebalance,forcedbalanceandstrainedbalance(orthreeweaknessesforshort),"landfinance"pressureonregionalgovernments,themushroomingofruralhouseswithlimitedpropertyrights,theaggravationoffarmlanddegradationandpollution,thedeclineinagriculturallaborquality,,the"threeweaknesses"ofChinasfoodsecuritywillbecomeevenmoreprominentifChinafailstomakecorrectstrategicadjustments,offerstrongpolicysupport,,theshortageofwaterresourcesandthedeclineinfarmlandquantityandqualitywillhaveaseriousimpactonChinasFoodSecurityinPastDecadeForlong,poornaturalendowmentandhugepopulationhaveledtothe"threeweaknesses"ofChina,,forcedbalancereferstoincreasedeconomicandsocialinputsandstronggovernmentadministration,andstsupplyanddemand,withasmallsurplus,,however,importedgrainhasclaimedarisingproportioninChinas95%"threeweaknesses"ofChina,whiletotalgrainoutputincreasedforsevenyearsinarowforthefirsttime,th,Chinasgrainimport,mainlysoybean,becameanindispensablecomponentrelatedtoChina,Chinasgrainimportapproached10~20milliontonsonlyinfourseparatedyears,~2010period,however,Chinasnetannualgrainimpo,importedgrain,mainlysoybean,%ofChina,importsubstitutionhasbeenprominentinChina,Chinasgrainreservewasequivalenttoabout40%ofitstotalannualconsumption,whichwasfarhigherthanthe18%,grainreserveisamulti-yearaccumulationofgrainsurplus,~2008periodwasdeducted,,whichwasequivalenttoonlyabout10%,mass"landimport",Chinasoilseed-growingacreageisabout200millionmu(15mumakeonehectare),whichisfaroutnumberedbyt,thegrowingacreageofannualsoybeanimportexpandedfrom100millionmuto442millionmuduringthe2001~%ofChina,theimportofediblevegetableoil,whichhasacloserelationshipwithgrainsubstitutionhasrisensharply,fromlessthan2milliontonstoover9milliontonsinthe2000~,theaverageannualimportduringthe2007~2010periodwasabout8milliontons,accountingforabout40%ofChina,itequalstoanimportofover40milliontonsofsoybean,,Chinasrisingdependence,,itisanindicationthattheriseindomesticgrently,Chinaspercapitagrainconsumptionis395kilogramsandishighlylikelytoreach410~sconsumptionofmajorfooditemsh,theruralleveloffoodconsumptionisfarlowerthantheurbanlevel,withtheruralspendingonfood,meat,poultry,,ndassumingtheruralconsumptionofanimalfooditemswillreach70%oftheurbanlevelby2020,endingonhousing,medicalcareandeducation,eachpersoninChinawillconsumeanadditional15~~415kilogramsofgrain,thetotalgraindemandwillreach585~592billionkilogramsby2020(includingdirectfoodconsumption,feedconsumption,industrialconsumption,andseeds).ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo12,,Chinasgrainyieldincreasedfortheeighthconsecutiveyear,(twojinmakeonekilogram)%.Theharvestin2011istheresultofacombinationofrelevantfactorsincluding"supportingpolicy,boomingmarket,hardworkandfavorableweather".Theyieldincreasecanmainlybeattributedtomoresupportingpolicies,steadyfoodprice,extensivepopularizationofmhinasgrainself-sufficiencyhasdroppedto90%.AsChinasmajorimportsaresoybeansinsteadofcereals,however,themajorcerealslikerice,wheatandcornaremorethan98%,Chinastillremainsvulnerabletofrequentandseverenaturaldisasters,roblemof,majorgrainproducingregionsare,the13majorgrainproducingprovincesaccountedfor76%ofthecountry%,atypicalconcerninsomeofthemajorgrainproducingprovincesisthatgrainproduction,insteadofbeinganadvantage,,,therestareexpectedtoberaisedattheprovincial,ssecondgrainproducerHenanProvincehasbeenthel,itspercapitafiscalexpenditurestoodatmerely3,063yuan,whilethefigureofShanghaiwas15,563yuan,,therefore,isstillaprimarytaskwhilehandlingthethree-dimensionalruralissues,namelytheproblemsofagriculture,,inordertostabilizegrainproduction,weshouldfirstmobilizethefarmersinitiativeinplantinggraincropsandthelocalgovernmentsinitiativeinemphasizinggrainproduction.(1)KeepareasonablegrainpriceComparedtotheresidentsincomeandtheoverallpricelevel,einterestsofagricultureandindustry,andalsoanimportanticeforwheatandriceprocurement.(2)Optimizethelong-termmechanismoffinancialsubsidytofarmersgrowinggraincropsOvertherecentyears,thepricesfordieseloil,fertilizerandagriculturalservicesaswellasthecostonlaborhavebeenincreasingconsistently,andtheprofitfromgrainplantinghasbeenreduced,ubsidytoalevelreasonableenoughtocompensatefarmerscostingrowinggrainsandalsoguaranteeforthemanappropriatelevelofprofit.(3)OptimizethebenefitcompensationmechanismformajorgrainproducingregionsIn2011,thecentralfinancerewardedatotal20billionyuanto200majorgrainproducingcountiesthroughoutthecountry(10millionyuanforeachcounty).Sucharewardingpolicyhashelpedtoalleviatetoacertainextentthefinancialdifficultyofthemajorg,thegeneralfeed-backf(15mumakeonehectare)stoodatmerely11yuaninHenan,thefinancialdifficultyofmajorgrainproducingcountiesstandsasaprominentproblemandthecentralfinanceshouldgrantthemrewardsaccordingtothepercapitafinancialresourcesatthecountylevel,ensuringavailabilityofadequatefundsforbasicexpenditureandforsocialundertakingsandimprovingtheirinitiativesindevelopinggrainproduction.(4)ContinuetappingthepotentialofimprovingtheyieldonperunitoflandItsdifficulttorealizebalancedyieldincreaseoverlargeareasbyrelyingonsingletechnology,therefore,weshouldintegrateandpopularizeadvancedandpracticaltechnologies,promotethecombinationofimprovedvarietiesandadvancedmethods,and,cotton,sugarandfreshagriculturalproductsWeshouldhandlewellthecollectionandstorageofcottonandavo,butthepriceincreasehasfailedtoleadtocorrespondingproductionincreassthereforebecomingangedplanformarketregulationsoastoavoidthepricecycleof"biggerincreasefollowedbysharpfall".10-200米Note:BasedonChinaStatisticalYearbooks,,wecandrawthefollowingbasicconclusions:First,intermsofthedirectionoftransfer,,,sevenareintheeastregion,fiveareinthewestregion,,sevenareinthewestregion,fiveareinthecentralregion,threeareintheeastregion,,ShanghaiandBeijingarethetwoprovincespostingthemostprominenttaxrevenueinflowandShandongand(thisreportdefinesasahighdegreeofdeviation,asthemediandegreeofdeviation,andasthelowdegreeofdeviation),,Beijing,Shandong,Henan,Zhejiang,Hunan,HebeiandJiangsu(intheorderofdeviationdegree).Inparticular,Shanghai,Beijing,ZhejiangandJiangsuaretheprovincespostingnetinflow,andthedegreesofnettaxrevenue,thedegreeoftaxrevenue-taxsourcedeviationtendstowidenonthewhole,withthetaxrevenueflowmajorregionsinthepastfiv%%,thedegreeofdeviation(inabsolutevalue)ofthreeothermajorregionsalsorose,,thewestregionpostedthemostdramaticrise,xratesandtaxsourcestructuresaretakenintoaccount,wediscoverthattheabove-saiddegre,thebasictrendoftaxreven,theydonothavesubstantialimpactsontheresultsofempiricalanalysis....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    云顶国际苹果app下载地址Figure4 InfluenceofCarryoverEffectandNewPriceRiseFactorsonCPIChangesDuringJanuaryandNovember,2010Withthegradualimplementationofaseriesofstatepoliciesbringingpricesundercontrol,itispredictedthatCPIgrowthwilld%.,CPIgrowthhasbeendrivenupbythefollowingfactors.(I)Demandgrowthan,CPIhasapositivecorrelationwiththelong-termincreaseofthetotalvolumeoftheretailsalesofconsumergoods,namely,withtheever-increasingtotalvolumeoftheretailsalesofconsumergoodsinthemedium-termandlongrun,,thetota,themedium-andlong-termfluctuationsofthetotalretailsalesvolumewilloccurabout23monthsaheadofCPIfluctuations(SeeFigure5).Thus,itcanbejudgedthatsince2010thecyclicalgrowthofCPIhasbeenaninevitableresultoftherapiddemandgrowthwhichhashappenedsince2008....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,tributionofpricesofeigh,%,cigarettes,%,%,%,%,%,recreational,%%.——ExemplifiedwiththecityofHangzhouByWangZhonghongResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRCLiJianwei,,andUpgradinginSoutheastCoastalAreaDespitetheremarkablesuccessesachievedovermorethanthirtyyearsofreformandopeningup,drawbackshaveincreasinglyshowedupinthemodeoftheindustrialdevelopmentinChina,inparticular,changesininternationalanddomesticenvironmentshavebroughtaboutnewchallengesandcontradictions:tionalcomparativeadvantagesFirst,~2009,wageofworkersofthemanufacturingindustryincreasedby30%inHangzhou,whilelaborcostsmountedupbyayear-on-year25%~30%inHangzhoufromJanuarytoApril,,%inHangzhou,yearonyear,%fromayearearlier,wideningthegapb,,thebalanceofbankloansandtheincreaseincurrentassetsoftheindustrialenterprisesabovetheand,inparticular,%%,r1millionkilowattsinHangzhou,precariousfactorsExportinforeigntradeisnotoptimisticasaresultofthesloweconomicresurgenceindevelopedcountries,themajoreffortsdevotedbydevelopedcountriestoadvancingre-industrializationandthetr,enterpriseshavemuchdifficultygettingthegraspofthepricetrendsofstaplecommoditiesandtherenminbiexchangerates,,%.Inthefirstquarterof2011,thevalueofg%,;%inApril,,theRDinputbyind%oftheirbusinessturnover,%enefit,,%%%in2009,%andmuchlowerthantheaverageofover35%smotivationfornongovernmentalinvestmentPerfectinfrastructuref,aggregationofpopulation,changeofmeansoftransportationandtransformationofproductionpatternsandlifestyles,thenewroundofinfrastructureconstructionhasbecometheimge,thenongovernmen,,%,thenongovernmentalinvestmentinwaterconservancyfocusedonmunicipalinfrastructureconstructionandincommunicationsandtransportation,warehousingandpostalservicefocusedonm%%andUpgradinginSoutheastCoastalAreaTheauthorsareoftheopinionthat,toaddresstheabove-mentionedcontradictionsandchallengesandincompliancewiththetraditionaltheoriesonindustrialtransformationandupgrading,prioritiesshouldbeplacedonimprovingtheenvironmentsforindustrialdevelopment,enhancingthecapabilitiesforindustrialdevelopmentandoptimizingtheobjectivesforindustrialperformancefortheindustrialtransformationandupgradinginsoutheastcoastalareainthedaystocome,withthethreeaspectscorrelatingwith,forindustrialdevelo,socialenvironment,governmentrolesandmarketdemand.(1)NaturalenvironmentThenaturalenvironmentmainlyreferstoresourcesandinfrastructurefacilities,locationandclimate,suchastheadequacyoflandandwaterresources,transportconvenience,supplyoftelecommunications,broadband,power,oilandgasandthefacilitiesofenvironmentalprotection,,,whe,relevantsurveysindicatethatHangzhouis,stepuptheintegrationofwharfsalongthebothsidesofthecanalandstrengthentheconstructionofwaterwayinfrastructurefacilitiesandmodernfunctionalportareasisanimportantpartinimprovingHangzhousnaturalenvironment.ByZhangYunhua,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo176,LandRightsandInterestsintheProcessofUrbanizationUrbanizationisoneoftheimportantfeaturesovermorethanthirtyyearsofreformandopeningupinChinaandwillremainthemajorthrustforChinasebeingturnedintonon-agriculturallansurbanizationprocesshasturnedouttobethela,thenum,s40million–landrightsandinterestshasbecomeincreasinglyamajoreconomicandsosationforrequisitionedlandInrecentyears,thelandproceedsfromthetransferofland-us,,upby38%fromayearago,,%yearonyear,withtheaverageproceedsfromthetransferofland-userightsreaching508,andconversiontax,deedtax,landvalueincrementtax,farmlandreclamationfee,costforpaiduseofconstructionland,agriculturalpriorityconstructionfunds,termitecontrolfee,wallremoldingfee,civilairdefensefee,managementfeeandbusinesscost,t40,000yuanand,duringlandsales,deedtax,landvalueincrementtaxandtermitecontrolfeeturnedoverforsalesoflandthroughauctiontotalednearly100,nderingandauctiontotheaveragesalespriceinlandacquisitionandsalesmadeup12%orso,andthepercentageoftaxesandduesturnedoverforagreedsalesofeachmuoflandaccountedforabout40%,thecompensationgainedbyfarmersforlandacquisitionislow,makingsLandManagementLawthatlandcompensationfeesandmanpowerplacementallowanceareallcalculatedattheaverageannualagriculturaloutputvaluethreeyearsbeforethelandisrequisitionedandhavenothingtodowithpricefactorsrelatingtopossessionoftherequisitionedland,economicandsocialdevelopmentlevels,,000yuan–30,000yuanpermuonceandforallascompensationforhisrequisitionedlandandforfarmersineconomicallydevelopedareas,theyeachcanget30,000yuan–50,surveyof12statekeyprojects,suchastheBeijing-ZhuhaiExpresswayandtheBeijing-FuzhouExpressway,findthatcompensationforrequisitionedlandusuallyaccountsformerely3%-5%ofthetotalprojectinvestment,%%.TheNationalAuditOfficesfindingsfrom34high-classhig,%,internationally,thecompensationforrequisitionedlandfortheconstructionoftransportinfrastructurefacilitiesusuallyaccountsfor40%-50%,withtheirlivelihoodinsecureinthedaystocomeFarmerswilllosetheirstablesourceso,especiallyfemalelaborersabove40yearsofageandmalesolderthan50years,,%,inparticular,somefarmershavelostbothlandandjobs,,forfarmers,th,ritybenefitstoland-losingfarmers,thusincreasingthenumberoffarmerscoveredbysocialsecuritynetwork,"demolition-for-land"insomeregions,layingdownhiddenperilsforthefutureInrecentyears,shortageoflandforconstructionhasbecomenotablytightinionsystemandtheland-savingsystem,someregionshavestartedtos,throughsuchmethodsasvillagerehabilitation,concentratedinhabitationoffarmersand"homesteadsreplacementfornewhousing",haveturnedpartofthecollectively-ownedlandforconstructio"demolition-for-land"liesinitssupplyofspaceforurbanandindustrialdevelopment,whichhas,tosomeextent,facilitatedthee"demolition-for-land"activitiesconductedinsomeregions,however,haveinfringeduponfarmersrightsandintereststohomesteadstosomeextent,,farmersself-sufficientandwithlivingexpensesspentontenementmanagement,water,electricityandheatingsupply,farmersexpenditureshaveincreasedallatonce,bringingahuge,inparticular,haveassembledthelandcontractedbyfarmersandleasethemtocompaniesormajorclientsforbusinessoperation,,urbanareasandnon-agricu"slumareas",,itwouldbequiteapmainfactortriggeringsocialinstability....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.万濠会开户网重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByRenZepingZhangLiqun,ResearchTeamon"StudyontheUrbanizationDevelopmentStrategiesintheProcessoftheBuildingofChineseModernRuralAreas"ResearchReportNo200,2011Chinaseconomicandsocialdevelopmenthasadvancedbyleapsandboundsoverthepast30yearssincereformandopeningup,andthecountry,%,,Chinahasaccelerateditseconomicrestructuring,improvedthelivingstandardofitspeople,advanceditsinstitutionalreformingoodorder,remarkablysteppedupitsin,sinceenteringthe21stcentury,araftofobstaclesareinthewayofChinasall-around,coordinatedandsustainabledevelopment,theinveteratestructuralproblemsandtheextensiveeconomicgrowthhavenotbeenchangedradicallyand,imbalanced,uncoordinatedandnon-sustainableissuesstillremaintheglaringproblemsinChina,Chinawilltakescientificdevelopmentasthekeynote,accelerationofthetransformationofthemodeofeconomicdevelopmentasthemainlineandthestrategicreadjustmentoftheeconomicstructureasthemaintseconomicdevelopmenthasbeenmainlycenteredonthegrowthofitsaggregateeconomicvolumeover60yearssincethefoundingofNewChina,Chinawill,inthecomingyears,enterintoaperiodofgreatchangeswiththepromotionofaggregateincreaseandstructuralreformtodevelopsimultaneously,equalstrsCurrentEconomicandSocialDevelopmentatPresentStageThemainbasisforthejudgmentofeconomicdevelopmentatvariousstagesincludeper-capitaincome,consumptionstructure,industrialstructure,levelofindustrializationandlevelofurbanization,laterperiodofindustrializationtothelaterperiodathepatternof"low-costadvantage—middle-andlow-endmanufacturingindustries—investment+production",ChinaisnowfacinganotherimportantopportunityofwhetherChinacansuccessfullystrideintothesecondwaveofeconomicgrowthfuelledbythepatternof"innovation-basedadvantage--high-endmanufacturing+servicesector--innovation+consumption",whichisacriticalmomentforthetransfor50yearsofpilotpractice,especiallysincereformandopeningup,changesofgreathistoricalsigni,China%.In2010,China,surpassingthatofJapanandplacingChina,China,,Chinasper-capitaGDPattheexchangerateofthesameyearreached5,880USdollars,.ChinahasrealizeditseconomictakeoffformorethantwodecadesTheoverviewofthemodernizationhistoryofvariouscountriesindicatesthatmajordevelopedcountrieshaveallundergonevariousstagesintermsofpreparation,takeoff,,Chinahasaccumulatedaraftoffavorableconditionsforsustainingitsrapideconomicgrowth,includingchangeofconsumptionstructureandofintermediatedemandtosupporttheacceleratinggrowthofdomesticdemand;theuneveneconomicdevelopmentleadingtochangeoftheindustrialstructureandtherestructuringoffundsandlaboramongindustries;increaseoffundsandlaborsupply;materialandtechnicalfoundationforsustainingthecontinuousgrowthofsupplyandtheinstitutionalandsocialenvironmentsforfacilitatingtheimprovementofthetotalfactorproductivity;astableandopeninternationalenvironmentandchangeoftheforeigntradestructureandofcomparativeadvantagesfuelledbyimportsubstitutionandtheexport-orientedstrategy,asindustrialstructure,strengthofthemanufacturingindustryandexportstructurethatChinahasalread:firstly,againstthebackdropoftherapidlyincreasingtotalfarmproduce,t%,withapopulationincreaseof300million,%%.Thirdly,afairlycompl,withtherapidincreaseoftheexportvolume,theproportionofsuchprimaryproductsasfarmproduceinexportcommoditieshasdeclineddrastically,,thefocusonmeetingbasicneedsbeingchangedtograduallyadaptingtoconsumptionupgradinganddemanddiversificationindicatesthechangeoftheeconomicstructure,gradingofindustrialstructureDuring1998~2010,Chinasindustrializationandurbanizationgotaccelerated,housingandtransportconsumptionupgradingwerepromoted,externaldemandgrewatahighspeedalongwiththelong-termprosperityoftheworldeconomyafterChinasintegrationintoglobalization,theadvantagesoftheresourceendowmentbroughtaboutthetransferofglobalindustries,andtheformationofdomesticandexternaldemandpu,thenumberoffast-growingindustriesincreasedc,thetransportationequipmentmanufacturingindustry,themetallurgicalindustry,thecoalindustry,thebuildingmaterialandothernonmetallicmineralindustries,theoilindustry,sEconomicGrowthDuring1981~2010ByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo21,2012ThecomingfivetotenyearsarecriticalbothforChinaseconomicdevelopmentandforthegoverningoftheCommunistPartyofChina,giventheinadequatereformingeffortsandconsequentlytheincreasinglycompl,anditishel,Chinaisatacriticalmoment,"top-level"designatatimewhentheTwelfthFive-YearPlanhasjust,,wehadtomakeclearwhatitsgoal,,,confusionsanddoubts,tendencyofreformcannotbech,wearefacingsomenewissuesincludingmanyacutecontradictionswhichimpedesustainableeconomicdevelopment,socialstabilityandunderminethefoundationofthePartysruling,Therefore,thetop-leveldesignwetalkabouttodayisnotmereaboutthe,itisproblem-oriented,morespecifically,itisdevelopedtosolveinstitutionalproblemsunderlyingtheunsustainabledevelopmentofChinaseconomy,eliminaterisksforChinaseconomywhentheglobaldemandsweakenafterthecrisisoftheUnitedStatesandtheslowdownofChinaseconomicgrowth,andresolvesocialinstabilitycausedbysevererementionedproblemsandformulatemeasures,,ssocialandeconomicfields,includingscience,educationandhealth,therearemandastheonefortheTwelfthFive-YearPlanperiod,noroneliketheReportont,wewouldliketotoucheverysectorandeveryaspect;however,someofsuchquesnancin,thetop-leveldesigndealswithkeyproblemswhichmayaffectthewholesituation,aimstosolvecoreissuesandcontradictionswhichhaveexistedforlong,andtriestosolvemajorproblemswhichmayimpedethestablegrowthofChinaseco,thetop-leveldesigndoesnthavetobeall-inclusive,icharegenerallythetoughestissuesandhavearousedmostdiscontentandimpededorwillimpedethesocialstabilityandstableeconomicgrowth,anditshouldeffe,ideologicalstraitjacketneedstoberemoved,,,itshouldstartfromthesupremeinterestofthecountrysstability,aimatsocialstabilityandsustainableeconomicdevelopmentanddirectlyfacewhateverproblemswemeetinapracticalandrealisticway,,wearetoblameforleavingsomanyeconomicprobl,thepastdecadehasprovedthatasChinahasbecomethesecondlargesteconomyintheworldintheprocessofglobalization,massiveandknowdecisionsItis,,thereareopinionsoverseasthatChinaseconsGDPwillsurpassthatoftheUnitedStatesi,,thetop-leveldesignshallnotsimplyregardthepessimisticideasaboutChinaas"conspiracies",butregardthemaswarnings,findoutpossibilityofsystematicrisksafterChinaseconomicgrowthslowsdownandworkoutsolutions;ontheotherhand,weshouldnotblindlybelievethoseoptimisticideas,,ncingtheworldsinvestment,,solutionsandpoliciesfortheseproblemscannotbeworkedoutbydivorcingfromrealityorbyputtingasideothercountriesconcerns,interestsandpossiblecountermeasuresfollowingtheriseofChinaandthepossiblechangesintheworldenvironment. ,,noclearsolutionshavebeenworkedoutinalongperiodoftimefortheuseofagriculturallandfornon-agriculturalpurposesandtheresidentiallandproblem,,rightsandinterest,butalsoinfluencetheunifiedlandplanningintheconstructionofthousandsoftownsinChina,,fromtheperspectiveofeconomicdevelopment,increasingfarmersincomebytransferofland-userightsisimportantfor,solvingproblemslikeforceddismantlingandpeoplesappealingtohigherauthoritiesforhelp,rich-poorgapbetweenruralandurbanareasandcorruptioncandirectlyinfluencethestabilityofthegovernmentesstimeforthecentralgovernmenttomakeupitsmindtosolvethisproblem,asithasb …Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByZhangYunhua,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo176,LandRightsandInterestsintheProcessofUrbanizationUrbanizationisoneoftheimportantfeaturesovermorethanthirtyyearsofreformandopeningupinChinaandwillremainthemajorthrustforChinasebeingturnedintonon-agriculturallansurbanizationprocesshasturnedouttobethela,thenum,s40million–landrightsandinterestshasbecomeincreasinglyamajoreconomicandsosationforrequisitionedlandInrecentyears,thelandproceedsfromthetransferofland-us,,upby38%fromayearago,,%yearonyear,withtheaverageproceedsfromthetransferofland-userightsreaching508,andconversiontax,deedtax,landvalueincrementtax,farmlandreclamationfee,costforpaiduseofconstructionland,agriculturalpriorityconstructionfunds,termitecontrolfee,wallremoldingfee,civilairdefensefee,managementfeeandbusinesscost,t40,000yuanand,duringlandsales,deedtax,landvalueincrementtaxandtermitecontrolfeeturnedoverforsalesoflandthroughauctiontotalednearly100,nderingandauctiontotheaveragesalespriceinlandacquisitionandsalesmadeup12%orso,andthepercentageoftaxesandduesturnedoverforagreedsalesofeachmuoflandaccountedforabout40%,thecompensationgainedbyfarmersforlandacquisitionislow,makingsLandManagementLawthatlandcompensationfeesandmanpowerplacementallowanceareallcalculatedattheaverageannualagriculturaloutputvaluethreeyearsbeforethelandisrequisitionedandhavenothingtodowithpricefactorsrelatingtopossessionoftherequisitionedland,economicandsocialdevelopmentlevels,,000yuan–30,000yuanpermuonceandforallascompensationforhisrequisitionedlandandforfarmersineconomicallydevelopedareas,theyeachcanget30,000yuan–50,surveyof12statekeyprojects,suchastheBeijing-ZhuhaiExpresswayandtheBeijing-FuzhouExpressway,findthatcompensationforrequisitionedlandusuallyaccountsformerely3%-5%ofthetotalprojectinvestment,%%.TheNationalAuditOfficesfindingsfrom34high-classhig,%,internationally,thecompensationforrequisitionedlandfortheconstructionoftransportinfrastructurefacilitiesusuallyaccountsfor40%-50%,withtheirlivelihoodinsecureinthedaystocomeFarmerswilllosetheirstablesourceso,especiallyfemalelaborersabove40yearsofageandmalesolderthan50years,,%,inparticular,somefarmershavelostbothlandandjobs,,forfarmers,th,ritybenefitstoland-losingfarmers,thusincreasingthenumberoffarmerscoveredbysocialsecuritynetwork,"demolition-for-land"insomeregions,layingdownhiddenperilsforthefutureInrecentyears,shortageoflandforconstructionhasbecomenotablytightinionsystemandtheland-savingsystem,someregionshavestartedtos,throughsuchmethodsasvillagerehabilitation,concentratedinhabitationoffarmersand"homesteadsreplacementfornewhousing",haveturnedpartofthecollectively-ownedlandforconstructio"demolition-for-land"liesinitssupplyofspaceforurbanandindustrialdevelopment,whichhas,tosomeextent,facilitatedthee"demolition-for-land"activitiesconductedinsomeregions,however,haveinfringeduponfarmersrightsandintereststohomesteadstosomeextent,,farmersself-sufficientandwithlivingexpensesspentontenementmanagement,water,electricityandheatingsupply,farmersexpenditureshaveincreasedallatonce,bringingahuge,inparticular,haveassembledthelandcontractedbyfarmersandleasethemtocompaniesormajorclientsforbusinessoperation,,urbanareasandnon-agricu"slumareas",,itwouldbequiteapmainfactortriggeringsocialinstability....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByGeYanfeng,YuDongandZhangBingzi,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo87,2012Developmentofsocialpoliciesandrelatedinstitutionalimprovementsnotonlymakeitimportanttoclarifythetrendofreformanddevelopmentinvariousfieldsandspecificpolicies,butalsorequireadvancementofinstitutionalreforminrelatedfieldsandimprovementoftheoperationalmechanism,especiallyintermsoftechnologyselectionandmanagementinkeyfields,soastochallengesexperiencedinmakingandimplementingsocialpoliciesinChina,wewouldliketodrawattentiontothefollowingaspects:nTermsofResponsibilityforSocialSecurityandPublicServiceSocialsecurityandpublicservicefallintothegovernments,thenon-smoothresponsibilityrelationshipsamonggovernmentsatdifferentlevelshaveseverelyhinderedsocialdevelopment,mentsatdifferentlevelsconcerningdecision-makingrelatedtosocialsecurityandpublicservice,aswellasfollow-upinvestment,sresponsibilityfordecision-makingandoverallplanningInthefieldofsocialsecurityandpublicservice,wemustadheretoequalityandpolicyconsistency,thusitisessentialtofurtherstrengthenthecentralgovernment,thelocalgovernmentscouldbegivenrelevantrightinmakingspecificpoliciestosomeextent,butthegeneraldirectiofthecharacteristicsofdifferenttypesofsocialsecurityandpublicservice,itmustbemadeclearwhatistheresponsibilityofthegovernmentsatahigherlevel,whatresponsibilityrestswiththelocalgovernments,especiallyatthegrass-rootslevel,,especiallythoseatthelevelofcountiesandthecounty-levelcities,areresimplementationInviewoftheimbalanceineconomicdevelopmentfromregiontoregionandthefactthatlocalgovernmentsarecountedoninthedeliveryofserviceandadministration,itisimperativetofurtherreformandimprovethecost-sharingmechanism,strengthenthecentralandprovincialgovernmentsgeneraltransferpaymenttolocalgovernments,soastoequalizethegovernments,theexpendresponsibilityforsupervisinglocalsocialdevelopmentTheobjectivesandevaluationstandardsinthisregardshouldbestipulatedbythecentralgovernmentwhiletheconcretesupervisionandeval,itisessentialt,IdentifyProductAttributesandCost-sharingMechanism,andEnsureBenefitofthePublic,atareasonablelevelofserviceisprovided,inabidtopromotestandardizationofbasicpublicserviceThelevelandstandardofsocialsecurityandpublicservicemustbeinaccordancewithdevelopmentrequirement,ertoohighnortoolow,itistheprior,areasonablelevelofflexibilitywhichcanneverbetoogreatisallowedinthisregard;withinthesameregion,th,soastoenhanceperformanceofpublicinvestmentWeshouldnotonlysteadilyincreaseinvestment,butmoreimportantlyweneedtoenhancetheperformanceofthepublicinvestmentthroughinstitutionalizationeffortsandensurtinginvestmentforroutineoperation,andest,weneedtoreinforcesupervisionuponuseofpublicfunds,standardizecapitalflow,promoteopenandtran,weneedtofullylzedITdevelopmentandapplicationinvariousfieldsandbetweendifferentregions,,weneedtopromoteapplicationanddevelopmentofITtechnology,tobettermanagesocialsecurity,mWeshouldfullydrawoninternationalexperienceinthisrespect,offerserviceforfree,withbelow-costpricingoraccordingtocostdep,itisappropriatetoprovideitforfree,orforasmallfee(forthepurposeofavoidingwaste).Regardingtheserviceandthecostofwhichneedstobesharedbyindividualsandfamilies,theindividualsabilitytopaymustbetakenintofullconsideration,andcorrespondingreduction,exemptionorsubsidypoliciesshouldbedeveloped,toavoidreversetransferpaymentandensurethebenefitofthemiddleandlow-incomesocialgroups.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByXuXiaoqing,LiuShouying,WuZhenjunLiaoBingguang,ResearchTeamon"SupplyandDemandofAgriculturalProducts,CostFluctuationandRegulatoryPoliciesinChina",ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo56,2012Overthenextdecade,theindustrialization(includingland,laborforceandcapital),thechangesofpopulationagestructure,andthefurthertransformationandpromotionofhouseholdconsumptionpatterns,farmingactivitiesandthesupp,therelationsbetweensupplyanddemandofagriculturalproductswillexertgreaterandmoredirectimpactuponthestabilityofurbanandruralresidents’iculturalproducts,thispaperwillraiserelatedpolicyoptionsfort,theams,theupsurgeoftheproductioncostsofmajoragriculturalproductsduringearly1990ssloweddowninthemid-andlaterperiodandatsomepoint,,,from2003to2010theupwardtrendsof(15mumakeonehectare),%.%%.%.%%.%%%.Amongthefoodcrops,%.Amongthesecosts,%%%.%%%.Theaverageannualgrowthoflandcostswasupby14%.%%.%.Amongthesecosts,thematerialandservicecostsgrewatanaverageannualgrowthof8%%%.%%%.Thelandcostgrewatanaverageannualrateof13%%%.%.Amongthesecosts,%%%.%%%.%%%.%.Amongthesecosts,%%%.%%%.%%%.Incontrasttothesituationoffoodcrops,therisingcostsandcoststructurec%.Amongthesecosts,%%%.Thelaborcostgrewatanaverageannualrateof13%%%.%%%.Theaveragetotalcostsofproductionoftwooil-bearingcrops(peanutandrapeseed)%.Amongthesecosts,%anditsshareintotalcostsdroppedfrom42%%.%%%.%%%.、万濠会开户网用户至上长江AG灵猴献瑞ByLiuYong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo14,2013(Total4263)In2011,regionaleconomicgrowthdeclinedatlargeinChina,andinmostregionstheecono,economiesofvariousprovinces,%(aweightedaverageasperGRP),();GRPofvariousprovinces,();thepercapitaGRPofvariousprovinces,regionsandmunicipalitiescametoatotalof38,777yuan(being3,680yuanhigherthanthenationalstatistics).FollowingistheanalysisofChinasregionaleconomicdevelopmentpattern,,anoverviewofregionaleconomicdevelopmentinChinaindicatedthateconomicgrowthinChinascentralandwesternregionswasfasterthanthatintheeasternregion,thefocusofregionaleconomicgrowthandaggregatemovedwestwardcontinuously,therelativeregionalgapcontinuedtoshrinka,becosregionaleconomicgrowthwascharacterizedbythefactthateconomicgrowthwasfasterincentralandwesternregions,butslowerintheeasternregionsofChinawhilethefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiverandTianjinwitnessedthefastestgrowthByregion,economicgrowthofChinascentralandwesternregionssurpassedthatofeastChinain5yearsrunningby2011andthesurpassinggrowthcontinuedtoenlarge,;thefarwesternregionsawafastergrowththanthegrandcentralregion,formingagainasequencingoffarwesternregion,grandcentralregionandneweasternregion,andthegroactonChinaseasternregion,andthatthecentralgovernmentsintensifyingin"7+1"integratedeconomicareasthatregionswhereeconomicgrowthisfasterthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiver,thefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesofthePearlRiver,thenortheasternregionandthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYellowRiverand,regionswhereeconomicgrowthisslowerthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthecoastalareasofeastChina,forChinaandproducedahugeimpactonChina,amongothers,havebeenworsthitbythecrisis(coastalareasofsoutheastChinawereworsthitin2008).(SeeTable1).Table1 PatternandChangeoftheMacroeconomicandIntegratedEconomicAreasduring2002~2011ByZhouHongchun,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo182,2010Garbageisanissuethatconcernspeopleslivelihoodandimpactspeopleslivingenvironmentandphysicalhealth,oproperlyhandlelegitimatepublicoutcriesforenvironmentalprotection,,thisissueshouldreceivehighat,theissueo,whichstoodatabout30milliontonsin1981,roseto154milliontonsin2008,atanannualgrowthrateof5%~6%.,000countycitiesand20,000centraltownswereincluded,,garbag"headache"tockpilingInfaceofrapidurbangarbagegrowth,theinitialmethodemployedbyso"garbage-besieged",whichspoilscitylooks,,riverwater,groundwaterandotherwatersourcesareseriouslypolluted,,theorganicmattersdecompose,,notedforhighincidenceofdiseases,,roblemSomecitieshavebeenslowinlandplanningandusedthe,,"perceivableandtouchable"vanityprojectsandneglecttheconstrtedbythegeneralpublicbeca,somesmallandmedium-sizedcitieshavecommissionedgarbagetreatmenttoenterprisesthroughbiddingandotherchannelsandfailedtoexercisenecessary,theexistenceandoperationofthesefacilitieshaveaffectedthelifeandphysicalhealthofnearbyresidents,elopmentoftheChineseeconomyandthecontinuousimprovementofthepeopleslivingstandard,dhealthrisks,and,thegrowingpublicresentmentsinthear,residentsinBeijing,Guangzhou,Jiangsuandotherplaceseitherstagedsit-insingarbagetreatmentgrounds,ormade"strolls"intherelatedgrounds,,whichnowhasarisingenvironmentalawareness,beginstotakeadvantageofInternetconveniencetovoicetheirhopethattheydonotwantgarbagetreatmentgroundsbuiltintheir"backyard",andconsistentwiththehuman-orienteds,indealingwithmassincidents,afewcitymanagers,whoareincompetentinsolvinggarbageproblemsandlackabilitytodealwithmassincidentsintheinformationage,,theytakeinappropriatemeasures,only,solvinggarbageproblemsGarbageDisposalIsMoreComplexthaninDevelopedCountriesChinasugncountries,thesubjectsofurb,theenvironmentaldepartmengandutilization,,Chinaisinthestageofrapidindustrializationandurbanization,,,advancepreparationssu,,someplacesusereservedlandfillgroundsforrealestatedevelopmentandindustrialconstruction."Thenextgovernmentpaysnoattentiontothedecisionsmadebythepreviousgovernment."Governmentdepartmentsscrambleforanythi,theenviron,garbagetreatmentgroundsbecomecloserandclosertoresidentialareasandtheaccumulatedgantsAlthoughthecomponentsofforeigngarbagearerelativelystableandgarbagesortingandrecyclingreceivehighattention,composting,,Europeancountriestreated42%oftheirgarbagebyland-filling,20%byrecyclingand17%filli,,seconomicdevelopment,,thegarbageinBeijing,Shanghai,Guangzhouandotherlargecitiescontainsahigherratioofrecyclablecompo,thegarbageofsmallandme,morethan70%,nos...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByHanJun,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo12,,Chinasgrainyieldincreasedfortheeighthconsecutiveyear,(twojinmakeonekilogram)%.Theharvestin2011istheresultofacombinationofrelevantfactorsincluding"supportingpolicy,boomingmarket,hardworkandfavorableweather".Theyieldincreasecanmainlybeattributedtomoresupportingpolicies,steadyfoodprice,extensivepopularizationofmhinasgrainself-sufficiencyhasdroppedto90%.AsChinasmajorimportsaresoybeansinsteadofcereals,however,themajorcerealslikerice,wheatandcornaremorethan98%,Chinastillremainsvulnerabletofrequentandseverenaturaldisasters,roblemof,majorgrainproducingregionsare,the13majorgrainproducingprovincesaccountedfor76%ofthecountry%,atypicalconcerninsomeofthemajorgrainproducingprovincesisthatgrainproduction,insteadofbeinganadvantage,,,therestareexpectedtoberaisedattheprovincial,ssecondgrainproducerHenanProvincehasbeenthel,itspercapitafiscalexpenditurestoodatmerely3,063yuan,whilethefigureofShanghaiwas15,563yuan,,therefore,isstillaprimarytaskwhilehandlingthethree-dimensionalruralissues,namelytheproblemsofagriculture,,inordertostabilizegrainproduction,weshouldfirstmobilizethefarmersinitiativeinplantinggraincropsandthelocalgovernmentsinitiativeinemphasizinggrainproduction.(1)KeepareasonablegrainpriceComparedtotheresidentsincomeandtheoverallpricelevel,einterestsofagricultureandindustry,andalsoanimportanticeforwheatandriceprocurement.(2)Optimizethelong-termmechanismoffinancialsubsidytofarmersgrowinggraincropsOvertherecentyears,thepricesfordieseloil,fertilizerandagriculturalservicesaswellasthecostonlaborhavebeenincreasingconsistently,andtheprofitfromgrainplantinghasbeenreduced,ubsidytoalevelreasonableenoughtocompensatefarmerscostingrowinggrainsandalsoguaranteeforthemanappropriatelevelofprofit.(3)OptimizethebenefitcompensationmechanismformajorgrainproducingregionsIn2011,thecentralfinancerewardedatotal20billionyuanto200majorgrainproducingcountiesthroughoutthecountry(10millionyuanforeachcounty).Sucharewardingpolicyhashelpedtoalleviatetoacertainextentthefinancialdifficultyofthemajorg,thegeneralfeed-backf(15mumakeonehectare)stoodatmerely11yuaninHenan,thefinancialdifficultyofmajorgrainproducingcountiesstandsasaprominentproblemandthecentralfinanceshouldgrantthemrewardsaccordingtothepercapitafinancialresourcesatthecountylevel,ensuringavailabilityofadequatefundsforbasicexpenditureandforsocialundertakingsandimprovingtheirinitiativesindevelopinggrainproduction.(4)ContinuetappingthepotentialofimprovingtheyieldonperunitoflandItsdifficulttorealizebalancedyieldincreaseoverlargeareasbyrelyingonsingletechnology,therefore,weshouldintegrateandpopularizeadvancedandpracticaltechnologies,promotethecombinationofimprovedvarietiesandadvancedmethods,and,cotton,sugarandfreshagriculturalproductsWeshouldhandlewellthecollectionandstorageofcottonandavo,butthepriceincreasehasfailedtoleadtocorrespondingproductionincreassthereforebecomingangedplanformarketregulationsoastoavoidthepricecycleof"biggerincreasefollowedbysharpfall".、DVORByYuanDongming,GeneralOfficeofDRCandLiGuangqian,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo132,2012Inrecentyears,themarkethaswitnessednumerouscasesofunusualfluctuationofthepricesofChineseherbalmedicines,remaithaviewtostraighteningupthemarketandforthepurposeoffocusingontheestablishmentofasingleandspecializedmarketandtheformationofthe"individuality+multiplicity",significantchangeshavetakenplaceinthemarketcircumstancesfortheoperationoftheherbalmedicines,andinnovationshionmodelandactivelyboosttheimprovementofthemarketsystem,thetransformationofthespecializedmarketandthechangeofmeansofsupervisionsoastolayafoundatihineseherbalmedicinemarkethasexperiencedthreephasesofdevelopmentsincetheimplementationofreformandopeninguppolicy:(before1994)Aftertheimplementationofthereformandopen-doorpolicy,thetransitionoftheproduction,operationandsalesofherbalmedicinalproductsfromunderthepreviousplannedeconomysystemtothepresentmarketeconomysystemgreatlyboostedthecultivationandtradingofherbalmedicinalmaterials,,over100herbalmedicinemarketstookshapespontaneouslyacrossthecountry,dthedecoctionpieces(preparedherbalmedicineinsmallpiecesreadyfordecoction)theherbalmedetsandthemarketmanagementwasterriblyimperfect,leadinoducts,severelyimpairingt(1994~2003)ItwasputforwardintheUrgentCircularoftheStateCouncilonFurtherStrengtheningthePharmaceuticalAdministrationWorkpromulgatedin1994thatthespecializedherbalmedicinemarketsshouldberectifiedandstandardized,andin1995theStateAdministrationofTraditionalChineseMedicine,StatePharmaceuticalAdministration,MinistryofPublicHealthandtheStateAdministrationofIndustryandCommercejointlyformulatedtheSta,variouslocalitiesacrossthecountrystraighteneduptheirrespectiveherbalmedicinemarketsaccordingtotheStandardsandclosedtheineligibleones,andexercisedr,116illegalmedicinalfairtrademarketshadbeenbannedoneafteranotherthroughoutth  (since2003)Withthefurtherdevelopmentofthemarketeconomyandtheever-growinglaw-enforcementandsupervisionefforts,theobsoletemeansofexchangeonthespecializedmarketsturnedoutmaladaptiveandthemarketswereencumberedbyanumberofprevailingproblems,suchasmanagementchaos,operationbeyondthedesigna,theStateFoodandDrugAdministrationmadesamplinginspectionoftheherbalmedicinalmaterialssoldonspecializedherbalmedicinemarketsandtheamountofdefectiveproductsreachedashighas31%,ofwhichthedefectiveproductsofsomevarietiesevensurged83%,withbothperc%,theStateFoodandDrugAdministration,theMinistryofPublicSecurity,theStateCouncilOfficeforRectifyingIllegalMarketOrdersandtheGeneralAdministrationforIndustryandCommercestartedthespecialrectificationof17specializedmarketsandotherillicitfairtrademarketsnationwide,withthefocusbeingmadeontheenh,theherbalmedicinemarketshaveplayedanimportantpartinenliveningmedicinecirculation,increasingfarmers,thenumberofpermanentpersonnelinvolvedinherbalmedicinesin17specializedmarketshastopped100,,thesp,withthedevelopmentoflocally-supportedherbalmedicinemarketsandtheexpansionofthemarketdemand,,thereareover100specializedmarketsandthousandsoffai,circ,somelargemanufacturersofdecoctionpiecesandherbalmedicinesaremakingpurchasesdirect,moderninformationizedmeanshaveexpeditedtheparturitionofmanynewherbalmedicinecirculationpatterns,suchaschainoperation,onlinetransactionandfuturestrading.Figure2 细颗粒物:irQualityStandard(AAQS)(GB3095-2012)newlyrevisedbyChina,andAAQShasli//nvironmentalqualitiesareevaluatedaccordingtothenewstandard,thatis,basedonthenewsecondarystandard(70μg/m3),%,,snortherncitiesarehigherthanthoseinthecountry,Shanghai,Chongqing,Guangdong,Shenzhen,Guangzhou,SuzhouandNanjingconductedbyChinaNationalEnvironmentalMonitoringCenter,,theproportionofChina%onanaverage,andthispercentagedoesnotdiffertoomuchinChinandlingandthatonlycontrollingPM10hasnotbeenabletosatisfytheneedforcontrollingdustpollution,,thefrequencyatwhichsmoggyweatherhappenedinChina%~%,,suchaspeoplewearingfacemaskstogooutside,childreninurbanareasunab,thesmoggyweathercausedbytheburningofcropstalksinruralareaswillevenaffectthetakeofforlandingofaeroplanes,carbon(PAH),,initsAirQualityCriteria,WHOpointedoutthatpersonsinhalinganannualaverageof35μg/%ascomparedtothoseinhalinganannualaverageof10μg/(AHA),,tafter1960shasfoundoutthathighincidenceoflungcanerwillturnople,,notonlywilltheauthorityofthedataoftheenvironmentalprotectionsystembeaffected,,ByLongGuoqiang,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCInternationalTradeNo1,,withdeepeningeconomicglobalizationandwidelyappliedinformationtechnology(IT),serviceshave,includingficit,revealingthatChinaativeadvantages,itisofmajorimportanceforChinatoconstantlypromoteitsinternationalcompetitivenessintermsoftradeinservicesforitsforeigntraderestructuring,whichhasagreatstrategicsignificanceforchangingChina,developingtradeinservicesisnecessaryforboostingChinaestimporterofgoods,inglobalizationitsti,basicfactorsthathaveaneffectonthecountryscomparativeadvantagesarechanginginaprofoundmanner,wagestoordinaryworkersarerisingfastandtheinternationalcompetitivenessoflabor-intensiveproductsisweakening,butthequalityoflaborhasimprovedremarkably,workersyearsofeducationhaveincreasedgreatly,andthenumberofuniversitygraduateshasswelledrapidly–,ontheonehand,givefullplaytoChinasadvantageinhumanresources,,theaveragepayoftheserviceexportsectoris22%alcompetitivenessofChina,buttheoverallstrengthofindustrychains,thatdeterminestheinternationalcompetitivenessofacountry,wecaneffectivelyimprovetheoverallcompetitivenessofChinasmore,developingtradeinservicescanextendthevaluechainbywhichChinaparticipatesintheinternationaldivisionoflabor,andelevateChinaoftheglobalvaluechainofproduction,andextendingtowardsbothendsofthe“smilecurve”–RDservicesandprofessionalservices,twosectorsofhighvalueadded–representsthedi,developingtradeinserviceshelpsimproveChina,developingtradeinservicesisaneffectivewaytopromotethedevelopmentofChinael,,booststhetrainingofinternationaltalents,sharpenscompetitioninthedomesticservicemarket,,developinheexcessinternalcontrolthathasledtoinadequateopeningtotheoutsideworld,whileopeningupserviceindustriestotheoutsideworldwillhelpreform,developing,internaldemanddeterminesthelow-levelsupplystructureofserviceindustries,whilemakingfulluseofthemarketsofdevelopedcountrieshelpsachievetheeconomiesofscaleinhigh-endserviceindustries,,developingtradeinservingproblemforChina,,ithelpsoptimizetheindus,itisconducivetoenergyconservationandemissionsreducti,ittorthataffectstheefficiencyofChina,forinstance,logisticstakeuplessthan10%ofGDP,butitsnearly20%inChina–suggestingtosomeextentthelowefficiencyofChina,,thoughatageographicdisadvantageintermsofgoodsexport,arenotgeographicallyconstrainedtodeveloptradeinsomeservices;transactionsinserviceoutsourcingrequireonlyaccesstotheInternet,andprojectcontracting,exportoflaborservice,,weeninlandregionsandcoastalones,butalsobringmorejobsandincometouniversitygraduates,constructionworkers,1,ChinasforeigntradeinservicestotaledUS$,ranking4thintheworld,includingUS$(ranking4thintheworld)andUS$(ranking3rdintheworld).Between2004-2008,China%,,thegrowthrateofChina%in2008to-12%in2009,,%,,%,%.Figure1showsclearlythatChinasserviceexporthaswitnessedviolentfluctuations.。

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